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78th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment

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Country  United States
Branch  Infantry
Allegiance  Union
78th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment
Active  September 1, 1862 to June 7, 1865
Campaigns  Tullahoma Campaign Chickamauga Campaign Chattanooga Campaign Atlanta Campaign Sherman's March to the Sea Carolinas Campaign

The 78th Illinois Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.



The 78th Illinois Infantry Regiment Regiment was organized at Quincy, Illinois in Adams County, mustering in on September 1, 1862. The 78th Illinois then left the state by way of the steamboat along the Mississippi River for Louisville, Kentucky, arriving on September 19, 1862. The 78th Illinois Infantry Regiment Regiment was organized at Quincy, Illinois in Adams County. The 78th Illinois Infantry Regiment, would see all of its wartime duty in the Western Theater of the American Civil War.

The 78th Illinois was originally attached to 39th Brigade, 12th Division, Army of the Ohio. The regiment went through a series of reassignments; first in November 1862 to Gilbert's Command, District of Western Kentucky, Department of the Ohio. While in Franklin, Tennessee, in February 1863 the regiment was assigned to the Army of Kentucky, Department of the Cumberland. In June 1863, another reassignment assigned the 78th Illinois to the 2nd Brigade, 1st Division Reserve Corps, Army of the Cumberland. The final reorganization would come in October 1863, assigning the regiment to the 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XIV Corps.

The regiment received the blue United States uniform, typical of the civil war. Initially, the regiment was armed with .69 caliber rifled muskets, altered to use a percussion cap. In 1863, the regiment saw more modern arms provisioned to the soldiers; a mixture of the Enfield rifle and Springfield Rifle Muskets were carried. In 1864, all troops were armed with the Springfield Rifle Muskets.

Middle Tennessee Operations

February–April 1863

Tullahoma Campaign

June 24 and July 3, 1863

Chickamauga Campaign

August 16 to September 22, 1863

Chattanooga Campaign

September through November 1863September 24 — November 23, 1863 November 23 — 24, 1863 November 24 — 25, 1863 November. 26, 1863 November 29 — December 17, 1863 February 22 — 27, 1864 February 23 — 25, 1864 April 11 — 13, 1864

Atlanta Campaign

May 1 to September 8, 1864

Operations In North Georgia and North Alabama against Forest and Hood (September 29 — November 3, 1864)

Sherman's March to the Sea

November 15 to December 21, 1864

Carolinas Campaign

January through April 1865

Strength and Casualties

When the regiment mustered in on September 1, 1862 it included 862 enlisted men. The regiment suffered 9 officers and 95 enlisted men who were killed in action or mortally wounded and 117 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 221 fatalities.


The 78th Illinois Infantry Regiment Regiment was organized at Quincy, Illinois in Adams County.

Commanding Officers

  • Colonel William H. Bennison – resigned commission September 2, 1863.
  • Colonel Carter Van Vleck – died of wounds August 23, 1864.
  • Colonel Maris R. Vernon – Mustered out with the regiment.
  • Company A

    Recruited in Schuyler County, Illinois.

    Company B

    Recruited in Adams County, Illinois.

    Companies B and C were captured by, then Colonel, John Hunt Morgan during a December 26, 1862 raid at Muldraugh Hill. They were sent to St. Louis, Missouri, under terms of parole and not exchanged until October 1863, effectively reducing the regiment by two companies of infantry.

    Company C

    Recruited in McDonough County, Illinois.

    Company D

    Recruited in Hancock County, Illinois.

    Company E

    Recruited in Adams County.

    Company F

    Recruited in Adams County.

    Company G

    Recruited in Adams County.

    Company H

    Recruited in Hancock County.

    During the same raid that captured Companies B and C, Colonel Morgan attacked the Regimenal Headquarters and Company H, on the morning of December 30, 1862, in New Haven, Kentucky. The company sustained no casualties, but it was assumed that Colonel Morgan's cavalry did, but was never substantiated.

    Company I

    Recruited in McDonough County.

    Company K

    Recruited in Adams County.

    Other Wikipedia Articles and Categories

  • List of Illinois Civil War Units
  • Illinois in the American Civil War
  • References

    78th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment Wikipedia

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