Harman Patil (Editor)

77th United States Congress

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Covid-19
House Speaker:  Sam Rayburn (D)
House Majority:  Democratic
Senate Majority:  Democratic
77th United States Congress
Senate President  John N. Garner (D) until January 20, 1941 Henry A. Wallace (D) from January 20, 1941
Senate Pres. pro tem:  Pat Harrison (D) until June 22, 1941) Carter Glass (D) from July 11, 1941
Members:  96 Senators 435 Representatives 4 Non-voting members

The Seventy-seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1941 to January 3, 1943, during the ninth and tenth years of Franklin Roosevelt's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Sixteenth Census of the United States in 1940. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Contents

This was the first Congress to have more than one Senate President (the Vice President of the United States), John Garner and Henry Wallace, due to the passage of the 20th amendment in 1933.

Major events

  • December 7, 1941: Attack on Pearl Harbor
  • December 8, 1941: Joint Session of Congress met to hear President Roosevelt deliver his "Day of Infamy" speech
  • December 26, 1941: Joint session of the United States Congress met in the Senate chamber for an address by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill.
  • Major legislation and resolutions

  • March 11, 1941: Lend Lease Act, Pub.L. 77–11, Sess. 1, ch. 11, 55 Stat. 31
  • August 18, 1941: Flood Control Act of 1941, Pub.L. 77–228, Sess. 1, ch. 377, 55 Stat. 638
  • December 8, 1941: Resolution— War between United States and Japan, Pub.L. 77–328, Sess. 1, ch. 561, 55 Stat. 795
  • December 11, 1941: Resolution— War between United States and Germany, Pub.L. 77–331, Sess. 1, ch. 564, 55 Stat. 796
  • December 11, 1941: Resolution— War between United States and Italy, Pub.L. 77–332, Sess. 1, ch. 565, 55 Stat. 797
  • January 30, 1942: Emergency Price Control Act of 1942, Pub.L. 77–421, Sess. 2, ch. 26, 56 Stat. 23
  • June 5, 1942: Resolution— War between United States and Bulgaria, Pub.L. 77–563, Sess. 2, ch. 323, 56 Stat. 307
  • June 5, 1942: Resolution— War between United States and Hungary, Pub.L. 77–564, Sess. 2, ch. 324, 56 Stat. 307
  • June 5, 1942: Resolution— War between United States and Romania, Pub.L. 77–565, Sess. 2, ch. 325, 56 Stat. 307
  • June 22, 1942: Resolution— United States Flag Code, including recognition of the Pledge of Allegiance, Pub.L. 77–623, Sess. 2, ch. 435, 56 Stat. 377
  • October 2, 1942: Stabilization Act of 1942, Pub.L. 77–729, Sess. 2, ch. 578, 56 Stat. 765
  • Select committees

  • Truman Committee (officially the United States Senate Special Committee to Investigate the National Defense Program)
  • Senate

  • President: John Nance Garner (D), until January 20, 1941
  • Henry A. Wallace (D), from January 20, 1941
  • President pro tempore: Pat Harrison (D), until June 22, 1941
  • Carter Glass (D), from July 10, 1941
  • Majority (Democratic) leadership

  • Majority leader: Alben W. Barkley
  • Majority Whip: Lister Hill
  • Caucus Secretary: Joshua B. Lee
  • Minority (Republican) leadership

  • Minority leader: Charles L. McNary
  • Republican Conference Secretary: Wallace H. White, Jr.
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Sam Rayburn (D)
  • Majority (Democratic) leadership

  • Majority leader: John William McCormack
  • Democratic Whip: Patrick J. Boland, until May 18, 1942
  • Robert Ramspeck
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: Richard M. Duncan
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Patrick H. Drewry
  • Minority (Republican) leadership

  • Minority leader: Joseph William Martin, Jr.
  • Republican Whip: Harry Lane Englebright, until May 13, 1943
  • Republican Conference Chairman: Roy O. Woodruff
  • House of Representatives

  • 267 Democratic
  • 162 Republican
  • 3 Progressive
  • 1 American Labor
  • 1 Farmer-Labor
  • 1 Independent Democrat
  • Total 435

    Senate

    Senators are elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

    Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.

    Senate

  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Agricultural Labor Shortages in the West (Special)
  • Appropriations
  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • Banking and Currency
  • Civil Service
  • Civil Service Laws (Special)
  • Claims
  • Commerce
  • District of Columbia
  • Education and Labor
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in Executive Departments
  • Finance
  • Foreign Relations
  • Fiscal Affairs of the Government (Special)
  • Fuel Situation in the Middle West (Special)
  • Fuels in the Areas West of the Mississippi (Special)
  • Gasoline and Fuel Oil Shortages (Special)
  • Immigration
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Interoceanic Canals
  • Interstate Commerce
  • Investigate the National Defense Program (Special)
  • Judiciary
  • Library
  • Manufactures
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Old-Age Pension System (Select)
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Printing
  • Privileges and Elections
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands and Surveys
  • Rules
  • Senatorial Campaign Expenditures (Special)
  • Small Business Enterprises (Special)
  • Territories and Insular Affairs
  • Whole
  • Wildlife Resources (Special)
  • Wool Production (Special)
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Agriculture
  • Air Accidents (Select)
  • Appropriations
  • Banking and Currency
  • Census
  • Civil Service
  • Claims
  • Coinage, Weights and Measures
  • Disposition of Executive Papers
  • District of Columbia
  • Education
  • Election of the President, Vice President and Representatives in Congress
  • Elections
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in the Executive Departments
  • Flood Control
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Insular Affairs
  • Interstate and Foreign Commerce
  • Invalid Pensions
  • Irrigation and Reclamation
  • Labor
  • Memorials
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands
  • Revision of Laws
  • Rivers and Harbors
  • Roads
  • Rules
  • Small Business (Select)
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Territories
  • War Claims
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Disposition of (Useless) Executive Papers
  • Eradication of the Meditteranean Fruit Fly
  • Forestry
  • The Library
  • Reduction of Nonessential Federal Expenditures
  • Taxation
  • To Investigate Phosphate Resource of the United States
  • Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol: David Lynn
  • Attending Physician of the United States Congress: George Calver
  • Comptroller General of the United States: Lindsay C. Warren
  • Librarian of Congress: Archibald MacLeish
  • Public Printer of the United States: Augustus E. Giegengack
  • Senate

  • Secretary: Edwin A. Halsey
  • Sergeant at Arms: Chesley W. Jurney
  • Parliamentarian: Charles Watkins
  • Chaplain: ZeBarney Thorne Phillips (until October 9, 1942), Frederick Brown Harris (after October 10, 1942)
  • House

  • Clerk: South Trimble
  • Sergeant at Arms: Kenneth Romney
  • Parliamentarian: Lewis Deschler
  • Reading Clerks: Irving Swanson
  • Chief Administrative Officer:
  • Doorkeeper of the House: Joseph J. Sinnott
  • Postmaster: Finis E. Scott
  • Chaplain: James Shera Montgomery (Methodist)
  • References

    77th United States Congress Wikipedia


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