Harman Patil

65th United States Congress

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Senate President  Thomas R. Marshall (D)
Senate Majority  Democratic
House Speaker  Champ Clark (D)
House Majority  Democratic (coalition)
65th United States Congress
Senate Pres. pro tem  Willard Saulsbury, Jr. (D)
Members  96 Senators 435 Representatives 5 Non-voting members

The Sixty-fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1917 to March 4, 1919, during the fourth and fifth years of Woodrow Wilson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Census of the United States in 1910. The Senate had a Democratic majority, and the House had a Republican plurality but the Democrats remained in control with the support of the Progressives and Socialist Representative Meyer London.

Contents

Major events

  • March 4, 1917: Jeannette Rankin of Montana became the first woman member of the United States House of Representatives.
  • March 8, 1917: The United States Senate adopted the cloture rule to limit filibusters.
  • March 31, 1917: The United States took possession of the Danish West Indies, which become the US Virgin Islands, after paying $25 million to Denmark.
  • April 2, 1917: World War I: President Woodrow Wilson asks the U.S. Congress for a declaration of war on Germany.
  • April 10, 1917: An ammunition factory explosion in Chester, Pennsylvania kills 133.
  • May 21, 1917: Over 300 acres (73 blocks) are destroyed in the Great Atlanta fire of 1917.
  • May 26, 1917: A tornado strikes Mattoon, Illinois, causing devastation and killing 101 people.
  • July 1, 1917: A labor dispute ignited a race riot in East St. Louis, Illinois, which left 250 dead.
  • July 12, 1917: The Phelps Dodge Corporation deported over 1,000 suspected Industrial Workers of the World members from Bisbee, Arizona.
  • July 28, 1917: The Silent Protest was organized by the NAACP in New York to protest the East St. Louis Riot of July 2, as well as lynchings in Texas and Tennessee.
  • August, 1917: The Green Corn Rebellion, an uprising by several hundred farmers against the World War I draft, took place in central Oklahoma.
  • November 24, 1917: In Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 9 members of the Milwaukee Police Department were killed by a bomb, the most fatal single event in U.S. police history until the September 11, 2001 attacks.
  • December 26, 1917: President Woodrow Wilson used the Federal Possession and Control Act to place most U.S. railroads under the United States Railroad Administration, hoping to more efficiently transport troops and materials for the war effort.
  • January 8, 1918: Woodrow Wilson delivered his Fourteen Points speech.
  • March 4, 1918: A soldier at Camp Fuston, Kansas fell sick with the first confirmed case of the Spanish flu.
  • May 15, 1918: The United States Post Office Department (later renamed the United States Postal Service) began the first regular airmail service in the world (between New York City, Philadelphia and Washington, DC).
  • October 8, 1918: World War I: In the Argonne Forest in France, U.S. Corporal Alvin C. York almost single-handedly killed 25 German soldiers and captures 132.
  • December 4, 1918: U.S. President Woodrow Wilson sailed for the Paris Peace Conference, becoming the first U.S. president to travel to Europe while in office.
  • January 6, 1919: Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th President of the United States, died.
  • January 15, 1919: The Boston Molasses Disaster: A wave of molasses released from an exploding storage tank sweeps through Boston, killing 21 and injuring 150.
  • January 16, 1919: The 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution, authorizing Prohibition, went into effect in the United States.
  • February 25, 1919: Oregon placed a 1 cent per U.S. gallon (.26¢/L) tax on gasoline, becoming the first U.S. state to levy a gasoline tax.
  • Major legislation

