Trisha Shetty (Editor)

78th United States Congress

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Covid-19
Senate President  Henry A. Wallace (D)
House Speaker:  Sam Rayburn (D)
House Majority:  Democratic
Senate Pres. pro tem:  Carter Glass (D)
Senate Majority:  Democratic
78th United States Congress
Members:  96 Senators 435 Representatives 4 Non-voting members

The Seventy-eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1943 to January 3, 1945, during the last two years of Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Sixteenth Census of the United States in 1940. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Contents

Major events

  • World War II continued (1941–1945)
  • June 6, 1944: Battle of Normandy
  • November 7, 1944: General elections:
  • President Roosevelt was re-elected to a fourth term.
  • Senate Democrats kept their majority despite 1-seat net loss.
  • House Democrats increased their majority with a 20-seat net gain.
  • Major legislation

  • December 17, 1943: Magnuson Act (Chinese Exclusion Repeal Act of 1943), Sess. 1, ch. 344, 57 Stat. 600
  • February 3, 1944: Mustering-out Payment Act, Sess. 2, Pub.L. 78–225, 58 Stat. 8
  • June 6, 1944: Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 (G.I. Bill), Sess. 2, ch. 268, Pub.L. 78–345, 58 Stat. 284
  • June 27, 1944: Veterans' Preference Act, Sess. 2, ch. 287, Pub.L. 78–359, 58 Stat. 387
  • July 1, 1944: Public Health Service Act, Sess. 2, ch. 373, 58 Stat. 682
  • December 22, 1944: Pick-Sloan Flood Control Act, Sess. 2, ch. 665, Pub.L. 78–534, 58 Stat. 887
  • House of Representatives

  • Democratic (D): 222 (majority)
  • Republican (R): 209
  • Progressive (P): 2
  • Labor (AL): 1
  • Farmer-Labor (F-L): 1
  • TOTAL members: 435

    Leaders

    [ Section contents: Senate: Majority (D), Minority (R) • House: Majority (D), Minority (R) ]

    Senate

  • President: Henry A. Wallace (D)
  • President pro tempore: Carter Glass (D)
  • Majority (Democratic) leadership

  • Majority Leader: Alben W. Barkley
  • Majority Whip: Lister Hill
  • Caucus Secretary: Francis T. Maloney
  • Minority (Republican) leadership

  • Minority Leader: Charles L. McNary, until February 25, 1944
  • Wallace H. White, Jr., after February 25, 1944
  • Minority whip: No Republican whips were appointed from 1935 to 1944 since only 17 Republicans were in the Senate following the landslide reelection of President Franklin Roosevelt in 1936. Accordingly, the minutes of the Republican Conference for the period state: "On motion of Senator Hastings, duly seconded and carried, it was agreed that no Assistant Leader or Whip be elected but that the chairman be authorized to appoint Senators from time to time to assist him in taking charge of the interests of the minority." A note attached to the conference minutes added: "The chairman of the conference, Senator McNary, apparently appointed Senator Austin of Vermont as assistant leader in 1943 and 1944, until the conference adopted Rules of Organization."
  • Republican Conference Secretary: Wallace H. White, Jr., until February 25, 1944
  • Harold Hitz Burton (from February 25, 1944)
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Sam Rayburn (D)
  • Majority (Democratic) leadership

  • Majority Leader: John William McCormack
  • Majority whip: Robert Ramspeck
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: Harry R. Sheppard
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Patrick H. Drewry
  • Minority (Republican) leadership

  • Minority Leader: Joseph William Martin, Jr.
  • Minority whip: Harry Lane Englebright, until May 13, 1943
  • Leslie C. Arends, from May 13, 1943
  • Republican Conference Chairman: Roy O. Woodruff
  • Senate

    Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

    House of Representatives

    The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

    Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.

    Senate

  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Appropriations
  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • Banking and Currency
  • Campaign Expenditures Investigation, 1944 (Special)
  • Centralization of Heavy Industry in the United States (Select)
  • Civil Service
  • Civil Service Laws (Special)
  • Claims
  • Commerce
  • District of Columbia
  • Education and Labor
  • Wartime Health and Education
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in Executive Departments
  • Finance
  • Foreign Relations
  • Fuel Situation in the Middle West (Special)
  • Gasoline and Fuel Oil Shortages (Special)
  • Immigration
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Interoceanic Canals
  • Interstate Commerce
  • Investigate the National Defense Program (Special)
  • Judiciary
  • Library
  • Manufactures
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Petroleum Resources (Special)
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Post-War Economic Policy and Planning (Special)
  • Printing
  • Privileges and Elections
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands and Surveys
  • Rules
  • Senatorial Campaign Expenditures (Special)
  • Small Business Enterprises (Special)
  • Territories and Insular Affairs
  • Whole
  • Wildlife Resources (Special)
  • Wool Production (Special)
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Agriculture
  • Appropriations
  • Banking and Currency
  • Census
  • Civil Service
  • Claims
  • Coinage, Weights and Measures
  • Disposition of Executive Papers
  • District of Columbia
  • Education
  • Election of the President, Vice President and Representatives in Congress
  • Elections
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in the Executive Departments
  • Flood Control
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Insular Affairs
  • Interstate and Foreign Commerce
  • Invalid Pensions
  • Irrigation and Reclamation
  • Labor
  • Memorials
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands
  • Revision of Laws
  • Rivers and Harbors
  • Roads
  • Rules
  • Small Business (Select)
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Territories
  • War Claims
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Commemorate the Cenntennial of the Telegraph
  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Disposition of (Useless) Executive Papers
  • The Library
  • Reduction of Nonessential Federal Expenditures
  • Organization of Congress
  • Selective Service Deferments
  • Taxation
  • Legislative branch agency directors

  • Architect of the Capitol: David Lynn
  • Attending Physician of the United States Congress: George Calver
  • Comptroller General of the United States: Lindsay C. Warren
  • Librarian of Congress: Archibald MacLeish (until 1944)
  • Public Printer of the United States: Augustus E. Giegengack
  • Senate

  • Chaplain: Frederick Brown Harris (Methodist)
  • Parliamentarian: Charles Watkins
  • Secretary: Edwin A. Halsey
  • Sergeant at Arms: Wall Doxey
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain: James Shera Montgomery (Methodist)
  • Clerk: South Trimble
  • Doorkeeper: Ralph R. Roberts
  • Parliamentarian: Lewis Deschler
  • Sergeant at Arms: Kenneth Romney
  • References

    78th United States Congress Wikipedia


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