The 75th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 6 to April 16, 1852, during the second year of Washington Hunt's governorship, in Albany.
Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1846, 32 Senators were elected in single-seat senatorial districts for a two-year term, the whole Senate being renewed biennially. The senatorial districts (except those in New York City) were made up of entire counties. 128 Assemblymen were elected in single-seat districts to a one-year term, the whole Assembly being renewed annually. The Assembly districts were made up of entire towns, or city wards, forming a contiguous area, all in the same county. The City and County of New York was divided into four senatorial districts, and 16 Assembly districts.
At this time there were two major political parties: the Democratic Party and the Whig Party.
The New York state election, 1851 was held on November 4.
Of the eight statewide elective offices up for election, six were carried by the Democrats, and two by the Whigs.
16 Democrats and 16 Whigs were elected for a two-year term to the State Senate.
65 Whigs and 63 Democrats were elected to the State Assembly.
The Legislature met for the regular session at the Old State Capitol in Albany on January 6, 1852; and adjourned on April 16.
Jonas C. Heartt (Whig) was elected Speaker with 63 votes against 59 for Israel T. Hatch (Dem.).
Ira P. Barnes was elected Clerk of the Senate by resolution, with a vote of 16 to 15; Senator Dan S. Wright (W) did not vote. The same vote was given for Charles Lee as Sergeant-at-Arms of the Senate. Doorkeeper of the Senate A. N. Beardsley was elected with the casting vote of Lt. Gov. Sanford E. Church.
On January 26, Edwin D. Morgan (W) was elected President pro tempore of the Senate.
On March 24, William McMurray (D) was elected President pro tempore of the Senate.
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature.Clerk: Ira P. Barnes
Sergeant-at-Arms: Charles Lee
Doorkeeper: A. N. Beardsley
Assistant Doorkeeper: George Read
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.
Party affiliations follow the vote on Speaker.Clerk: Richard U. Sherman
Sergeant-at-Arms: Joseph W. Caldwell
Doorkeeper: Nathan Chamberlin
First Assistant Doorkeeper: Archibald Smith
Second Assistant Doorkeeper: Asa Baldwin