  • April 6, 1917: Declaration of war against Germany, Sess. 1 ch. 1, 40 Stat. 1
  • April 24, 1917: First Liberty Bond Act, Sess. 1, ch. 4, 40 Stat. 35
  • May 12, 1917: Enemy Vessel Confiscation Joint Resolution, Pub.L. 65–2, 40 Stat. 75
  • May 12, 1917: First Army Appropriations Act of 1917, 40 Stat. 69
  • May 18, 1917: Selective Service Act of 1917, Sess. 1, ch. 15, 40 Stat. 76
  • May 29, 1917: Esch Car Service Act of 1917, Sess. 1, ch. 23, 40 Stat. 101
  • June 15, 1917: Emergency Shipping Fund Act of 1917, c. 29, 40 Stat. 182
  • June 15, 1917: Second Army Appropriations Act of 1917, 40 Stat. 188
  • June 15, 1917: Espionage Act of 1917, Sess. 1, ch. 30, 40 Stat. 217 (incl. title XI: Search Warrant Act of 1917)
  • August 8, 1917: River and Harbor Act of 1917, Sess. 1, ch. 49, 40 Stat. 250
  • August 10, 1917: Priority of Shipments Act of 1917 (Obstruction of Interstate Commerce Act of 1917), Sess. 1, ch. 51, 40 Stat. 272
  • August 10, 1917: Food and Fuel Control Act (Lever Act), Sess. 1, ch. 53, 40 Stat. 27
  • October 1, 1917: Second Liberty Bond Act, Sess. 1, ch. 56, 40 Stat. 288
  • October 1, 1917: Aircraft Board Act of 1917, Sess. 1, ch. 61, 40 Stat. 296
  • October 3, 1917: War Revenue Act of 1917, Sess. 1, ch. 63, 40 Stat. 300
  • October 5, 1917: Repatriation Act of 1917, Sess. 1, ch. 68, 40 Stat. 340
  • October 6, 1917: Explosives Act of 1917, Sess. 1, ch. 83, 40 Stat. 385
  • October 6, 1917: War Risk Insurance Act of 1917, Sess. 1, ch. 105, 40 Stat. 398
  • October 6, 1917: International Emergency Economic Powers Act (Trading with the Enemy Act), Sess. 1, ch. 106, 40 Stat. 411
  • December 7, 1917: Declaration of war against Austria-Hungary, Sess. 2, ch. 1, 40 Stat. 429
  • February 24, 1918: Revenue Act of 1918, Sess. 2, ch. 18, 40 Stat. 1057
  • March 8, 1918: Soldiers' and Sailors' Civil Relief Act, Sess. 2, ch. 20, 40 Stat. 440
  • March 19, 1918: Standard Time Act of 1918 (Calder Act), Sess. 2, ch. 24, 40 Stat. 450
  • March 21, 1918: Federal Control Act of 1918, Sess. 2, ch. 25, 40 Stat. 451
  • April 4, 1918: Third Liberty Bond Act, Sess. 2, ch. 44, 40 Stat. 502
  • April 5, 1918: War Finance Corporation Act, Sess. 2, ch. 45, 40 Stat. 506
  • April 10, 1918: Webb-Pomerene Act, Sess. 2, ch. 50, 40 Stat. 516
  • April 18, 1918: American Forces Abroad Indemnity Act, Sess. 2, ch. 57, 40 Stat. 532
  • April 20, 1918: Destruction of War Materials Act, Sess. 2, ch. 59, 40 Stat. 533
  • April 23, 1918: Pittman Act, Sess. 2, ch. 63, 40 Stat. 535
  • May 9, 1918: Alien Naturalization Act, Sess. 2, ch. 69, 40 Stat. 542
  • May 16, 1918: Housing Act, Sess. 2, ch. 74, 40 Stat. 550
  • May 16, 1918: Sedition Act of 1918, Sess. 2, ch. 75, 40 Stat. 553
  • May 20, 1918: Departmental Reorganization Act (Overman Act), Sess. 2, ch. 78, 40 Stat. 556
  • May 22, 1918: Passport Control Act (Entry and Departure Controls Act), Sess. 2, ch. 81, 40 Stat. 559
  • May 31, 1918: Saulsbury Resolution, Sess. 2, ch. 90, 40 Stat. 593
  • June 27, 1918: Veterans Rehabilitation Act (Smith-Sears Act), Sess. 2, ch. 107, 40 Stat. 617
  • July 3, 1918: Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918, Sess. 2, ch. 128, 40 Stat. 755
  • July 9, 1918: Fourth Liberty Bond Act, Sess. 2, ch. 142, 40 Stat. 844
  • July 9, 1918: Army Appropriations Act of 1918, Sess. 2, ch. 143, 40 Stat. 845 (incl. ch. 15: Public Health and Research Act of 1918 (Chamberlain-Kahn Act))
  • July 18, 1918: River and Harbor Act of 1918, Sess. 2, ch. 155, 40 Stat. 904
  • July 18, 1918: Charter Rate and Requisition Act of 1918, Sess. 2, ch. 157, 40 Stat. 913
  • October 16, 1918: Immigration Act of 1918 (Dillingham-Hardwick Act), Sess. 2, ch. 186, 40 Stat. 1012
  • October 16, 1918: Corrupt Practices Act of 1918 (Gerry Act), Sess. 2, ch. 187, 40 Stat. 1013
  • November 7, 1918: National Bank Consolidation Act of 1918, Sess. 2, ch. 209, 40 Stat. 1043
  • November 21, 1918: Food Production Stimulation Act (War-Time Prohibition Act), Sess. 2, ch. 212, 40 Stat. 1045
  • February 24, 1919: Child Labor Act of 1919, Sess. 3, ch. 18, 40 Stat. 1138
  • February 26, 1919: Grand Canyon Park Act of 1919, Sess. 3, ch. 44, 40 Stat. 1178
  • February 26, 1919: Acadia National Park Act of 1919, Sess. 3, ch. 45, 40 Stat. 1178
  • March 2, 1919: War Risk Insurance Act of 1919 (War Minerals Relief Act of 1919, Dent Act), Sess. 3, ch. 94, 40 Stat. 1272
  • March 2, 1919: River and Harbors Act of 1919, Sess. 3, ch. 95, 40 Stat. 1275
  • March 3, 1919: Hospitalization Act of 1919, Sess. 3, ch. 98, 40 Stat. 1302
  • March 3, 1919: Fifth Liberty Bond Act, Sess. 3, ch. 100, 40 Stat. 1309
  • March 4, 1919: Wheat Price Guarantee Act, Sess. 3, ch. 125, 40 Stat. 1348
  • Senate

