Neha Patil

68th United States Congress

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedIn
Senate Pres. pro tem  Albert B. Cummins (R)
House Majority  Republican
Senate Majority  Republican
68th United States Congress
Senate President  Calvin Coolidge (R) until August 2, 1923 Vacant from August 2, 1923
House Speaker  Frederick H. Gillett (R)
Members  96 Senators 435 Representatives 5 Non-voting members

The Sixty-eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1923 to March 4, 1925, during the last months of Warren G. Harding's presidency, and the first years of his successor, Calvin Coolidge. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Decennial Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Contents

Major events

  • August 2, 1923 – President Warren Harding died and Calvin Coolidge became President of the United States
  • Major legislation

  • September 22, 1923: U.S. Coal Commission Act
  • April 26, 1924: Seed and Feed Loan Act
  • May 19, 1924: World War Adjusted Compensation Act (Bonus Bill), Sess. 1, ch. 157, 43 Stat. 121
  • May 24, 1924: Rogers Act
  • May 26, 1924: Immigration Act of 1924 (Johnson–Reed Act), Sess. 1, ch. 190, 43 Stat. 153
  • May 29, 1924: Indian Oil Leasing Act of 1924 (Lenroot Act)
  • June 2, 1924: Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 (Snyder Act), Sess. 1, ch. 233, 43 Stat. 253
  • June 2, 1924: Revenue Act of 1924 (Simmons–Longworth Act), Sess. 1, ch. 234, 43 Stat. 253
  • June 3, 1924: Inland Waterways Act of 1924 (Denison Act)
  • June 7, 1924: Pueblo Lands Act of 1924
  • June 7, 1924: Oil Pollution Act of 1924, Pub.L. 68–238, ch. 316, 43 Stat. 604
  • June 7, 1924: Clarke–McNary Act, Sess. 1, ch. 348, 43 Stat. 653
  • January 30, 1925: Hoch–Smith Resolution
  • January 31, 1925: Special Duties Act
  • February 2, 1925: Airmail Act of 1925 (Kelly Act)
  • February 12, 1925: Federal Arbitration Act
  • February 16, 1925: Home Port Act of 1925
  • February 24, 1925: Purnell Act
  • February 27, 1925: Temple Act
  • February 28, 1925: Classification Act of 1925
  • February 28, 1925: Federal Corrupt Practices Act (Gerry Act)
  • March 2, 1925: Judiciary Act of 1925
  • March 3, 1925: River and Harbors Act of 1925
  • March 3, 1925: Helium Act of 1925
  • March 3, 1925: Mount Rushmore National Memorial Act (Norbeck-Williamson Act)
  • March 4, 1925: Establishment of the United States Navy Band
  • March 4, 1925: Probation Act of 1925
  • Party summary

    The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section??.?%

    Senate

  • President: Calvin Coolidge (R), until August 3, 1923; vacant thereafter.
  • President pro tempore: Albert B. Cummins (R)
  • Majority (Republican) leadership

  • Majority leader: Charles Curtis
  • Majority whip: Wesley L. Jones
  • Republican Conference Secretary: James Wolcott Wadsworth Jr.
  • Minority (Democratic) leadership

  • Minority leader: Joseph T. Robinson
  • Minority whip: Peter G. Gerry
  • Democratic Caucus Secretary: William H. King
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Frederick H. Gillett (R)
  • Majority (Republican) leadership

  • Majority leader: Nicholas Longworth
  • Majority Whip: Albert H. Vestal
  • Republican Conference Chair: Sydney Anderson
  • Minority (Democratic) leadership

  • Minority Leader: Finis J. Garrett
  • Minority Whip: William Allan Oldfield
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: Henry Thomas Rainey
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Arthur B. Rouse
  • Members

    This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

    Senate

    Skip to House of Representatives, below

    Senators were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1928; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1924; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1926.

