Supriya Ghosh

9K115 Metis

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Type  Anti-tank missile
In service  1979 – present
Produced  1978 – present
Place of origin  Soviet Union
Used by  Russia
9K115 Metis
Manufacturer  KBP Instrument Design Bureau

The 9K115 Metis ("mongrel") (NATO reporting name AT-7 Saxhorn) is a man-portable SACLOS wire-guided anti-tank missile system of the Soviet Union.

Contents

Development

The missile was developed by the Tula KBP. It is very similar to the AT-4 Spigot in external appearance (having three main fins); however, the missile is much lighter - primarily because of the reduced fuel load, which reduces the maximum range to 1,000 metres (3,300 ft).

During the 1980s, an upgraded version of the missile was developed - the Metis-M 9M131 (sometimes labelled Metis-2). Fired from the same launcher, the new missile is much larger and heavier, with an increased range and a larger warhead. NATO labelled this missile the AT-13 Saxhorn-2.

History

The missile was introduced into the Russian army in 1979 to supplement the AT-4 Spigot at company level. The system is lighter than the AT-4 Spigot system, due to a less complicated tripod launcher and a lighter missile.

In Russian service, the AT-7 is deployed with motor rifle companies, with three launchers per company. The missile is operated by a two-man team; the gunner carries the 9P151 launching post and one missile, his assistant carries an additional three missiles.

The export prices of the missile and firing post in 1992 were:

  • 9M131 Missile $13,500
  • 9P151 Firing post $70,000
  • Models

  • AT-7 Saxhorn - Entered service in 1979.
  • AT-13 Saxhorn-2 - 9K115-2 Metis-M
  • Description

    The missile is fired from the 9P151 launching post, which has a simple tripod for support. It can also be fired from the shoulder - but this apparently requires more skill on the part of the operator. The launching post weighs 10.2 kilograms (22 lb). The missile is launched from the tube by a booster rather than the gas generator used on the AT-4 Spigot system, despite both missiles being designed by the same design bureau. The 9S816 guidance system is powered by a thermal battery attached to the launch tube shortly before launch - the missile itself is remotely powered along the guidance wires.

    The missile can be launched from an enclosed space, such as a building or cave, but requires at least 6 metres (20 ft) behind the launcher, and a total internal volume of at least 100 cubic metres (3,500 cu ft). The missile has a short minimum range of 40 metres (130 ft) and can engage targets moving at up to 60 kilometres per hour (37 mph).

    The missile's warhead is a single HEAT shaped charge.

    Current operators

  •  Bangladesh
  •  Belarus
  •  Hungary
  •  Iran
  •  Moldova
  •  North Korea
  •  Russia
  •  Ukraine
  •  Syria
  •  Croatia
  • Former operators

  •  Poland - Retired.
  • References

    9K115 Metis Wikipedia


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