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774th Expeditionary Airlift Squadron

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Covid-19
Country  United States
Role  Airlift
774th Expeditionary Airlift Squadron
Active  1943-1945; 1953-1971; 1972-1993; unknown
Branch  United States Air Force
Part of  455th Expeditionary Operations Group
Engagements  World War II - EAME Theater Vietnam War Afghanistan Campaign

The 774th Expeditionary Airlift Squadron is a provisional United States Air Force unit, assigned to the 455th Expeditionary Operations Group at Bagram Air Base, Afghanistan. The squadron provides airlift to forces engaged in the War in Afghanistan.

Contents

During World War II, the 774th Bombardment Squadron was a B-17 Flying Fortress squadron, assigned to the 463d Bombardment Group of Fifteenth Air Force. It earned two Distinguished Unit Citations.

World War II

Established in mid-1943 as a B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombardment squadron; assigned to Second Air Force for training. Attached in late 1943 and early 1944 to Air University Army Air Force School of Applied Tactics. Deployed to Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO) in February 1944, squadron taking the South Atlantic Transport Route though the Caribbean and South America; transiting the Atlantic Ocean via Brazil and Dakar, French West Africa, being assigned to Fifteenth Air Force in March 1944 at several airfields in Southern Italy.

Engaged in long-range strategic bombardment of enemy military, industrial and transport targets, including oil refineries and production oilfields in Italy; France; Southern Germany; Austria and the Balkans. Continued strategic bombardment until German capitulation in May 1945. Demobilized in place in Italy during the summer of 1945; inactivated in September 1945.

Airlift operations

Reactivated as a Tactical Air Command Troop Carrier squadron in June 1953, assigned C-119 Flying Boxcars. Engaged in transport of equipment and supplies; including support of Army Airborne parachute units throughout the 1950s and early 1960s. Equipped with new C-130A Hercules in 1956, the squadron also operated a TAC-sponsored flight demonstration team during the late 1950s and early 1960s known as "The Four Horsemen," utilizing four C-130A aircraft.

Deployed to Pacific Air Forces in 1966, being stationed in the Philippines. Engaged in airlift missions between the Philippines and South Vietnam, airlifting supplies and equipment to airfields in the combat areas; evacuating wounded personnel to hospitals at Clark Air Base. Remained in the Western Pacific until 1971 when inactivated as part of the drawdown of United States forces in the region.

Reactivated at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas as a theater airlift squadron in June 1972, initially under Tactical Air Command, later Military Airlift Command and lastly Air Mobility Command. Deployed frequently to Europe or the Pacific, performing intra-theater airlift missions with C-130s. Inactivated in October 1993 as part of the drawdown of the USAF after the end of the Cold War.

Redesignated 774th Expeditionary Airlift Squadron, converted to provisional status in 2001 and allotted to Air Combat Command to activate or inactivate as needed.

Lineage

  • Constituted as the 774th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 19 May 1943
  • Activated on 1 August 1943 Redesignated 774th Bombardment Squadron, Heavy c. 29 September 1944 Inactivated on 25 September 1945
  • Redesignated 774th Troop Carrier Squadron, Medium on 1 December 1952
  • Activated on 16 January 1953 Redesignated: 774th Troop Carrier Squadron, Assault on 18 December 1961 Redesignated: 774th Troop Carrier Squadron, Medium on 15 May 1965 Redesignated: 774th Troop Carrier Squadron on 1 January 1967 Redesignated: 774th Tactical Airlift Squadron on 1 August 1967 Inactivated on 15 June 1971 Activated on 1 June 1972
  • Redesignated 774th Airlift Squadron on 1 November 1991
  • Inactivated on 1 October 1993
  • Redesignated 774th Expeditionary Airlift Squadron and converted to provisional status, on 4 December 2001
  • Activated on 20 April 2002
  • Inactivated on 18 March 2003 Activated on 4 October 2004

    Assignments

  • 463d Bombardment Group, 1 August 1943 – 25 September 1945
  • 463d Troop Carrier Group, 16 January 1953
  • 463d Troop Carrier Wing, 25 September 1957
  • 840th Air Division, 23 November 1965
  • 463d Troop Carrier Wing (later 463d Tactical Airlift Wing), 7 February 1966 – 15 June 1971
  • 463d Tactical Airlift Wing, 1 June 1972 (attached to: 513th Tactical Airlift Wing, 5 September – 15 November 1974, 322d Tactical Airlift Wing, 12 October – 15 December 1973)
  • 463d Operations Group, 1 November 1991 – 1 October 1993
  • Air Combat Command to activate or inactivate at any time after 4 December 2001
  • Aircraft

  • Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, 1943–1945
  • Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar, 1953–1957
  • Lockheed C-130 Hercules, 1956–1962; 1963–1971; 1972–1993
  • References

    774th Expeditionary Airlift Squadron Wikipedia


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