|Covid-19|Byzantine–Bulgarian War: Emperor Justinian II defeats the Bulgars of Macedonia and recaptures Thessalonica, the second most important Byzantine city in Europe. He resettles the subdued Slavs in Anatolia (modern Turkey), where they are required to provide 30,000 men to the Byzantine army.
Battle of Coronate: The Lombards under King Cunipert defeat the army of Duke Alahis, at the River Adda (Lombardy). He executes the rebel leaders; Alahis is captured his head and legs are cut off. The southern Lombard duchies take advantage of Cunipert's distraction, and extend their territories.
Battle of Dorestad: The Frisians under King Radbod are defeated by the Frankish mayor of the palace, Pippin of Herstal. The Rhine delta and Dorestad (modern Netherlands) becomes Frankish again, as well as the castles of Utrecht and Fechten (approximate date).
The Asuka Kiyomihara Code, a collection of governing rules commenced in 681 under Emperor Tenmu, is promulgated in Japan.
Cædwalla of Wessex arrives in Rome and is baptised by pope Sergius I, taking the name Peter. He dies 10 days later and is buried at St. Peter's Basilica.
Prince Oswald, brother of King Osric of Hwicce, founds Pershore Abbey in Worcestershire (approximate date).
Othmar, Swiss abbot (approximate date)
Rōben, Japanese Buddhist monk (d. 773)
Alahis, king (usurper) of the Lombards
April 20 – Cædwalla, king of Wessex
Colman, Irish missionary (approximate date)
Grimoald II, duke of Benevento (Italy)
John III, Coptic Orthodox pope of Alexandria
July 8 – Kilian, Irish bishop (approximate date)
May 10 – Kusakabe, Japanese prince (b. 662)
Liu Jingxian, official of the Tang Dynasty
Totnan, Irish Franconian apostle
Year 689 (DCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 689 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.