| Thomas Jefferson (DR)|
| Theodore Sedgwick (F)|
| Samuel Livermore (F)
Uriah Tracy (F)
John E. Howard (F)
James Hillhouse (F)|
1 Non-voting members
The Sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met at Congress Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1799, to March 4, 1801, during the last two years of John Adams's presidency. It was the last Congress of the 18th century and the first to convene in the 19th. The apportionment of seats in House of Representatives was based on the First Census of the United States in 1790. Both chambers had a Federalist majority. This was the last Congress in which the Federalist Party controlled the presidency or either chamber of Congress.
December 14, 1799 — Former President George Washington died
February 24, 1800 — Library of Congress founded
November 17, 1800 — Congress held its first session in Washington, D.C.
January 20, 1801 — John Marshall was appointed Chief Justice of the United States
February 19, 1801 — United States presidential election, 1800: John Adams became the first U.S. President to lose his bid for re-election. An electoral tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr was resolved when Jefferson was elected President and Burr Vice President by the House of Representatives. The Democratic-Republican Party also won control of both houses of Congress.
February 27, 1801 — Washington, D.C. was placed under the jurisdiction of Congress
February 13, 1801 — Judiciary Act of 1801, Sess. 2, ch. 4, 2 Stat. 89
February 27, 1801 — District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801, Sess.2, ch. 15, 2 Stat. 103
July 4, 1800 — Indiana Territory created from a portion of the Northwest Territory
6th United States Congress Wikipedia
The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.President: Thomas Jefferson (DR)
President pro tempore: Samuel Livermore (F), elected December 2, 1799
Uriah Tracy (F), elected May 14, 1800
John E. Howard, (F), elected November 21, 1800
James Hillhouse, (F), elected February 28, 1801
Speaker: Theodore Sedgwick (F)
This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.Skip to House of Representatives, below
Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1802; Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1804; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1800.
The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "At-large," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.
The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress
There were 7 resignations and 1 vacancy at the beginning of Congress. The Federalists had a 1-seat net loss and the Democratic-Republicans had a 2-seat net gain.
There were 6 resignations and 3 deaths. The Federalists had a 4-seat net loss and the Democratic-Republicans had a 3-seat net gain.
Lists of committees and their party leaders.Whole
Commerce and Manufactures
Revisal and Unfinished Business
Standards of Official Conduct
Ways and Means
Architect of the Capitol: William Thornton
Chaplain: William White, Episcopalian, elected December 9, 1790
Thomas J. Claggett, Episcopalian, elected November 27, 1800
Doorkeeper: James Mathers
Secretary: Samuel Otis
Chaplain: Ashbel Green, Presbyterian, elected December 2, 1799
Thomas Lyell, Methodist, elected November 17, 1800
Clerk: Jonathan W. Condy of Pennsylvania, elected December 2, 1799, resigned December 4, 1800
John H. Oswald of Pennsylvania, elected December 9, 1800
Doorkeeper: Thomas Claxton, elected December 2, 1799
Sergeant at Arms: Joseph Wheaton of Rhode Island, elected December 2, 1799