| 32|| Republican (23-9)|
| New York, United States|
January 1 – December 31, 1860
Lt. Gov. Robert Campbell (R)
Nathan Lapham (R), from January 25
The 83rd New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 3 to April 17, 1860, during the second year of Edwin D. Morgan's governorship, in Albany.
83rd New York State Legislature Wikipedia
Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1846, 32 Senators and 128 assemblymen were elected in single-seat districts; senators for a two-year term, assemblymen for a one-year term. The senatorial districts were made up of entire counties, except New York County (four districts) and Kings County (two districts). The Assembly districts were made up of entire towns, or city wards, forming a contiguous area, all within the same county.
At this time there were two major political parties: the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. The Know Nothings, or "American Party," endorsed either Republican or Democratic nominees.
The New York state election, 1859 was held on November 8. The nine statewide elective offices were carried by six Republicans and three Democrats. The approximate party strength at this election, as gathered from the vote for State officers was: Republican 251,000; Democratic 227,000; and American 25,000. The Americans did not nominate own candidates, but endorsed five Republicans and four Democrats on their State ticket. This led to easy elections of the endorsed Republicans, but very tight races for the endorsed Democrats, three of whom were elected by very slim majorities.
The Legislature met for the regular session at the Old State Capitol in Albany on January 3, 1860; and adjourned on April 17.
DeWitt C. Littlejohn (R) was re-elected Speaker with 89 votes against 30 for Theophilus C. Callicot (D).
On January 25, Nathan Lapham (R) was elected President pro tempore of the State Senate.
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature. Francis B. Spinola, Lyman Truman, Alexander B. Williams and Erastus S. Prosser were re-elected. Edward A. Lawrence and Thomas A. Gardiner changed from the Assembly to the Senate.
Party affiliations follow the vote on Senate officers.Clerk: James Terwilliger
Deputy Clerk: Loren B. Sessions
Sergeant-at-Arms: James C. Clark
Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms: George H. Knapp
Doorkeeper: Peter Kilmer
First Assistant Doorkeeper: Charles Johnson
Second Assistant Doorkeeper: John H. France
Third Assistant Doorkeeper: Caspar Walter
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.
Party affiliations follow the vote for Speaker.Clerk: William Richardson
Assistant Clerk: Luther Caldwell
Sergeant-at-Arms: Eleazer A. Williams
Doorkeeper: Joseph Ball
First Assistant Doorkeeper: Charles L. Curtis
Second Assistant Doorkeeper: Bradford Davis
Journal Clerk: Cornelius S. Underwood
Engrossing Clerk: Henry S. Crandall
Senior Deputy Clerk: John A. Haddock