    House of Representatives

    The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by their district numbers.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

    Senate

  • replacements: 7
  • Democratic: 1 seat net gain
  • Republican: 2 seat net loss
  • Farmer–Labor: 1 seat net gain
  • deaths: 7
  • resignations: 0
  • vacancy: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 8
  • House of Representatives

  • replacements: 22
  • Democratic: 1 seat net gain
  • Republican: 1 seat net loss
  • deaths: 15
  • resignations: 6
  • contested election: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 24
  • Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.

    Senate

  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Appropriations
  • Attorney General Harry M. Daugherty (Select)
  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • Banking and Currency
  • Campaign Expenditures (Special)
  • Charges against Burton K. Wheeler (Select)
  • Civil Service
  • Claims
  • Commerce
  • District of Columbia
  • Education and Labor
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in Executive Departments
  • Finance
  • Foreign Relations
  • Immigration
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Internal Revenue Bureau (Select)
  • Interoceanic Canals
  • Interstate Commerce
  • Judiciary
  • Library
  • Manufactures
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Nine Foot Channel from the Great Lakes to the Gulf (Select)
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Printing
  • Privileges and Elections
  • Propaganda Affecting Taxation and Soldiers' Bonus (Select)
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands and Surveys
  • Reforestation (Select)
  • Revision of the Laws
  • Rules
  • Territories and Insular Possessions
  • Veterans Bureau Investigation (Select)
  • War Finance Corporation Loans (Select)
  • Whole
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Agriculture
  • Air Services (Select)
  • Alcoholic Liquor Traffic
  • Appropriations
  • Banking and Currency
  • Census
  • Civil Service
  • Claims
  • Coinage, Weights and Measures
  • Disposition of Executive Papers
  • District of Columbia
  • Education
  • Election of the President, Vice President and Representatives in Congress
  • Elections
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in the Agriculture Department
  • Expenditures in the Commerce Department
  • Expenditures in the Interior Department
  • Expenditures in the Justice Department
  • Expenditures in the Labor Department
  • Expenditures in the Navy Department
  • Expenditures in the Post Office Department
  • Expenditures in the State Department
  • Expenditures in the Treasury Department
  • Expenditures in the War Department
  • Expenditures on Public Buildings
  • Flood Control
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Industrial Arts and Expositions
  • Insular Affairs
  • Interstate and Foreign Commerce
  • Invalid Pensions
  • Irrigation of Arid Lands
  • Labor
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries
  • Mileage
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands
  • Railways and Canals
  • Reform in the Civil Service
  • Revision of Laws
  • Rivers and Harbors
  • Roads
  • Rules
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Territories
  • War Claims
  • Ways and Means
  • Woman Suffrage
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Banking and Currency
  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Determine what Employment may be Furnished Federal Prisoners
  • Disposition of (Useless) Executive Papers
  • Federal Reserve System
  • Investigate Congressional Salaries
  • Investigation of Northern Pacific Railroad Land Grants
  • Postal Service
  • Reorganization
  • Reorganization of the Administrative Branch of the Government
  • Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol:
  • Elliott Woods, until May 22, 1923
  • David Lynn, from August 22, 1923
  • Comptroller General of the United States: John R. McCarl
  • Librarian of Congress: Herbert Putnam
  • Public Printer of the United States: George H. Carter
  • Senate

  • Chaplain: John J. Muir Baptist
  • Secretary: George A. Sanderson of Illinois
  • Sergeant at Arms: David S. Barry of Rhode Island
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain: James S. Montgomery Methodist, elected April 11, 1921
  • Clerk: William T. Page of Maryland, elected December 5, 1923
  • Doorkeeper: Bert W. Kennedy of Michigan, elected December 5, 1923
  • Clerk at the Speaker’s Table: Lehr Fess
  • Postmaster of the House: Frank W. Collier of Wisconsin, elected December 5, 1923
  • Sergeant at Arms: Joseph G. Rodgers of Pennsylvania, elected December 5, 1923
  • References

    68th United States Congress Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    I Was a Male War Bride
    Christopher Bryan
    Shinta Nojiri
    Topics