Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

91st United States Congress

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Covid-19
House Speaker:  John W. McCormack (D)
House Majority:  Democratic
Senate Majority:  Democratic
91st United States Congress
Senate President  Hubert Humphrey (D) until January 20, 1969 Spiro Agnew (R) from January 20, 1969
Senate Pres. pro tem:  Richard Russell, Jr. (D)
Members:  100 Senators 435 Representatives

The Ninety-first United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1969 to January 3, 1971, during the first two years of the first administration of U.S. President Richard Nixon.

Contents

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Eighteenth Census of the United States in 1960. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Major legislation

  • December 30, 1969: Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act, Pub.L. 91–173
  • 1969: Tax Reform Act of 1969, Pub.L. 91–172
  • January 1, 1970: National Environmental Policy Act, Pub.L. 91–190
  • April 3, 1970: Environmental Quality Improvement Act, Pub.L. 91–224
  • May 21, 1970: Airport and Airway Development Act, Pub.L. 91–258, title I
  • August 12, 1970: Postal Reorganization Act (United States Postal Service), Pub.L. 91–375
  • August 15, 1970: Economic Stabilization Act
  • September 22, 1970: District of Columbia Delegate Act, Pub.L. 91–405
  • October 15, 1970: Organized Crime Control Act, Pub.L. 91–452 (including the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act ("RICO")
  • 1970: Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1970, Pub.L. 91–453
  • October 26, 1970: Bank Secrecy Act, Pub.L. 91–508
  • October 27, 1970: Controlled Substances Act, Pub.L. 91–513
  • 1970: Rail Passenger Service Act (Amtrak), Pub.L. 91–518
  • December 24, 1970: Family Planning Services and Population Research Act of 1970, Pub.L. 91–572
  • December 24, 1970: Plant Variety Protection Act, Pub.L. 91–577
  • December 29, 1970: Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA), Pub.L. 91–596
  • December 31, 1970: Clean Air Act Extension, Pub.L. 91–604
  • December 31, 1970: Housing and Urban Development Act of 1970, Pub.L. 91–609, including title VII, National Urban Policy and New Community Development Act of 1970
  • January 12, 1971: Foreign Military Sales Act of 1971, Pub.L. 91–672
  • 1971: Lead-Based Paint Poisoning Prevention Act, Pub.L. 91–695
  • Party summary

    The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

    Senate

  • Democratic: 57 (majority)
  • Republican: 43
  • TOTAL members: 100

    House of Representatives

  • Democratic: 243 (majority)
  • Republican: 192
  • TOTAL members: 435

    Senate

  • President: Hubert Humphrey (D), until January 20, 1969
  • Spiro Agnew (R), from January 20, 1969
  • President pro tempore: Richard Russell, Jr. (D)
  • Permanent Acting President pro tempore: Lee Metcalf (D)
  • Majority (Democratic) leadership

  • Majority Leader: Mike Mansfield
  • Majority Whip: Ted Kennedy
  • Caucus Secretary: Robert Byrd
  • Minority (Republican) leadership

  • Minority Leader: Everett Dirksen, until September 7, 1969
  • Hugh Scott, from September 24, 1969
  • Minority Whip: Hugh Scott, until September 24, 1969
  • Robert P. Griffin, from September 24, 1969
  • Republican Conference Chairman: Margaret Chase Smith
  • Republican Conference Secretary: Milton Young
  • National Senatorial Committee Chair: John Tower
  • Policy Committee Chairman: Gordon L. Allott
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: John W. McCormack (D)
  • Majority (Democratic) leadership

  • Majority Leader: Carl Albert
  • Majority Whip: Hale Boggs
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: Dan Rostenkowski
  • Caucus Secretary: Leonor Sullivan
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Michael A. Feighan
  • Minority (Republican) leadership

  • Minority Leader: Gerald Ford
  • Minority Whip: Leslie C. Arends
  • Conference Chair: John B. Anderson
  • Policy Committee Chairman: John Jacob Rhodes
  • Caucuses

  • House Democratic Caucus
  • Members

    This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

    Senate

    Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1970; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1972; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1974.

    House of Representatives

    The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

    Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress

    Senate

  • replacements: 3
  • Democratic: 2 seat net gain
  • Republican: 2 seat net loss
  • deaths: 1
  • resignations: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 3
  • House of Representatives

  • replacements: 14
  • Democratic: 2 seat net gain
  • Republican: 2 seat net loss
  • deaths: 10
  • resignations: 8
  • Total seats with changes: 18
  • Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.

    Senate

  • Aeronautical and Space Sciences ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Agriculture and Forestry ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Appropriations ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Banking and Currency ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Commerce ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • District of Columbia ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Equal Educational Opportunity (Select) ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Finance ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Foreign Relations ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Government Operations ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Interior and Insular Affairs ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Judiciary ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Labor and Public Welfare ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Nutrition and Human Needs (Select) ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Post Office and Civil Service ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Public Works ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Small Business (Select) ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Standards and Conduct (Select) ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Whole
  • House of Representatives

  • Agriculture ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Appropriations ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Banking and Currency ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • District of Columbia ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Education and Labor ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Foreign Affairs ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Government Operations ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • House Administration ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Interior and Insular Affairs ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Internal Security ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Post Office and Civil Service ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Rules ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Science and Astronautics ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Small Business (Select) ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Standards of Official Conduct ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Transportation and Infrastructure ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Veterans' Affairs ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Ways and Means ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Atomic Energy ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Congressional Operations ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Defense Production ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Disposition of Executive Papers ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Economic ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Immigration and Nationality Policy ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Legislative Budget ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • The Library ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Navajo-Hopi Indian Administration ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Printing ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Reduction of Nonessential Federal Expenditures ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Taxation ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • References

    91st United States Congress Wikipedia


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