Puneet Varma


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Species  Human
Entrez  29974
Human  Mouse
Ensembl  ENSG00000148584
Aliases  A1CF, ACF, ACF64, ACF65, APOBEC1CF, ASP, APOBEC1 complementation factor
External IDs  MGI: 1917115 HomoloGene: 16363 GeneCards: A1CF

APOBEC1 complementation factor is a protein that in humans is encoded by the A1CF gene.



Alternative splicing occurs at this locus and three full-length transcript variants, encoding three distinct isoforms, have been described. Additional splicing has been observed but the full-length nature of these variants has not been determined.


Mammalian apolipoprotein B mRNA undergoes site-specific C to U deamination, which is mediated by a multi-component enzyme complex containing a minimal core composed of APOBEC1 and a complementation factor encoded by this gene. The gene product has three non-identical RNA recognition motifs and belongs to the hnRNP R family of RNA-binding proteins. It has been proposed that this complementation factor functions as an RNA-binding subunit and docks APOBEC1 to deaminate the upstream cytidine. Studies suggest that the protein may also be involved in other RNA editing or RNA processing events.

Its deletion results in lethality in mice.


A1CF has been shown to interact with APOBEC1, CUGBP2, and SYNCRIP.


A1CF Wikipedia

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