Kalpana Kalpana (Editor)

63d Operations Group

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Covid-19
Active  1940–1963
Type  Airlift
Country  United States
63d Operations Group
Branch  United States Air Force

The 63d Troop Carrier Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last was assigned to the 63d Troop Carrier Wing, Eastern Transport Air Force (MATS), stationed at Hunter Air Force Base, Georgia. It was inactivated on 18 January 1963.

Contents

History

For additional history and lineage, see 63d Airlift Wing

Activated in 1940 as a training organization for transport crews. During World War II continued training mission for troop carrier aircraft, being associated with I Troop Carrier Command. Inactivated in April 1944.

On 10 May 1949 the group was reconstituted as an Air Force Reserve group as part of Tactical Air Command It was equipped with C-54 Skymasters and assigned to Floyd Bennett Field, New York. It was activated to Federal Service on 1 May 1951, and its personnel and equipment were sent to Japan to be used in the Korean War with the 61st Troop Carrier Group. With its personnel and equipment deployed, the group was inactivated on 9 May 1951.

Reactivated in 1953 under Eighteenth Air Force, Tactical Air Command flying C-119 Flying Boxcars. Transported personnel and supplies, and participated in exercises and maneuvers with Army airborne troops. Upgraded to C-124 Globemaster II heavy strategic transports in 1954 and participated in maneuvers, exercises and the airlift of personnel and cargo to many points throughout the world.

Parent 63d Troop Carrier Wing became part of Military Air Transport Service on 1 July 1957 however retained troop carrier identity and were remained dedicated to support TAC on troop deployments. Under MATS, performed global airlift missions, including occasional humanitarian or mercy missions, using C-124s as its primary aircraft in the 1958 Lebanon crisis; the 1958 Taiwan Strait Crisis when group assisted intercontinental transport of a complete operational Air Force squadron being airlifted in a single-package operation; the Congo Crisis of 1962 and to Southeast Asia where C-124s transported Thai and United States Marines to locations near the Mekong River in Thailand to deter communist aggression in 1962.

Inactivated in 1963 when parent wing moved to Hunter AFB and squadrons were assigned directly to the wing under the Tri-Deputate organization.

Lineage

  • Constituted as the 63d Transport Group on 20 November 1940
  • Activated on 1 December 1940 Redesignated 63d Troop Carrier Group in Jul 1942 Disbanded on 14 April 1944
  • Reconstituted and redesignated 63d Troop Carrier Group, Medium on 10 May 1949
  • Activated in the reserve on 27 June 1949 Activated to Federal Service on 1 May 1951 Inactivated on 9 May 1951
  • Redesignated 63d Troop Carrier Group, Heavy on 1 June 1953
  • Activated on 20 June 1953 Inactivated on 18 January 1963
  • Redesignated 63d Military Airlift Group
  • Activated on 15 September 1978 Inactivated on 1 July 1980
  • Redesignated 63d Operations Group
  • Activated on 1 January 1992 Inactivated c. 1 April 1994

    Assignments

  • Air Service Command (ASC), 1 December 1940 – April 1942
  • 53rd Troop Carrier Wing, April 1942 – July 1943
  • Army Air Forces Training Command, July 1943 – 14 April 1944
  • First Air Force, 27 June 1949 – 9 May 1951
  • 63d Troop Carrier Wing, 20 June 1953 – 18 January 1963
  • 63d Military Airlift Wing, 15 September 1978 – 1 July 1980
  • 63d Airlift Wing, 1 January 1992 – c. 1 April 1994
  • Components

  • 3rd Transport (later Troop Carrier) Squadron: 1 December 1940 – 14 April 1944; 27 June 1949 – 9 May 1951; 20 June 1953 – 18 January 1963
  • 6th Transport (later Troop Carrier) Squadron: 1 December 1940 – 12 November 1942
  • 9th Transport (later Troop Carrier) Squadron: 1 December 1940 – 3 February 1944; 27 June 1949 – 9 May 1951; 20 June 1953 – 18 January 1963
  • 52nd Troop Carrier Squadron: 15 June 1942 – 14 April 1944; 27 June 1949 – 9 May 1951; 20 June 1953 – 18 January 1963
  • 60th Troop Carrier Squadron: 26 October 1942 – 14 April 1944; 27 June 1949 – 9 May 1951
  • Aircraft

  • Used C-33, C-34, and C-50 aircraft; later equipped with C-47’s and C-53’s for training, 1940–1944
  • C-54 Skymaster, 1949–1951
  • C-119 Flying Boxcar, 1953–1954
  • C-124 Globemaster II, 1954–1963
  • References

    63d Operations Group Wikipedia


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