Neha Patil

ALDH1A2

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Species  Human
Entrez  8854
Human  Mouse
Ensembl  ENSG00000128918
ALDH1A2
Aliases  ALDH1A2, RALDH(II), RALDH2, RALDH2-T, aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 family member A2
External IDs  MGI: 107928 HomoloGene: 68368 GeneCards: ALDH1A2

Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 family, member A2, also known as ALDH1A2 or retinaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (RALDH2), is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the ALDH1A2 gene.

This protein belongs to the aldehyde dehydrogenase family of proteins. The product of this gene is an enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of retinoic acid (RA) from retinaldehyde. Retinoic acid, the active derivative of vitamin A (retinol), is a paracrine hormone signaling molecule that functions in developing and adult tissues. The studies of a similar mouse gene suggest that this enzyme and the cytochrome CYP26A1, concurrently establish local embryonic retinoic acid levels that facilitate posterior organ development and prevent spina bifida. Three transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene.

References

ALDH1A2 Wikipedia


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