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8.8 cm Flak 16

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Covid-19
Type  Anti-aircraft gun
In service  1917-1918
Wars  World War I
Place of origin  German Empire
Used by  German Empire
Designed  1916
8.8 cm Flak 16

The 8.8 cm Flak 16 was a German 88 mm anti-aircraft artillery gun from World War I, the forerunner of the later 88 mm guns of World War II. Its contemporary name was the 8.8cm K.Zugflak L/45.

Development

Early anti-aircraft artillery guns of World War I were primarily adaptations of existing medium-caliber weapons, mounted to enable fire at higher angles. By 1915, the German military command realized that these were useless for anything beyond deterrence, even against vulnerable balloons and slow-moving aircraft. With the increase of aircraft performance, many armies developed dedicated AA guns with a high muzzle velocity – allowing the projectiles to reach greater altitudes. The first such German gun, the Flak 16, was introduced in 1917, using the 88 mm caliber, common in the Kaiserliche Marine.

References

8.8 cm Flak 16 Wikipedia


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