Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

705th Strategic Missile Wing

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Covid-19
Active  1958-1960
Size  wing
Country  United States
705th Strategic Missile Wing
Branch  United States Air Force

The 705th Strategic Missile Wing (SMW) is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned as an active unit to the 7th Air Division at South Ruislip Air Station, England. It was discontinued on 1 April 1960 and was redesignated as the 510th Tactical Missile Wing in 1985 while inactive.

Contents

History

Headquarters Strategic Air Command (SAC) activated the wing as the 705th SMW on 20 February 1958 at RAF Lakenheath, England, to monitor the PGM-17 Thor IRBM program in the United Kingdom and provide technical assistance to the four Royal Air Force Thor squadrons. The wing never became operational, and its only manning was by additional duty personnel of the 7th Air Division Directorate of Ballistic Missiles through 1960. Even its commanding officer, Col. William R. Yancy acted in that capacity as an additional duty from March to November 1958,

While the missiles were assigned to the RAF for control, SAC retained control over the squadron's nuclear warheads and assigned a detachment of the 705th to perform the following functions:

  • Retain custody and control over, and provide maintenance for, reentry vehicles and warheads
  • Receive and initiate U. S. warhead release orders
  • Operate USAF communications facilities
  • Provide training to the Royal Air Force on the Thor missile operations
  • On 22 June 1959, No. 77 (Strategic Missile) Squadron at RAF Feltwell became the first British-based Thor IRBM squadron to reach operational status. On 11 September and 22 December 1959, the second and third British-based Thor IRBM squadrons were declared operational and assigned to Royal Air Force personnel. When SAC turned over the fourth and final British-based Thor IRBM to the Royal Air Force on 22 April 1960, the deployment of the Thor IRBM weapon system in the United Kingdom was completed. The wing was inactivated on 1 April 1960, followed shortly by the elimination of 7th Air Division's Directorate of Ballistic Missiles.

    Wing

  • Constituted as 705th Strategic Missile Wing on 6 February 1958
  • Activated on 20 February 1958 Redesignated 705th Strategic Missile Wing (IRBM-Thor) on 1 April 1958 Discontinued on 1 April 1960
  • Consolidated with the 5th Combat Crew Replacement Center Group on 31 July 1985 as the 510th Tactical Missile Wing (remained inactive)
  • Group

  • Constituted as the 5th Combat Crew Replacement Center Group
  • Activated on 3 November 1943 Disbanded on 5 August 1944
  • Reconstituted on 31 July 1985 and consolidated with the 705th Strategic Missile Wing as the 510th Tactical Missile Wing
  • Assignments

  • VIII Air Force Composite Command, 3 November 1943 - 5 August 1944
  • 7th Air Division, 20 February 1958-1 April 1960
  • Department of the Air Force, 1 April 1960
  • Components

  • 5th Replacement & Training Squadron (Bombardment), 3 November 1943 - 5 August 1944
  • 99th Aviation Depot Squadron 15 May 1958 - 1 April 1950 (attached from 7th Air Division)
  • RAF Lakenheath
  • 672d Technical Training Squadron
  • RAF Feltwell, 20 Feb 1958 - 17 Aug 1959 RAF Lakenheath, 17 August 1959 - 1 October 1959

    Supported RAF Missile Units

  • No. 77 Squadron RAF - RAF Feltwell, United Kingdom
  • No. 97 Squadron RAF - RAF Hemswell, United Kingdom
  • No. 98 Squadron RAF - RAF Driffield, United Kingdom
  • No. 144 Squadron RAF - RAF North Luffenham, United Kingdom
  • Stations

  • High Wycombe, England, 5 November 1943
  • RAF Cheddington, England, ca. 24 February 1944
  • RAF Greencastle, Northern Ireland, ca. Jul 1944 -5 August 1944
  • RAF Lakenheath, England, 20 February 1958
  • US Air Base South Ruislip (later, South Ruislip Air Station), England, 15 March 1958-1 April 1960
  • Missiles

  • PGM-17 Thor
  • References

    705th Strategic Missile Wing Wikipedia


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