Rahul Sharma (Editor)

9th United States Congress

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Senate President  George Clinton (DR)
House Speaker:  Nathaniel Macon (DR)
House Majority:  Democratic-Republican
Senate Pres. pro tem:  Samuel Smith (DR)
Senate Majority:  Democratic-Republican
9th United States Congress
Members:  34 Senators 142 Representatives 3 Non-voting members

The Ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1805 to March 4, 1807, during the fifth and sixth years of Thomas Jefferson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Second Census of the United States in 1800. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.


Major events

  • June 1, 1805: First Barbary War ends.
  • November 7, 1805: Lewis and Clark Expedition arrived at the Pacific Ocean.
  • September 23, 1806: Lewis and Clark Expedition returned to St. Louis, Missouri, thereby ending the exploration of the Louisiana Territory and the Pacific Northwest.
  • February 19, 1807: Former Vice President Aaron Burr was tried for conspiracy and acquitted.
  • Major legislation

  • March 29, 1806 - Cumberland Road, ch. 19, 2 Stat. 357
  • March 2, 1807 - Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves, ch. 22, 2 Stat. 426
  • Territories organized

  • June 30, 1805 Michigan Territory was formed from a portion of the Indiana Territory
  • Party summary

    The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.


  • President: George Clinton (DR)
  • President pro tempore: Samuel Smith (DR)
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Nathaniel Macon (DR)
  • Members

    This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district.

    Skip to House of Representatives, below


    Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

    House of Representatives

    The names of members of the House of Representatives are listed by their district numbers

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.


    Lists of committees and their party leaders.


  • Army Regulations (Select)
  • Whole
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Claims
  • Commerce and Manufactures
  • Elections
  • Public Lands
  • Revisal and Unfinished Business
  • Rules (Select)
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Enrolled Bills
  • Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol: Benjamin Latrobe
  • Librarian of Congress: John J. Beckley
  • Senate

  • Chaplain:
  • Alexander T. McCormick, Episcopalian, elected November 7, 1804
  • Edward Gantt, Episcopalian, elected December 4, 1805
  • John J. Sayrs, Episcopalian, elected December 3, 1806
  • Secretary: Samuel A. Otis
  • Sergeant at Arms: James Mathers
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain:
  • James Laurie, Presbyterian, elected December 2, 1805
  • Robert Elliot, Presbyterian, elected December 1, 1806
  • Clerk: John Beckley
  • Doorkeeper: Thomas Claxton
  • Sergeant at Arms: Joseph Wheaton
  • References

    9th United States Congress Wikipedia

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