Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

6th United States Congress

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Senate President
Thomas Jefferson (DR)

Senate Majority

House Speaker
Theodore Sedgwick (F)

House Majority

6th United States Congress

Senate Pres. pro tem
Samuel Livermore (F) Uriah Tracy (F) John E. Howard (F) James Hillhouse (F)

32 Senators 106 Representatives 1 Non-voting members

The Sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met at Congress Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1799, to March 4, 1801, during the last two years of John Adams's presidency. It was the last Congress of the 18th century and the first to convene in the 19th. The apportionment of seats in House of Representatives was based on the First Census of the United States in 1790. Both chambers had a Federalist majority. This was the last Congress in which the Federalist Party controlled the presidency or either chamber of Congress.


Major events

  • December 14, 1799 — Former President George Washington died
  • February 24, 1800 — Library of Congress founded
  • November 17, 1800 — Congress held its first session in Washington, D.C.
  • January 20, 1801 — John Marshall was appointed Chief Justice of the United States
  • February 19, 1801 — United States presidential election, 1800: John Adams became the first U.S. President to lose his bid for re-election. An electoral tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr was resolved when Jefferson was elected President and Burr Vice President by the House of Representatives. The Democratic-Republican Party also won control of both houses of Congress.
  • February 27, 1801 — Washington, D.C. was placed under the jurisdiction of Congress
  • Major legislation

  • February 13, 1801 — Judiciary Act of 1801, Sess. 2, ch. 4, 2 Stat. 89
  • February 27, 1801 — District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801, Sess.2, ch. 15, 2 Stat. 103
  • States admitted and territories organized

  • July 4, 1800 — Indiana Territory created from a portion of the Northwest Territory
  • Party summary

    The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.


  • President: Thomas Jefferson (DR)
  • President pro tempore: Samuel Livermore (F), elected December 2, 1799
  • Uriah Tracy (F), elected May 14, 1800
  • John E. Howard, (F), elected November 21, 1800
  • James Hillhouse, (F), elected February 28, 1801
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Theodore Sedgwick (F)
  • Members

    This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

    Skip to House of Representatives, below


    Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1802; Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1804; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1800.

    House of Representatives

    The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "At-large," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress


    There were 7 resignations and 1 vacancy at the beginning of Congress. The Federalists had a 1-seat net loss and the Democratic-Republicans had a 2-seat net gain.

    House of Representatives

    There were 6 resignations and 3 deaths. The Federalists had a 4-seat net loss and the Democratic-Republicans had a 3-seat net gain.


    Lists of committees and their party leaders.


  • Whole
  • House of Representatives

  • Claims
  • Commerce and Manufactures
  • Elections
  • Revisal and Unfinished Business
  • Rules (Select)
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Enrolled Bills
  • Administrative officers

  • Architect of the Capitol: William Thornton
  • Senate

  • Chaplain: William White, Episcopalian, elected December 9, 1790
  • Thomas J. Claggett, Episcopalian, elected November 27, 1800
  • Doorkeeper: James Mathers
  • Secretary: Samuel Otis
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain: Ashbel Green, Presbyterian, elected December 2, 1799
  • Thomas Lyell, Methodist, elected November 17, 1800
  • Clerk: Jonathan W. Condy of Pennsylvania, elected December 2, 1799, resigned December 4, 1800
  • John H. Oswald of Pennsylvania, elected December 9, 1800
  • Doorkeeper: Thomas Claxton, elected December 2, 1799
  • Sergeant at Arms: Joseph Wheaton of Rhode Island, elected December 2, 1799
  • References

    6th United States Congress Wikipedia

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