Suvarna Garge

74th United States Congress

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Senate President  John N. Garner (D)
Senate Majority:  Democratic
Senate Pres. pro tem:  Key Pittman (D)
House Majority:  Democratic
74th United States Congress
House Speaker:  Joseph W. Byrns, Sr. (D) William B. Bankhead (D)
Members:  96 Senators 435 Representatives 5 Non-voting members

The Seventy-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1935 to January 3, 1937, during the third and fourth years of Franklin Roosevelt's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fifteenth Census of the United States in 1930. Both chambers had a Democratic supermajority.

Contents

Major events

  • April 14, 1935: Dust Bowl: The great dust storm hit eastern New Mexico, Colorado, and western Oklahoma
  • May 6, 1935: Executive Order 7034 created the Works Progress Administration (WPA).
  • May 27, 1935: Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States: the U.S. Supreme Court declared the National Industrial Recovery Act unconstitutional
  • June 12, 1935 – June 13, 1935: Senator Huey Long gave the second longest filibuster speech in Senate history up to that time, 15 hours and 30 minutes to retain a provision, opposed by President Franklin Roosevelt, requiring Senate confirmation for the National Recovery Administration's senior employees.
  • July 1, 1935: Charles Watkins was appointed as the first officially recognized Parliamentarian.
  • September 10, 1935: Senator Huey Long of Louisiana died, as the result of being shot by an assassin on September 8.
  • March 1, 1936: Construction of Hoover Dam was completed.
  • November 3, 1936: General elections
  • U.S. presidential election, 1936: Franklin D. Roosevelt (D) was reelected with 60.8% of the vote over Alf Landon (R).
  • United States Senate elections, 1936: Democrats gained 5 net seats during the election, and in combination with Democratic and Farmer-Labor interim appointments and the defection of George W. Norris from the Republican Party to become independent, the Republicans were reduced to 16 seats, the most lopsided Senate since Reconstruction.
  • United States House of Representatives elections, 1936: Democrats gained twelve more net seats from the Republicans, bringing them above a three-fourths majority. This was the largest majority since Reconstruction. The last time a party won so decisively was in 1866.
  • November 25, 1936: Abraham Lincoln Brigade sailed from New York City on its way to the Spanish Civil War
  • Major legislation

  • April 27, 1935: Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act, Sess. 1, ch. 85, 49 Stat. 163
  • July 5, 1935: National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act), Sess. 1, ch. 372, 49 Stat. 449
  • August 9, 1935: Motor Carrier Act, Sess. 1, ch. 498, 49 Stat. 546 (renamed part II of the Interstate Commerce Act)
  • August 14, 1935: Social Security Act, including Aid to Dependent Children, Old Age Pension Act, Pub.L. 74–271, Sess. 1, ch. 531, 49 Stat. 620
  • August 23, 1935: Banking Act of 1935 49 Stat. 694
  • August 26, 1935: Public Utility Act (including: Title I: Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935, Title II: Federal Power Act), Sess. 1, ch. 687, 49 Stat. 803
  • August 30, 1935: Revenue Act of 1935, Sess. 1, ch. 829, 49 Stat. 1014
  • August 31, 1935: Neutrality Act of 1935, Sess. 1, ch. 837, 49 Stat. 1081
  • February 29, 1936: Neutrality Act of 1936, Sess. 2, ch. 106, 49 Stat. 1153
  • May 20, 1936: Rural Electrification Act, Sess. 2, ch. 432, 49 Stat. 1363
  • June 15, 1936: Commodities Exchange Act, Sess. 2, ch. 545, 49 Stat. 1491
  • June 19, 1936: Robinson Patman Act, Sess. 2, ch. 592, 49 Stat. 1526
  • June 22, 1936: Flood Control Act of 1936, Pub.L. 74–738, Sess. 2, ch. 688
  • June 29, 1936: Merchant Marine Act, Sess. 2, ch. 250, 49 Stat. 1985
  • June 30, 1936: Walsh-Healey Public Contracts Act, Sess. 2, ch. 881, 49 Stat. 2036`
  • Leaders

