| Democratic (17-14)|
| New York, United States|
January 1 – December 31, 1871
Lt. Gov. Allen C. Beach (D)
The 94th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 3 to April 21, 1871, during the third year of John T. Hoffman's governorship, in Albany.
94th New York State Legislature Wikipedia
Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1846, 32 Senators and 128 assemblymen were elected in single-seat districts; senators for a two-year term, assemblymen for a one-year term. The senatorial districts were made up of entire counties, except New York County (five districts) and Kings County (two districts). The Assembly districts were made up of entire towns, or city wards, forming a contiguous area, all within the same county.
At this time there were two major political parties: the Republican Party and the Democratic Party.
The New York state election, 1870 was held on November 8. Gov. John T. Hoffman and Lt. Gov. Allen C. Beach were re-elected. The other four statewide elective offices up for election were also carried by the Democrats. The approximate party strength at this election, as expressed by the vote for Governor, was: Democrats 399,000 and Republicans 366,000.
The Legislature met for the regular session at the Old State Capitol in Albany on January 3, 1871; and adjourned on April 21.
William Hitchman (D) was re-elected Speaker with 64 votes against 62 for James W. Husted (R).
On April 4, the Legislature re-elected Abram B. Weaver (D) to a second term of three years as Superintendent of Public Instruction.
On April 7, Assemblyman James Irving had an altercation with Assemblyman Smith M. Weed, during which Irving hit Weed forceful in the face. Subsequently Irving resigned his seat, and the Democrats could not pass any bills anymore, a vote of 65 being required. After a week of deadlock, Republican Assemblyman Orange S. Winans voiced his opinion that the Democrats were entitled to a majority, and voted with them, thus passing the pending bills. Winans was denounced as a traitor, and disappeared from politics.
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature.Clerk: Hiram Calkins
Sergeant-at-Arms: George Graham
Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms: Abraham J. Meyers
Doorkeeper: Alexander H. Waterman
Assistant Doorkeeper: W. W. McKinney
Assistant Doorkeeper: John Drew
Assistant Doorkeeper: Orson Root
Assistant Doorkeeper: Cornelius V. Simpkins
Stenographer: Andrew Devine
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.
Party affiliations follow the vote for Speaker.Clerk: Cornelius W. Armstrong
Sergeant-at-Arms: Jeriah G. Rhoads
Doorkeeper: Andrew S. Scobey
First Assistant Doorkeeper: James Keenan
Second Assistant Doorkeeper: Allen W. Seaman