  • President: Thomas R. Marshall (D)
  • President pro tempore: Willard Saulsbury, Jr. (D)
  • Majority Whip: J. Hamilton Lewis (D)
  • Minority Whip: Charles Curtis (R)
  • Republican Conference Chairman: Jacob Harold Gallinger (until August 17, 1918)
  • Henry Cabot Lodge (from 1918)
  • Democratic Caucus Chair : Thomas S. Martin
  • Republican Conference Secretary: James Wolcott Wadsworth Jr.
  • Democratic Caucus Secretary: William H. King
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Champ Clark (D)
  • Majority (Democratic) leadership

  • Majority Leader: Claude Kitchin
  • Majority Whip: vacant
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: Edward W. Saunders
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Scott Ferris
  • Minority (Republican) leadership

  • Minority Leader: James R. Mann
  • Minority Whip: Charles M. Hamilton
  • Republican Conference Chair: William S. Greene
  • Members

    Skip to House of Representatives, below

    Senate

    Because of the 17th Amendment, starting in 1914 U.S. Senators were directly elected instead of by the state legislatures. However, this did not affect the terms of U.S. Senators whose terms had started before that Amendment took effect.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

    Senate

  • replacements: 17
  • Democratic: 3 seat net loss
  • Republican: 3 seat net gain
  • deaths: 10
  • resignations: 1
  • vacancy: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 17
  • House of Representatives

  • replacements: 23
  • Democratic: no net change
  • Republican: no net change
  • deaths: 15
  • resignations: 12
  • contested elections: 3
  • Total seats with changes: 31
  • Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.