    [ Section contents: Senate: Majority (D), Minority (R) • House: Majority (D), Minority (R) ]

    Senate

  • President of the Senate: John N. Garner (D)
  • President pro tempore: Key Pittman (D)
  • Majority (Democratic) leadership

  • Majority leader: Joseph T. Robinson
  • Assistant majority leader (Majority whip): J. Hamilton Lewis
  • Democratic Caucus Secretary: Hugo Black
  • Minority (Republican) leadership

  • Minority leader: Charles L. McNary
  • Assistant Minority leader (Minority whip): None
  • Republican Conference Secretary: Frederick Hale
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Joseph W. Byrns (D), died June 4, 1936
  • William B. Bankhead (D), elected June 4, 1936
  • Majority (Democratic) leadership

  • Majority leader:
  • William B. Bankhead, until June 4, 1936
  • John J. O'Connor
  • Majority whip: Patrick J. Boland
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: Edward T. Taylor
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Patrick H. Drewry
  • Minority (Republican) leadership

  • Minority leader: Bertrand H. Snell
  • Minority whip: Harry L. Englebright
  • Republican Conference Chair: Frederick R. Lehlbach
  • Senate

    Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

    House of Representatives

    The names of members are preceded by their district numbers.

    Changes of Membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

    Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.

    Senate

  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Air Mail and Ocean Mail Contracts (Special)
  • Appropriations
  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • Banking and Currency
  • Bankruptcy and Receiveship (Select)
  • Campaign Expenditures Investigation (Special)
  • Civil Service
  • Claims
  • Commerce
  • District of Columbia
  • Education and Labor
  • Investigation Violations of Free Speech and the Rights of Labor
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Executive Agencies of the Government (Select)
  • Expenditures in Executive Departments
  • Finance
  • Foreign Relations
  • Immigration
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Interoceanic Canals
  • Interstate Commerce
  • Judiciary
  • Land and Water Policies of the United States (Special)
  • Library
  • Lobbying Activities (Select)
  • Manufactures
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Mississippi Flood Control Project (Select)
  • Naval Affairs
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Philippines Economic Condition (Special)
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Presidential and Senatorial Campaign Expenditures (Special)
  • Printing
  • Privileges and Elections
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands and Surveys
  • Rules
  • Silver (Special)
  • Territories and Insular Affairs
  • Virgin Islands (Select)
  • Whole
  • Wildlife Resources (Special)
  • Wool Production (Special)
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Agriculture
  • American Retail Federation (Special)
  • Appropriations
  • Banking and Currency
  • Census
  • Civil Service
  • Claims
  • Coinage, Weights and Measures
  • Disposition of Executive Papers
  • District of Columbia
  • Education
  • Election of the President, Vice President and Representatives in Congress
  • Elections
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in the Executive Departments
  • Flood Control
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Insular Affairs
  • Interstate and Foreign Commerce
  • Invalid Pensions
  • Irrigation and Reclamation
  • Labor
  • Memorials
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands
  • Revision of Laws
  • Rivers and Harbors
  • Roads
  • Rules
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Territories
  • War Claims
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Disposition of (Useless) Executive Papers
  • The Library
  • Taxation
  • Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol: David Lynn
  • Attending Physician of the United States Congress: George Calver
  • Comptroller General of the United States: John R. McCarl (until June 30, 1936), vacant thereafter
  • Librarian of Congress: Herbert Putnam
  • Public Printer of the United States: Augustus E. Giegengack
  • Senate

  • Parliamentarian: Charles Watkins
  • House

  • Clerk: South Trimble
  • Doorkeeper: Joseph J. Sinnott
  • Postmaster: Finis E. Scott
  • Parliamentarian: Lewis Deschler
  • Sergeant at Arms: Kenneth Romney
  • Chaplain: James Shera Montgomery - Methodist
  • References

    74th United States Congress Wikipedia


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