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936th Tactical Airlift Group

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Covid-19
Active  1963-1974
Role  Airlift
Country  United States
Part of  Air Force Reserve
936th Tactical Airlift Group
Branch  United States Air Force

The 936th Tactical Airlift Group is an inactive United States Air Force Reserve unit. It was last active with the 442d Tactical Airlift Wing, based at Richards-Gebaur Air Force Base, Missouri. It was inactivated on 30 June 1974

Contents

Need for reserve troop carrier groups

After May 1959, the reserve flying force consisted of 45 troop carrier squadrons assigned to 15 troop carrier wings. The squadrons were not all located with their parent wings, but were spread over thirty-five Air Force, Navy and civilian airfields under what was called the Detached Squadron Concept. The concept offered several advantages. Communities were more likely to accept the smaller squadrons than the large wings and the location of separate squadrons in smaller population centers would facilitate recruiting and manning. However, under this concept, all support organizations were located with the wing headquarters. Although this was not a problem when the entire wing was called to active service, mobilizing a single flying squadron and elements to support it proved difficult. This weakness was demonstrated in the partial mobilization of reserve units during the Berlin Crisis of 1961. To resolve this, at the start of 1962, Continental Air Command, (ConAC) determined to reorganize its reserve wings by establishing groups with support elements for each of its troop carrier squadrons. This reorganization would facilitate mobilization of elements of wings in various combinations when needed.

Activation of the 936th Troop Carrier Group

As a result, the 936th Troop Carrier Group was established at Richards-Gebaur Air Force Base, Missouri on 17 January 1963 as the headquarters for the 304th Troop Carrier Squadron, which had been stationed there since April 1955. Along with group headquarters, a Combat Support Squadron, Materiel Squadron and a Tactical Infirmary were organized to support the 304th.

If mobilized, the group was gained by Tactical Air Command (TAC), which was also responsible for its training. Its mission was to organize, recruit and train Air Force reservists in the tactical airlift of airborne forces, their equipment and supplies and delivery of these forces and materials by airdrop or landing. The group was equipped with Douglas C-124 Globemaster IIs for TAC airlift operations.

The group was one of three C-124 groups assigned to the 442d Troop Carrier Wing in 1963, the others being the 935th Troop Carrier Group, also at Richards-Gebaur, and the 937th Troop Carrier Group, at Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma.

The group flew overseas missions, particularly to the Far East and Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War. In 1971, the group began phasing out the C-124 and by 1972, had fully transitioned to the Lockheed C-130 Hercules.

Inactivated in 1974 and the 304th Squadron was assigned directly to the 442d Wing.

Lineage

  • Established as the 936th Troop Carrier Group, Heavy and activated on 28 December 1962 (not organized)
  • Organized in the Reserve on 17 January 1963 Redesignated 936th Air Transport Group, Heavy on 1 December 1965 Redesignated 936th Military Airlift Group on 1 January 1966 Redesignated 936th Tactical Airlift Group on 29 June 1971 Inactivated on 30 June 1974

    Assignments

  • Continental Air Command, 28 December 1962 (not organized)
  • 442d Troop Carrier Wing (later 442d Air Transport Wing, 442d Military Airlift Wing, 442d Tactical Airlift Wing), 17 January 1963 – 30 June 1974
  • Components

  • 304th Troop Carrier Squadron (later 304th Air Transport Squadron, 304th Military Airlift Squadron, 304th Tactical Airlift Squadron), 17 January 1963 – 30 June 1974
  • Stations

  • Richards-Gebaur Air Force Base, Missouri, 17 January 1963 – 30 June 1974
  • Aircraft

  • Douglas C-124 Globemaster II, 1963-1971
  • Lockheed C-130 Hercules, 1971-1974
  • References

    936th Tactical Airlift Group Wikipedia


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