Neha Patil (Editor)

82nd United States Congress

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Covid-19
Senate President  Alben W. Barkley (D)
House Speaker:  Sam Rayburn (D)
House Majority:  Democratic
Senate Pres. pro tem:  Kenneth McKellar (D)
Senate Majority:  Democratic
82nd United States Congress
Members:  96 Senators 435 Representatives 3 Non-voting members

The Eighty-second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1951 to January 3, 1953, during the last two years of the second administration of U.S. President Harry S. Truman.

Contents

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Sixteenth Census of the United States in 1940. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Major events

  • March 29, 1951: Ethel and Julius Rosenberg are convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage. On April 5 they are sentenced to receive the death penalty.
  • April 11, 1951: U.S. President Harry S Truman relieves General Douglas MacArthur of his Far Eastern commands.
  • September 5, 1951: Treaty of San Francisco: In San Francisco, California, 48 nations sign a peace treaty with Japan to formally end the Pacific War.
  • October 24, 1951: U.S. President Harry Truman declares an official end to war with Germany.
  • November 10, 1951: Direct dial coast-to-coast telephone service begins in the United States.
  • December 31, 1951: The Marshall Plan expires after distributing more than $13.3 billion USD in foreign aid to rebuild Europe.
  • March 29, 1952: U.S. President Harry S. Truman announces that he will not seek reelection.
  • June 19, 1952: The Special Forces are created.
  • July 25, 1952: Puerto Rico became a Commonwealth of the United States, an unincorporated organized territory, with the ratification of its constitution.
  • November 4, 1952: United States presidential election, 1952: Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower defeats Democrat Adlai Stevenson, and the National Security Agency is founded.
  • Major legislation

  • October 10, 1951: Mutual Security Act, ch. 479, 65 Stat. 373
  • June 27, 1952: Immigration and Nationality Act (McCarran-Walter Act), Pub.L. 82–414
  • July 14, 1952: McGuire Act, Pub.L. 82–542, 15 U.S.C. § 42(a)
  • July 16, 1952: Veterans' Readjustment Assistance Act, Pub.L. 82–550
  • July 16, 1952: Federal Coal Mine Safety Act Amendments of 1952, Pub.L. 82–552
  • July 16, 1952: Wire Fraud Act of 1952, Pub.L. 82–555
  • Treaties

  • March 20, 1952: Treaty of San Francisco ratified
  • House of Representatives

  • Democratic: 235 (majority)
  • Republican: 199
  • Independent: 1
  • TOTAL: 435

    Senate

  • President of the Senate: Alben W. Barkley (D)
  • President pro tempore: Kenneth McKellar (D)
  • Majority (Democratic) party

  • Majority leader: Ernest McFarland
  • Majority whip: Lyndon Johnson
  • Caucus Secretary: Brien McMahon
  • Minority (Republican) party

  • Minority leader: Kenneth S. Wherry, until January 8, 1952
  • Styles Bridges, from January 8, 1952
  • Minority whip: Leverett Saltonstall
  • Conference Chairman: Eugene Millikin
  • Republican Conference Secretary: Milton Young
  • National Senatorial Committee Chair: Owen Brewster
  • Policy Committee Chairman: Robert A. Taft
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Sam Rayburn (D)
  • Majority (Democratic) party

  • Majority leader: John W. McCormack
  • Majority whip: J. Percy Priest
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: Jere Cooper
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Michael J. Kirwan
  • Minority (Republican) party

  • Minority leader: Joseph W. Martin, Jr.
  • Minority whip: Leslie C. Arends
  • Republican Conference Chairman: Clifford R. Hope
  • Caucuses

  • House Democratic Caucus
  • Senate

    Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

    House of Representatives

    The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

    Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.

    Senate

  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Appropriations
  • Banking and Currency
  • District of Columbia
  • Expenditures in Executive Departments
  • Finance
  • Foreign Relations
  • Interior and Insular Affairs
  • Interstate and Foreign Commerce
  • Government Operations
  • Judiciary
  • Labor and Public Welfare
  • Organized Crime in Interstate Commerce (Select)
  • Post Office and Civil Service
  • Public Works
  • Remodeling the Senate Chamber (Special)
  • Small Business (Select)
  • Subcommittee on Internal Security
  • Whole
  • House of Representatives

  • Agriculture
  • Appropriations
  • Banking and Currency
  • District of Columbia
  • Education and Labor
  • Expenditures in the Executive Departments
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Government Operations
  • House Administration
  • Interior and Insular Affairs
  • Katyn Forest Massacre Investigation (Select)
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries
  • Post Office and Civil Service
  • Public Works
  • Rules
  • Small Business (Select)
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Un-American Activities
  • Veterans' Affairs
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Atomic Energy
  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Defense Production
  • Disposition of Executive Papers
  • Economic
  • Immigration and Nationality Policy
  • Legislative Budget
  • The Library
  • Navajo-Hopi Indian Administration
  • Printing
  • Railroad Retirement Legislation
  • Reduction of Nonessential Federal Expenditures
  • Taxation
  • Legislative branch agency directors

  • Architect of the Capitol: David Lynn
  • Attending Physician of the United States Congress: George Calver
  • Comptroller General of the United States: Lindsay C. Warren
  • Librarian of Congress: Luther H. Evans
  • Public Printer of the United States: John J. Deviny
  • Senate

  • Chaplain: Frederick Brown Harris (Methodist)
  • Parliamentarian: Charles Watkins
  • Secretary: Leslie Biffle
  • Sergeant at Arms: Joseph C. Duke
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain: Bernard Braskamp (Presbyterian)
  • Clerk: Ralph R. Roberts
  • Doorkeeper: William Mosley "Fishbait" Miller
  • Parliamentarian: Lewis Deschler
  • Postmaster: Finis E. Scott
  • Sergeant at Arms: Joseph H. Callahan
  • References

    82nd United States Congress Wikipedia


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