Puneet Varma (Editor)

7.5 cm KwK 42

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
7.5 cm KwK 42

The 7.5 cm KwK 42 L/70 (from 7.5 cm Kampfwagenkanone 42 L/70) was a 7.5 cm calibre German tank gun developed and built by Rheinmetall-Borsig AG in Unterlüß during the Second World War. The gun was used to equip the SdKfz.171 Panzerkampfwagen V Panther medium tank and the SdKfz.162/1 Jagdpanzer IV/70(A)/(V) tank destroyer. When mounted on a tank destroyer it was designated as the 7.5 cm Pak 42 (7.5 cm Panzerabwehrkanone 42) anti-tank gun.

Contents

Design

The increased muzzle velocity and operating pressure of the new gun required a new armour piercing projectile to be designed. The PzGr. 39/42 was the result, and apart from the addition of wider driving bands it was otherwise identical to the older 7.5 cm PzGr. 39. The wider driving bands added a little extra weight, from 6.8 kg for the old PzGr.39, to 7.2 kg for the new PzGr.39/42.

The gun was fired electrically, the primer was initiated using an electric current rather than a firing pin. The breech operated semi-automatically so that after the gun had fired, the empty shell casing was automatically ejected, and the falling wedge type breech block remained down so that the next round could be loaded. Once the round was loaded the breech closed automatically and the weapon was ready to be fired again. Three different types of ammunition were used: APCBC-HE, APCR and HE.

Data for KwK 42 and Pak 42

  • Type: Tank gun (KwK 42), Anti-tank gun (Pak 42)
  • Caliber: 7.5 cm (2.95 in)
  • Shell: 75×640 mm R
  • Barrel length in calibers: 70
  • Barrel length: 5.250 m (17 ft 2.69 in)
  • Breech: semiautomatic, falling wedge
  • Weight with muzzle brake and breech: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb)
  • Recoil length: 400 mm (normal), 430 mm (maximum)
  • Maximum range: 10 km (indirect)
  • Sight: TZF 12 or 12a (Panther), Sfl.ZF 1a (Jagdpanzer IV/70 (A) and (V))
  • Ammunition

    Panzergranate 39/42 (Pzgr. 39/42)
  • Type: Armour Piercing Capped Ballistic Cap High Explosive
  • Projectile weight: 7.2 kg (16 lb)
  • Explosive filler: 18 g of phlegmatized RDX
  • Round weight: 14.3 kg (32 lb)
  • Round length: 893.2 mm (2 ft 11.17 in)
  • Cartridge case length: 640 mm (2 ft 1 in)
  • Muzzle velocity: 935 m/s (3,070 ft/s)
  • Panzergranate 40 (Hk) (Pzgr. 40/42)
  • Type: Armour Piercing Composite Rigid
  • Projectile weight: 4.75 kg (10.5 lb)
  • Round weight: 11.55 kg (25.5 lb)
  • Round length: 875.2 mm (2 ft 10.46 in)
  • Cartridge case length: 640 mm (2 ft 1 in)
  • Muzzle velocity: 1,130 m/s (3,700 ft/s)
  • Sprenggranate 42 (Sprgr. 42)
  • Type: High Explosive
  • Projectile weight: 5.74 kg (12.7 lb)
  • Round weight: 11.14 kg (24.6 lb)
  • Round length: 929.2 mm (3 ft 0.58 in)
  • Cartridge case length: 640 mm (2 ft 1 in)
  • Muzzle velocity: 1,130 m/s (3,700 ft/s)
  • References

    7.5 cm KwK 42 Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    Aedy Ashraf
    Kike Mateo
    Jacqui Cooper
    Topics
     
    B
    i
    Link
    H2
    L