Neha Patil (Editor)

63rd United States Congress

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Covid-19
Senate President  Thomas R. Marshall (D)
House Speaker  Champ Clark (D)
House Majority  Democratic
Senate Pres. pro tem  James P. Clarke (D)
Senate Majority  Democratic
63rd United States Congress
Members  96 Senators 435 Representatives 5 Non-voting members

The Sixty-third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1913 to March 4, 1915, during the first two years of Woodrow Wilson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Contents

Major events

  • March 4, 1913: Woodrow Wilson became President of the United States.
  • March 9, 1914: The Senate adopted a rule forbidding smoking on the floor of the Senate because Senator Ben Tillman, recovering from a stroke, found the smoke irritating.
  • July 28, 1914: World War I began in Europe
  • August 15, 1914: The Panama Canal was inaugurated
  • August 19, 1914: President Woodrow Wilson declared strict U.S. neutrality
  • November 1914: United States House of Representatives elections, 1914 and United States Senate elections, 1914
  • November 16, 1914: Federal Reserve Bank opened
  • Major legislation

  • May 27, 1913: Kern Resolution
  • July 9, 1913: Saboth Act
  • July 15, 1913: Newlands Labor Act
  • October 3, 1913: Revenue Act of 1913 (Federal Income Tax), including Underwood Tariff
  • October 22, 1913: Urgent Deficiencies Act
  • December 19, 1913: Raker Act
  • December 23, 1913: Federal Reserve Act, ch. 6, 38 Stat. 251, 12 U.S.C. § 221, et seq.
  • May 8, 1914: Smith-Lever Act, ch. 79, 38 Stat. 372, 7 U.S.C. § 341
  • June 24, 1914: Cutter Service Act
  • June 30, 1914: Cooperative Funds Act
  • July 17, 1914: Agricultural Entry Act
  • July 18, 1914: Aviation Service Act
  • July 21, 1914: Borland Amendment
  • August 13, 1914: Smith-Hayden Act
  • August 15, 1914: Sponge Act
  • August 18, 1914: Cotton Futures Act of 1914
  • August 18, 1914: Foreign Ship Registry Act
  • August 22, 1914: Glacier National Park Act of 1914
  • September 2, 1914: War Risk Insurance Act (Rayburn Act)
  • September 26, 1914: Federal Trade Commission Act, ch. 311, 38 Stat. 717, 15 U.S.C. § 41
  • October 2, 1914: River and Harbors Act of 1914
  • October 15, 1914: Clayton Antitrust Act, ch. 323, 38 Stat. 730, 15 U.S.C. § 12, et seq.
  • October 22, 1914: Emergency Internal Revenue Tax Act
  • December 17, 1914: Harrison Narcotics Tax Act
  • January 28, 1915: Coast Guard Act
  • March 4, 1915: Merchant Marine Act of 1915
  • March 4, 1915: River and Harbors Act of 1915
  • March 4, 1915: Standard Barrel Act For Fruits, Vegetables, and Dry Commodities
  • March 4, 1915: Federal Boiler Inspection Act
  • March 4, 1915: Uniform Bill of Lading Act
  • March 4, 1915: Occupancy Permits Act
  • Constitutional amendments

  • April 8, 1913: 17th Amendment was ratified, creating a popularly elected U.S. Senate instead of the original process of appointment by state legislatures.
  • House of Representatives

  • Democratic (D): 291 (majority)
  • Republican (R): 134
  • Progressive (P): 9
  • Independent (I): 1
  • TOTAL members: 435

    Senate

  • President of the Senate: Thomas R. Marshall
  • President pro tempore: James P. Clarke
  • Majority Whip: J. Hamilton Lewis (D)
  • Minority Whip: James Wadsworth, Jr. (R) until March 4; Charles Curtis (R) starting March 4
  • Democratic Caucus Chair : John W. Kern
  • Republican Conference Chairman: Jacob Harold Gallinger
  • Democratic Caucus Secretary: Willard Saulsbury Jr.
  • Republican Conference Secretary: William Squire Kenyon
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Champ Clark (D)
  • Majority (Democratic) leadership

  • Majority Leader: Oscar Underwood
  • Majority Whip: Thomas M. Bell
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: A. Mitchell Palmer
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Frank Ellsworth Doremus
  • Minority (Republican) leadership

  • Minority Leader: James R. Mann
  • Minority Whip: Charles H. Burke
  • Republican Conference Chair: William S. Greene
  • Senate

    Skip to House of Representatives, below

    Most Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. A few senators were elected directly by the residents of the state. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. Senior senators are listed first.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

    Senate

  • replacements: 3
  • Democratic: 2 seat net gain
  • Republican: 2 seat net loss
  • deaths: 3
  • resignations: 3
  • vacancy: 3
  • Total seats with changes: 9
  • House of Representatives

  • replacements: 20
  • Democratic: 1 seat gain
  • Republican: 2 seat loss
  • Progressive: 1 seat gain
  • deaths: 11
  • resignations: 19
  • contested elections: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 15
  • Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.

