Neha Patil (Editor)

85th United States Congress

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Covid-19
Senate President  Richard Nixon (R)
House Speaker:  Sam Rayburn (D)
House Majority:  Democratic
Senate Pres. pro tem:  Carl Hayden (D)
Senate Majority:  Democratic
85th United States Congress
Members:  96 Senators 435 Representatives

The Eighty-fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1957 to January 3, 1959, during the fifth and sixth years of Dwight Eisenhower's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Seventeenth Census of the United States in 1950. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Contents

Major events

  • January 5, 1957: President Eisenhower announced the Eisenhower Doctrine in a special message to Congress
  • January 20, 1957: Inauguration of President Dwight Eisenhower and Vice President Richard Nixon for a second term
  • August 21, 1957: President Eisenhower announced a 2-year suspension of nuclear testing
  • August 28, 1957: Senator Strom Thurmond set a record for the longest filibuster with his 24-hour, 18-minute speech against the Civil Rights Act of 1957
  • September 24, 1957: Little Rock Crisis: President Eisenhower sent federal troops to Arkansas to provide safe passage into Central High School for the Little Rock Nine.
  • October 4, 1957: The Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite to orbit the earth
  • October 21, 1957: The U.S. military sustained its first combat fatality in Vietnam
  • November 7, 1957: Gaither Report called for more American missiles and fallout shelters
  • November 25, 1957: President Eisenhower had a stroke
  • January 31, 1958: U.S. launched its first satellite, Explorer 1
  • July 15, 1958: U.S intervenes in the Lebanon Crisis, the first major application of the Eisenhower Doctorine.
  • October 1, 1958: NASA started operations
  • Major legislation

  • August 14, 1957: Airways Modernization Act, Pub.L. 85–133, 71 Stat. 349
  • September 2, 1957: Price-Anderson Nuclear Industries Indemnity Act, Pub.L. 85–256, 71 Stat. 576
  • September 9, 1957: Civil Rights Act of 1957, Pub.L. 85–315, 71 Stat. 634
  • July 29, 1958: National Aeronautics and Space Act, Pub.L. 85–568, 72 Stat. 426
  • 1958: Transportation Act of 1958, Pub.L. 85–625
  • August 23, 1958: Federal Aviation Act of 1958, Pub.L. 85–726, 72 Stat. 731
  • August 28, 1958: EURATOM Cooperation Act of 1958, Pub.L. 85–846, 72 Stat. 1084
  • August 28, 1958: Military Construction Appropriation Act (Advanced Research Projects Agency), Pub.L. 85–852, 72 Stat. 1096
  • September 2, 1958: National Defense Education Act, Pub.L. 85–864, 72 Stat. 1580
  • 1958: Department of Defense Reorganization Act, Pub.L. 85–899
  • 1958: Pasatore-Walter Immigration Act
  • States admitted

  • January 3, 1959: Alaska was admitted as the 49th state.
  • House of Representatives

  • Democratic (D): 234 (majority)
  • Republican (R): 201
  • TOTAL: 435

    Senate

  • President of the Senate: Richard Nixon (R)
  • President pro tempore: Carl Hayden (D)
  • Majority (Democratic) leadership

  • Majority Leader and Conference Chairman: Lyndon B. Johnson
  • Majority Whip: Mike Mansfield
  • Caucus Secretary: Thomas C. Hennings Jr.
  • Minority (Republican) leadership

  • Minority Leader: William F. Knowland
  • Minority Whip: Everett Dirksen
  • Conference Chairman: Leverett Saltonstall
  • Republican Conference Secretary: Milton Young
  • Policy Committee Chairman: Styles Bridges
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Sam Rayburn (D)
  • Majority (Democratic) leadership

  • Majority Leader: John William McCormack
  • Majority Whip: Carl Albert
  • Caucus Chairman: Charles Melvin Price
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Michael J. Kirwan
  • Minority (Republican) leadership

  • Minority Leader: Joseph William Martin, Jr.
  • Minority Whip: Leslie C. Arends
  • Conference Chairman: Charles B. Hoeven
  • Caucuses

  • House Democratic Caucus
  • Senate

    Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. Senators in each state are listed in order of seniority, except for replacements, who appear below the senator they replace.

    Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.

    Senate

  • Aeronautical and Space Sciences
  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Appropriations
  • Banking and Currency
  • District of Columbia
  • Finance
  • Foreign Relations
  • Foreign Aid Program (Special)
  • Government Operations
  • Interior and Insular Affairs
  • Interstate and Foreign Commerce
  • Judiciary
  • Labor and Public Welfare
  • Labor-Management Relations (Select)
  • Political Activities, Lobbying and Campaign Contributions (Special)
  • Post Office and Civil Service
  • Preserve Historical Records of the Senate (Special)
  • Public Works
  • Senate Reception Room (Special)
  • Small Business (Select)
  • Space and Aeronautics (Special)
  • Subcommittee on Internal Security
  • Whole
  • House of Representatives

  • Agriculture
  • Appropriations
  • Astronautics and Space Exploration (Select)
  • Banking and Currency
  • District of Columbia
  • Education and Labor
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Government Operations
  • House Administration
  • Interior and Insular Affairs
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries
  • Post Office and Civil Service
  • Public Works
  • Rules
  • Small Business (Select)
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Un-American Activities
  • Veterans' Affairs
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Atomic Energy
  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Construction of a Building for a Museum of History and Technology for the Smithsonian
  • Defense Production
  • Disposition of Executive Papers
  • Economic
  • Immigration and Nationality Policy
  • Legislative Budget
  • The Library
  • Navajo-Hopi Indian Administration
  • Printing
  • Reduction of Nonessential Federal Expenditures
  • Taxation
  • Washington (DC) Metropolitan Problems
  • Legislative branch agency directors

  • Architect of the Capitol: J. George Stewart
  • Attending Physician of the United States Congress: George Calver
  • Comptroller General of the United States: Joseph Campbell
  • Librarian of Congress: Lawrence Quincy Mumford
  • Public Printer of the United States: Raymond Blattenberger
  • Senate

  • Chaplain: Frederick Brown Harris, Methodist
  • Parliamentarian: Charles Watkins
  • Secretary: Felton McLellan Johnston
  • Sergeant at Arms: Joseph C. Duke
  • House of Representatives

  • Clerk: Ralph R. Roberts
  • Doorkeeper: William Mosley "Fishbait" Miller
  • Parliamentarian: Lewis Deschler
  • Postmaster: H. H. Morris
  • Sergeant at Arms: Zeake W. Johnson, Jr., elected January 3, 1957
  • Chaplain: Bernard Braskamp (Presbyterian)
  • References

    85th United States Congress Wikipedia


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