Puneet Varma

75th United States Congress

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedIn
Senate President  John N. Garner (D)
Senate Majority:  Democratic
Senate Pres. pro tem:  Key Pittman (D)
House Majority:  Democratic
75th United States Congress
House Speaker:  William B. Bankhead (D)
Members:  96 Senators 435 Representatives 5 Non-voting members

The Seventy-fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1937 to January 3, 1939, during the first two years of the second administration of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. (Because of the 20th amendment, starting in 1937 the new Presidential term began 17 days after that of the new Congress). The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fifteenth United States Census, conducted in 1930. Both chambers had a Democratic supermajority.

Contents

Major events

  • January 20, 1937: Second inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt as President and John Nance Garner as Vice President
  • February 5, 1937: President Franklin Roosevelt's court-packing plan proposed
  • March 26, 1937: William Henry Hastie becomes the first African-American appointed to a federal judgeship.
  • April 12, 1937: National Labor Relations Board v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation: The Supreme Court of the United States ruled the National Labor Relations Act constitutional.
  • July 22, 1937: Senate rejects the court-packing plan
  • October 5, 1937: Roosevelt delivers the Quarantine Speech
  • Major legislation

  • May 1, 1937: Neutrality Acts of 1937
  • June 3, 1937: Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act, ch. 296, 50 Stat. 246
  • August 2, 1937: Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 50 Stat. 553
  • August 5, 1937: National Cancer Institute Act, Pub.L. 75–244, ch. 565, 50 Stat. 559
  • August 17, 1937: Miller-Tydings Act, ch. 690, title VIII, 50 Stat. 693
  • March 21, 1938: Wheeler–Lea Act, ch. 49, 52 Stat. 111
  • May 24, 1938: La Follette-Bulwinkle Act, ch. 267, 52 Stat. 439
  • June 8, 1938: Foreign Agents Registration Act, ch. 327, 52 Stat. 631
  • June 21, 1938: Natural Gas Act, ch. 556, 52 Stat. 821
  • June 25, 1938: Civil Aeronautics Act, ch. 601, 52 Stat. 973
  • June 25, 1938: Fair Labor Standards Act, ch. 676, 52 Stat. 1060
  • June 25, 1938: Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, ch. 675, 52 Stat. 1040
  • June 25, 1938: Wagner-O'Day Act, ch. 697, 52 Stat. 1196
  • House of Representatives

  • Democratic (D): 334 (majority)
  • Republican (R): 88
  • Wisconsin Progressive (P): 7
  • Progressive (P): 1
  • Farmer-Labor (FL): 5
  • TOTAL members: 435

    Senate

  • President: John N. Garner (D)
  • President pro tempore: Key Pittman (D)
  • Majority Leader: Joseph Taylor Robinson (D), until July 14, 1937
  • Alben W. Barkley (D), from July 14, 1937
  • Majority Whip: J. Hamilton Lewis (D)
  • Minority Leader: Charles McNary (R)
  • Democratic Caucus Secretary: Joshua B. Lee (D)
  • Republican Conference Secretary: Frederick Hale (R)
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: William B. Bankhead (D)
  • Majority Leader: Sam Rayburn (D)
  • Minority Leader: Bertrand Snell (R)
  • Democratic Whip: Patrick J. Boland
  • Republican Whip: Harry Lane Englebright
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: Robert L. Doughton
  • Republican Conference Chairman: Roy O. Woodruff
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Patrick H. Drewry
  • Senate

    Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

    House of Representatives

    The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

    Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.

    Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol: David Lynn
  • Assistant Architect: Horace D. Rouzer
  • Attending Physician of the United States Congress: George Calver
  • Librarian of Congress: Herbert Putnam
  • Public Printer of the United States: Augustus E. Giegengack
  • Senate

  • Chaplain: Reverend ZeBarney Thorne Phillips
  • Parliamentarian: Charles L. Watkins
  • Secretary: Edwin Alexander Halsey
  • Chief Clerk: John C. Crockett
  • Librarian: Ruskin McArdle
  • Sergeant at Arms: Chesley W. Jurney
  • Postmaster: Jack W. Gates
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain: James Shera Montgomery (Methodist)
  • Clerk: South Trimble
  • Journal clerk: Louis Sirkey
  • Reading Clerks: A.E. Chaffee, Patrick J. Haltigan
  • Librarian: W. Perry Miller
  • Doorkeeper: Joseph J. Sinnott
  • Parliamentarian: Lewis Deschler
  • Postmaster: Finis E. Scott
  • Sergeant at Arms: Kenneth Romney
  • Postmaster: Finis E. Scott
  • References

    75th United States Congress Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    Celos (film)
    Peter Beaumont (journalist)
    DJ Olive
    Topics