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70th United States Congress

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Senate President  Charles G. Dawes (R)
House Speaker  Nicholas Longworth (R)
House Majority  Republican
Senate Pres. pro tem  George H. Moses (R)
Senate Majority  Republican
70th United States Congress
Members  96 Senators 435 Representatives 5 Non-voting members

The Seventieth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1927 to March 4, 1929, during the last two years of Calvin Coolidge's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Decennial Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Republican majority.


Major events

  • November 6, 1928: U.S. Senate elections and U.S. House elections
  • Major legislation

  • March 10, 1928: Settlement of War Claims Act
  • May 15, 1928: Flood Control Act of 1928 (Jones–Reid Act)
  • May 22, 1928: Merchant Marine Act of 1928 (Jones–White Act)
  • May 22, 1928: Forest Research Act (McSweeney–McNary Act)
  • May 22, 1928: Capper–Ketcham Act
  • May 28, 1928: Welsh Act
  • May 29, 1928: Revenue Act of 1928, ch. 852, 45 Stat. 791
  • May 29, 1928: Reed–Jenkins Act
  • December 21, 1928: Boulder Canyon Project Act (Hoover Dam)
  • December 22, 1928: Color of Title Act
  • January 19, 1929: Hawes–Cooper Act
  • February 18, 1929: Migratory Bird Conservation Act (Norbeck–Anderson Act), ch. 257, 45 Stat. 1222
  • March 2, 1929: Increased Penalties Act (Jones–Stalker Act)
  • Party summary

    The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.


  • Present: Charles G. Dawes (R)
  • President pro tempore: George H. Moses (R)
  • Majority (Republican) leadership

  • Majority Leader: Charles Curtis
  • Majority Whip: Wesley L. Jones
  • Republican Conference Secretary: Frederick Hale
  • Minority (Democratic) leadership

  • Minority leader: Joseph T. Robinson
  • Minority whip: Peter G. Gerry
  • Democratic Caucus Secretary: Hugo Black
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Nicholas Longworth (R)
  • Majority (Republican) leadership

  • Majority Leader: John Q. Tilson
  • Majority Whip: Albert Vestal
  • Republican Conference Chair: Willis C. Hawley
  • Minority (Democratic) leadership

  • Minority Leader: Finis J. Garrett
  • Minority Whip: William Allan Oldfield
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: Arthur H. Greenwood
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Joseph W. Byrns Sr.
  • Members

    This list is arranged by chamber, then by state.


    Senators are listed in order of seniority at the beginning of this Congress.

    Senators were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1928; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 1930; and Class 3 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1932.

    House of Representatives

    Members of the House of Representatives are listed by district.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

    House of Representatives

  • Replacements: 15
  • Democratic: 1 seat net gain
  • Republican: 1 seat net loss
  • Deaths: 16
  • Resignations: 7
  • Total seats with changes: 23
  • Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.


  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Appropriations
  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • Banking and Currency
  • Civil Service
  • Claims
  • Commerce
  • District of Columbia
  • Education and Labor
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in Executive Departments
  • Finance
  • Foreign Relations
  • Illegal Appointments in Civil Service (Select)
  • Immigration
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Interoceanic Canals
  • Interstate Commerce
  • Judiciary
  • Library
  • Manufactures
  • Mexican Propaganda (Select)
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Presidential Campaign Expenditures (Special)
  • Printing
  • Privileges and Elections
  • Propaganda or Money Alleged Used by Foreign Governments (Special)
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands and Surveys
  • Revision of the Laws
  • Rules
  • Senatorial Elections (Select)
  • Tariff Commission (Select)
  • Territories and Insular Possessions
  • Whole
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Agriculture
  • Alcoholic Liquor Traffic
  • Appropriations
  • Banking and Currency
  • Census
  • Civil Service
  • Claims
  • Coinage, Weights and Measures
  • Disposition of Executive Papers
  • District of Columbia
  • Education
  • Election of the President, Vice President and Representatives in Congress
  • Elections
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in the Executive Departments
  • Flood Control
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Insular Affairs
  • Interstate and Foreign Commerce
  • Invalid Pensions
  • Irrigation and Reclamation
  • Labor
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands
  • Revision of Laws
  • Rivers and Harbors
  • Roads
  • Rules
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Territories
  • War Claims
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Disposition of (Useless) Executive Papers
  • Harriman Geographic Code System
  • Investigation of Northern Pacific Railroad Land Grants
  • Taxation
  • To Investigate the Salaries of Officers and Employees of the Senate and the House
  • Officers

  • Architect of the Capitol: David Lynn
  • Attending Physician of the United States Congress: George Calver
  • Comptroller General of the United States: John R. McCarl
  • Librarian of Congress: Herbert Putnam
  • Public Printer of the United States: George H. Carter
  • Senate

  • Chaplain: John J. Muir, (Baptist)
  • ZeBarney T. Phillips (Episcopal), from December 5, 1927
  • Secretary: Edwin P. Thayer
  • Sergeant at Arms: David S. Barry
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain: James S. Montgomery (Methodist)
  • Clerk: William T. Page
  • Doorkeeper: Bert W. Kennedy
  • Sergeant at Arms: Joseph G. Rodgers
  • Parliamentarian: Lewis Deschler
  • Postmaster: Frank W. Collier
  • References

    70th United States Congress Wikipedia

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