The club was founded in 1924 by Greek refugees from Constantinople (now Istanbul) in the wake of the Greco-Turkish War and the subsequent population exchange. The large Greek population of Constantinople, not unlike those of the other Ottoman urban centres, continued its athletic traditions in the form of numerous athletic clubs. Clubs such as Enosi Tataoulon (Ένωση Ταταούλων), from the Tatavla district, Megas Alexandros (Μέγας Αλέξανδρος) and Hermes (Ερμής) of Galata existed to promote the Hellenic athletic and cultural ideals; Hermes, one of the most popular clubs, was formed in 1875 by the Greek community of Pera (Galata). Forced by the Kemalist regime to change its name to Pera Club in 1923, many of its athletes fled to Greece and settled in Athens and Thessaloniki.
The founders of AEK established the club with the intention of providing athletic and cultural diversions for the thousands of predominantly Constantinopolitan and Anatolian refugees who had settled in the new suburbs of Athens (Nea Filadelfeia, Nea Ionia, Nea Chalkidona, Nea Smyrni etc.), such happened in other Greek cities, under difficult circumstances.
Established in Athens in 1924 by Greeks from Constantinople, AEK has grown to become one of the most successful clubs in Greek football and Greek sports in general.
AEK formed also its basketball team in 1924. The basketball team was the first ever Greek team to win an international trophy in any team sports (in 1968).
AEK Athletics Club was established in 1924 and is one of the most successful departments of AEK. One of the first sections of the AEK athletic club was cycling. M. Kaloudis was a winner in the Balkan Games (in 1940 in Bucharest when he was 3rd) and was one of the founders of the Chamber. He first appeared in 1929 and was followed by Petoun, Tarsinian and Krisalis. Another cycling ace was Kouvelis, who won the gold medal in the Balkan Games of 1940 in the race of 33 kilometers. Both Kaloudis and his Kouvelis participated in the Olympic Games in London in 1948.
The Olympic Games of 1948 in London, M. Kaloudis led to the new excursion of AEK in cycling. At the beginning of the 1950s, the sport had blossomed and AEK competed with Panionios and Panathinaikos. The department then had a plethora of skilled cyclists as Davouti, Kouyioumtzis (Athens won the race-Loutraki 1952), Chatziargyri, Georgiadis, Arapi, Barda, Alexis, Tzioti, Barla, Trasian etc.
AEK Table Tennis Club acquired the third position, both in men and in young men championships, in 1959. AEK Athens Table Tennis (Ping-Pong) Club, participated in Greek championships during the decades of 1950, 1960, 1970 and 1980.
AEK Athens V.C. is the volleyball team of the Greek sports club AEK. It was re-founded in 1967 by Jason Platsi. Over the years AEK have struggled to stay in the top flight of Greek volleyball, competing in A2 (Greece's second division) and A1. The Boxing Club was founded in 1969 and during the 1970s had the first success.
The football team participated to the semi-final of UEFA Cup in 1977. With many of its star players they continued appearing in European (UEFA Champions League and UEFA Cup) competitions.
AEK Table Tennis Club acquired the third position in Greek Cups of 1984 and 1985. The relevant department of AEK was inactive for almost 23 years (1986–2009).
Since 1995, AEK has also a women volley club team, which has been advanced to the final of the Greek Cup (2011).
The Department of Fencing AEK was founded in 1996, relying on a trunk athletes beginning in the infrastructure of the club, little by little and gradually ascended the steps and assumed a leading role.
The biggest success for the boxing department came in the late 1990s, with Tigran Ouzlian, Arthur Mikaelian, Mike Arnaoutis (who is now a professional boxer in the United States).
AEK H.C. is also another growing department at AEK. It was founded by a decision of the General Assembly of AEK on July 12, 2005. On August 5, 2005, the Greek Handball Federation accepted a merger of GA Ilioupolis with the Handball Sports Union of Constantinople. In 2007 AEK HC was 3rd in A1 and gained the first participation in European Cups. On 31 May 2009, AEK HC won the Greek Cup in Serres.