    Senate

  • Additional Accommodations for the Library of Congress (Select)
  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Appropriations
  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • Banking and Currency
  • Canadian Relations
  • Census
  • Civil Service and Retrenchment
  • Claims
  • Coast and Insular Survey
  • Coast Defenses
  • Commerce
  • Conservation of National Resources
  • Corporations Organized in the District of Columbia
  • Cuban Relations
  • Disposition of Useless Papers in the Executive Departments
  • District of Columbia
  • Education and Labor
  • Engrossed Bills
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Establish a University in the United States (Select)
  • Examine the Several Branches in the Civil Service
  • Expenditures in the Department of Agriculture
  • Expenditures in the Department of Commerce
  • Expenditures in the Interior Department
  • Expenditures in the Department of Justice
  • Expenditures in the Department of Labor
  • Expenditures in the Navy Department
  • Expenditures in the Post Office Department
  • Expenditures in the Department of State
  • Expenditures in the Treasury Department
  • Expenditures in the War Department
  • Finance
  • Fisheries
  • Five Civilized Tribes of Indians
  • Foreign Relations
  • Forest Reservations and the Protection of Game
  • Geological Survey
  • Immigration
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Industrial Expositions
  • Interoceanic Canals
  • Interstate Commerce
  • Irrigation and Reclamation
  • Judiciary
  • Library
  • Manufactures
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Mississippi River and its Tributaries (Select)
  • National Banks
  • Naval Affairs
  • Pacific Islands and Puerto Rico
  • Pacific Railroads
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Philippines
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Printing
  • Private Land Claims
  • Privileges and Elections
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Health and National Quarantine
  • Public Lands
  • Railroads
  • Revision of the Laws
  • Revolutionary Claims
  • Rules
  • Standards, Weights and Measures
  • Tariff Regulation (Select)
  • Telepost (Select)
  • Territories
  • Transportation and Sale of Meat Products (Select)
  • Transportation Routes to the Seaboard
  • Trespassers upon Indian Lands (Select)
  • Whole
  • Woman Suffrage
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Agriculture
  • Alcoholic Liquor Traffic
  • Appropriations
  • Banking and Currency
  • Census
  • Claims
  • Coinage, Weights and Measures
  • Disposition of Executive Papers
  • District of Columbia
  • Education
  • Election of the President, Vice President and Representatives in Congress
  • Elections
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in the Agriculture Department
  • Expenditures in the Commerce Department
  • Expenditures in the Interior Department
  • Expenditures in the Justice Department
  • Expenditures in the Labor Department
  • Expenditures in the Navy Department
  • Expenditures in the Post Office Department
  • Expenditures in the State Department
  • Expenditures in the Treasury Department
  • Expenditures in the War Department
  • Expenditures on Public Buildings
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Industrial Arts and Expositions
  • Insular Affairs
  • Interstate and Foreign Commerce
  • Invalid Pensions
  • Irrigation of Arid Lands
  • Labor
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries
  • Mileage
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands
  • Railways and Canals
  • Reform in the Civil Service
  • Revision of Laws
  • Rivers and Harbors
  • Roads
  • Rules
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Territories
  • War Claims
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Armor Plant Costs (Special)
  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Federal Aid in Construction of Post Roads
  • Disposition of (Useless) Executive Papers
  • Investigate the General Parcel Post
  • Postage on 2nd Class Mail Matter and Compensation for Transportation of Mail
  • Second Class Mail Matter and Compensation for Rail Mail Service
  • Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol: Elliott Woods
  • Librarian of Congress: Herbert Putnam
  • Public Printer of the United States: Samuel B. Donnelly (until 1913), Cornelius Ford (starting 1913)
  • Senate

  • Secretary:
  • Charles G. Bennett of New York
  • James M. Baker of South Carolina, elected March 13, 1913.
  • Sergeant at Arms:
  • E. Livingston Cornelius of Maryland, elected December 10, 1912
  • Charles P. Higgins of Indiana, elected March 13, 1913
  • Chaplain: Edward Everett Hale, Unitarian, until March 13, 1913, F.J. Prettyman, Methodist, elected March 13, 1913.
  • House of Representatives

  • Clerk: South Trimble of Kentucky, elected April 7, 1913.
  • Sergeant at Arms: Robert B. Gordon of Ohio, elected April 7, 1913.
  • Doorkeeper: Joseph J. Sinnott of Virginia, elected April 7, 1913.
  • Postmaster: William M. Dunbar of Georgia, elected April 7, 1913.
  • Clerk at the Speaker’s Table: Bennett C. Clark
  • Chaplain: Henry N. Couden, Universalist, elected April 7, 1913.
  • References

    63rd United States Congress Wikipedia


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