    Senate

  • Additional Accommodations for the Library of Congress (Select)
  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Appropriations
  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • Banking and Currency
  • Canadian Relations
  • Census
  • Civil Service and Retrenchment
  • Claims
  • Coast and Insular Survey
  • Coast Defenses
  • Commerce
  • Conservation of National Resources
  • Corporations Organized in the District of Columbia
  • Cuban Relations
  • Disposition of Useless Papers in the Executive Departments
  • District of Columbia
  • Education and Labor
  • Engrossed Bills
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Establish a University in the United States (Select)
  • Examine the Several Branches in the Civil Service
  • Expenditures in the Department of Agriculture
  • Expenditures in the Department of Commerce
  • Expenditures in the Interior Department
  • Expenditures in the Department of Justice
  • Expenditures in the Department of Labor
  • Expenditures in the Navy Department
  • Expenditures in the Post Office Department
  • Expenditures in the Treasury Department
  • Expenditures in the War Department
  • Finance
  • Fisheries
  • Five Civilized Tribes of Indians
  • Foreign Relations
  • Forest Reservations and the Protection of Game
  • Geological Survey
  • Immigration
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Industrial Expositions
  • Interoceanic Canals
  • Interstate Commerce
  • Irrigation and Reclamation
  • Judiciary
  • Library
  • Manufactures
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Mississippi River and its Tributaries (Select)
  • National Banks
  • Naval Affairs
  • Pacific Islands and Puerto Rico
  • Pacific Railroads
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Philippines
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Printing
  • Private Land Claims
  • Privileges and Elections
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Health and National Quarantine
  • Public Lands
  • Railroads
  • Revision of the Laws
  • Revolutionary Claims
  • Rules
  • Standards, Weights and Measures
  • Tariff Regulation (Select)
  • Territories
  • Transportation and Sale of Meat Products (Select)
  • Transportation Routes to the Seaboard
  • Trespassers upon Indian Lands (Select)
  • Washington Railway and Electrical Company (Select)
  • Whole
  • Woman Suffrage
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Agriculture
  • Alcoholic Liquor Traffic
  • Appropriations
  • Banking and Currency
  • Census
  • Claims
  • Coinage, Weights and Measures
  • Disposition of Executive Papers
  • District of Columbia
  • Education
  • Election of the President, Vice President and Representatives in Congress
  • Elections
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in the Agriculture Department
  • Expenditures in the Commerce Department
  • Expenditures in the Interior Department
  • Expenditures in the Justice Department
  • Expenditures in the Labor Department
  • Expenditures in the Navy Department
  • Expenditures in the Post Office Department
  • Expenditures in the State Department
  • Expenditures in the Treasury Department
  • Expenditures in the War Department
  • Expenditures on Public Buildings
  • Flood Control
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Industrial Arts and Expositions
  • Insular Affairs
  • Interstate and Foreign Commerce
  • Invalid Pensions
  • Irrigation of Arid Lands
  • Labor
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries
  • Mileage
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands
  • Railways and Canals
  • Reform in the Civil Service
  • Revision of Laws
  • Rivers and Harbors
  • Roads
  • Rules
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Territories
  • War Claims
  • Water Power (Special)
  • Ways and Means
  • Woman Suffrage
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Disposition of (Useless) Executive Papers
  • Interstate Commerce
  • Postal Salaries
  • Reclassification of Salaries
  • Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol: Elliott Woods
  • Librarian of Congress: Herbert Putnam
  • Public Printer of the United States: Cornelius Ford
  • Senate

  • Chaplain: F.J. Prettyman (Methodist)
  • Secretary: James M. Baker of South Carolina
  • Sergeant at Arms: Charles P. Higgins of Indiana
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain: Henry N. Couden (Universalist)
  • Clerk: South Trimble
  • Doorkeeper: Joseph J. Sinnott
  • Postmaster: William M. Dunbar
  • Clerk at the Speaker’s Table: Bennett C. Clark
  • Clarence A. Cannon
  • Sergeant at Arms: Robert B. Gordon
  • References

    65th United States Congress Wikipedia


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