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78th Battalion (Winnipeg Grenadiers), CEF

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Commanders  Lt.-Col. J.N. Semmens
78th Battalion (Winnipeg Grenadiers), CEF
Active  10 July 1915 - 15 September 1920
Commanders  Lt.-Col. J. Kirkcaldy, DSO
Commanders  Lt.-Col. J. Kirkcaldy, CMG, DSO

The 78th Battalion (Winnipeg Grenadiers), CEF was an infantry battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force during the Great War. The 78th Battalion was authorized on 10 July 1915 and embarked for Great Britain on 20 May 1916. It disembarked in France on 13 August 1916, where it fought as part of the 12th Brigade, 4th Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the armistice. The battalion was disbanded on 15 September 1920.

History

The 78th Battalion recruited in Winnipeg, Manitoba and the surrounding area and was mobilized at Winnipeg.

The 78th Battalion had three officers commanding:

  • Lt.-Col. J. Kirkcaldy, DSO, 22 May 1916 – 15 November 1917
  • Lt.-Col. J.N. Semmens 16 November 1917 – 19 March 1918
  • Lt.-Col. J. Kirkcaldy, CMG, DSO, 19 March 1918-Demobilization
  • Two members of the 78th Battalion were awarded the Victoria Cross. Lt. James Edward Tait was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions on 9 August 1918 during the Battle of Amiens. Lt. Samuel Lewis Honey was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions on 27 September 1918 during operations in the vicinity of Bourlon Wood. He had previously been awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal and the Military Medal.

    The 78th Battalion was awarded the following battle honours:

  • SOMME, 1916
  • Ancre Heights
  • Ancre, 1916
  • ARRAS, 1917, '18
  • Vimy, 1917
  • Ypres 1917
  • Passchendaele
  • AMIENS
  • Scarpe, 1918
  • Drocourt-Quéant
  • HINDENBURG LINE
  • Canal du Nord
  • VALENCIENNES
  • SAMBRE
  • FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1916-18
  • The 78th Battalion, CEF is perpetuated by The Winnipeg Grenadiers, currently on the Supplementary Order of Battle.

    References

    78th Battalion (Winnipeg Grenadiers), CEF Wikipedia


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