Suvarna Garge (Editor)

83rd United States Congress

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Covid-19
Senate Pres. pro tem:  Styles Bridges (R)
House Majority:  Republican
Senate Majority:  Republican
83rd United States Congress
Senate President  Alben W. Barkley (D) until January 20, 1953 Richard Nixon (R) from January 20, 1953
House Speaker:  Joseph William Martin, Jr. (R)
Members:  96 Senators 435 Representatives 3 Non-voting members

The Eighty-third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1953 to January 3, 1955, during the first two years of the first administration of U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower.

Contents

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Seventeenth Census of the United States in 1950.

Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Major events

  • January 20, 1953: Dwight Eisenhower is sworn in as President of the United States in his first inauguration
  • March 1, 1954: U.S. Capitol shooting incident
  • December 2, 1954: Joseph McCarthy is censured by the U.S. Senate
  • Major legislation

  • July 3, 1953: Small Business Act, Pub.L. 83–163, ch. 282, 67 Stat. 232
  • August 7, 1953: Refugee Relief Act, Pub.L. 83–203
  • August 7, 1953: Submerged Lands Act, ch. 345, 67 Stat. 462
  • August 14, 1953: Public Law 280, Pub.L. 83–280, 18 U.S.C. § 1162
  • May 13, 1954: Saint Lawrence Seaway Act, ch. 201, 68 Stat. 92
  • August 12, 1954: Federal National Mortgage Association Charter Act, ch. 649, title II, §201, 68 Stat. 612
  • August 13, 1954: Multiple Mineral Development Act, ch. 730, 68 Stat. 708
  • August 16, 1954: Internal Revenue Code of 1954, Pub.L. 83–591, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 3
  • Federal Unemployment Tax Act, §1(d), 68A Stat. 439
  • National Firearms Act, §1(d), 68A Stat. 721
  • August 24, 1954: Communist Control Act of 1954, ch. 886, 68 Stat. 775
  • August 30, 1954: Atomic Energy Act of 1954, 68 Stat. 919
  • 1954: Agricultural Act of 1954
  • 1954: Water Facilities Act of 1954
  • House of Representatives

    221 Republicans, 213 Democrats, 1 Independent

    Total Membership: 435 Representatives, 2 Delegates, 1 Resident Commissioner

    Senate

  • President: Alben W. Barkley (D), until January 20, 1953
  • Richard M. Nixon (R), from January 20, 1953
  • President pro tempore: Styles Bridges (R)
  • Majority (Republican) leadership

  • Majority Leader: Robert A. Taft, until July 31, 1953 (died)
  • William F. Knowland, from August 3, 1953
  • Majority Whip: Leverett Saltonstall
  • Conference Chairman: Eugene Millikin
  • Republican Conference Secretary: Milton Young
  • National Senatorial Committee Chair: Everett Dirksen
  • Policy Committee Chairman: William F. Knowland, until August 4, 1953
  • Homer S. Ferguson, after August 4, 1953
  • Minority (Democratic) leadership

  • Minority Leader and Conference Chairman: Lyndon B. Johnson
  • Minority Whip: Earle C. Clements
  • Caucus Secretary: Thomas C. Hennings Jr.
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Joseph W. Martin, Jr. (R)
  • Majority (Republican) leadership

  • Majority Leader: Charles A. Halleck
  • Majority Whip: Leslie C. Arends
  • Conference Chairman: Clifford R. Hope
  • Minority (Democratic) leadership

  • Minority Leader: Sam Rayburn
  • Minority Whip: John William McCormack
  • Caucus Chairman: Wilbur Mills
  • Caucus Secretary: Edna F. Kelly
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Michael J. Kirwan
  • Caucuses

  • House Democratic Caucus
  • Senate

    Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Within each state, senators are listed in order of seniority. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

    Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.

    Senate

  • Agriculture and Forestry ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Appropriations ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Banking and Currency ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Censure Charges against Senator McCarthy (Select) ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Compensation of Members of Congress (Select) ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • District of Columbia ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Finance ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Foreign Relations ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Government Operations ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Interior and Insular Affairs ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Interstate and Foreign Commerce ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Judiciary ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Labor and Public Welfare ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Mail Cover on Senators (Special) ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Post Office and Civil Service ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Public Works ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Small Business (Select) ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Subcommittee on Internal Security ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Whole
  • House of Representatives

  • Agriculture ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Appropriations ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Banking and Currency ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Benefits for Dependents of Armed Services Veterans (Select) ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Defense Production ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • District of Columbia ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Education and Labor ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Foreign Affairs ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • House Administration ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Investigate the Incorporation of the Baltic States into the U.S.S.R. (Select) ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Interior and Insular Affairs ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Government Operations ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Post Office and Civil Service ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Public Works ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Rules ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Small Business (Select) ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Standards of Official Conduct ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Un-American Activities ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Veterans' Affairs ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Ways and Means ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Atomic Energy ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special) ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Disposition of Executive Papers ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Economic ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Immigration and Nationality Policy ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Legislative Budget ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • The Library ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Navajo-Hopi Indian Administration ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Printing ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Railroad Retirement Legislation ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Reduction of Nonessential Federal Expenditures ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Taxation ([[]], Chair; [[]], Ranking Member)
  • Legislative branch agency directors

  • Architect of the Capitol: David Lynn (January 3, 1953-September 30, 1954); J. George Stewart (September 30, 1954-January 3, 1955)
  • Attending Physician of the United States Congress: George Calver
  • Comptroller General of the United States: Lindsay C. Warren (until April 30, 1954), Joseph Campbell (starting December 14, 1954)
  • Librarian of Congress: Luther H. Evans (until 1953), Lawrence Quincy Mumford (starting 1954)
  • Public Printer of the United States: John J. Deviny (until 1953), Raymond Blattenberger (starting 1953)
  • Senate

  • Chaplain: Frederick Brown Harris (Methodist)
  • Parliamentarian: Charles Watkins
  • Secretary: J. Mark Trice
  • Sergeant at Arms: Forest A. Harness
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain: Bernard Braskamp
  • Clerk: Lyle O. Snader
  • Doorkeeper: Tom Kennamer
  • Parliamentarian: Lewis Deschler
  • Postmaster: Beecher Hess
  • Sergeant at Arms: William F. Russell, died July 7, 1953
  • Lyle O. Snader, July 8, 1953 – September 15, 1953
  • William R. Bonnell, from September 15, 1953
  • References

    83rd United States Congress Wikipedia


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