The department of AEK Futsal Club was established in 2008 by a merger with Enosi Geraka futsal team and participated in B'Ethniki (second division), where it finished 1st at the regular season and 2nd after play-off games. However, for the period 2009–10 AEK futsal club is playing again at B'Ethniki, due to a decision taken by EPO (Greek Football Federation), forbitting all team mergers generally. AEK Futsal Club terminated at second position of B'Ethniki after play-off games of April 2010 and gained the participation at A'Ethniki (first division) for the period 2010–11 and has now been advanced to the semi-final of the Greek Cup (2011).
The Chess department was founded by a decision of the General Assembly of AEK on July 12, 2005. The department staffed directly by September 3, 2005 is a member of the Greek Chess Federation. In 2006 AEK Chess Club was Greek Cup finalist and in 2008 Greek Cup semi-finalist (3rd place). Also won the Attica Cup in 2006 and the Attica Rapid Championships in 2006, 2009 and 2010. In 2010 participated at A' Ethniki (1st Division) and took the 7th place.
AEK VC had its finest moment with coach Stelios Prosalikas, as has prevailed in the final-4 of the European Cup Winners Cup. The races held (9–10 March 2000) in the closed Nea Liosia and AEK lost in the semi-final by Cuneo, but won 3–1 Galatasaray in the small final and won the 3rd place.
On 26 February 2011, AEK HC advanced to the quarter-final (best 8) of European Challenge Cup by defeating Sporting Lisboa. On 7 May 2011, AEK HC won the Greek Championship, by defeating PAOK 22–23 in Thessaloniki.
Since the club's foundation AEK adopted the image of a double-headed eagle on a golden yellow background. The emblem and colours were chosen as a reminder for the lost homelands and they represent the club's historical ties to Constantinople.
Its usage also survived as a decorative element in the Greek Orthodox Church, which was the inheritor of the Byzantine legacy during the Ottoman Empire, while it remained a popular symbol among Greeks.
In modern Greece various variations of the two-headed eagles are used in Church flags (based on Byzantine flag patterns and heraldic emblems) and, officially, by the Greek Army; the bird found its way into the Greek coat of arms for a brief period in 1925–1926.
AEK is an amateur multi-sports club with the mission to create and advance as many sports as it is possible and its main professional and semiprofessional teams operate independently.
The club has teams in many sports, including athletics, cycling, boxing, chess, fencing, table tennis, wrestling, weightlifting, gymnastics, swimming, tennis, badminton, rugby, taekwondo and brazilian jiu-jitsu, but its most popular teams primarily compete in association football, basketball, volleyball, handball and futsal.Greek Championships (11):
1939, 1940, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1978, 1979, 1989, 1992, 1993, 1994
Greek Cup (15):
1932, 1939, 1949, 1950, 1956, 1964, 1966, 1978, 1983, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2002, 2011, 2016
Greek League Cup (1):
Greek Super Cup (3):
1971, 1989, 1996
European Cup Winners' Cup / Saporta Cup (2):
Greek Championships (8):
1958, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1968, 1970, 2002
Greek Basketball Cup (3):
1981, 2000, 2001
Greek Championship (2) :
Greek Cup (3) :
2009, 2013, 2014
Greek Men League Cup (1) :
Greek Women Championship (1) :
Greek Women Super Cup (1) :
Greek Championship, Overall Standings: 10
1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1968, 1975, 1979, 1981
Greek Road Championship, Men: Standings: 10 (1960, 1961, 1964, 1966, 1968, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1980),
Team time trial : 4 (1974, 1975, 1976, 1979)
Greek Track Championship, Men: Standings: 6 (1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1966),
Team pursuit: 5 (1961, 1962, 1964, 1966, 1967)
Greek Championship, Men: 6
1978, 1980, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2006
Greek Cross-Country Championships (men) 10:
1937, 1946, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964
Greek Championship, Women 5:
2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 ,
Greek Indoor Championship, Women 3:
2011, 2015, 2016
Greek Cross-Country Championship, Women 3:
2010, 2011, 2012
Greek Sabre team championship (women) 5:
2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016.