Puneet Varma (Editor)

62nd United States Congress

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House Speaker  Champ Clark
House Majority  Democratic
Senate Majority  Republican
62nd United States Congress
Senate President  James S. Sherman (R) until October 30, 1912 Vacant from October 30, 1912
Senate Pres. pro tem  Augustus O. Bacon (D) Charles Curtis (R) Jacob H. Gallinger (R) Frank B. Brandegee (R) Henry Cabot Lodge (R)
Members  96 Senators 394 Representatives 7 Non-voting members

The Sixty-second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1911 to March 4, 1913, during the third and fourth years of William H. Taft's presidency.


The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twelfth Census of the United States in 1900. Additional House seats were assigned to the two new states of New Mexico and Arizona. The size of the House was to be 435 starting with the new Congress coming into session in 1913. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.

Major events

  • April 27, 1911: Following the resignation and death of William P. Frye, a compromise is reached to rotate the office of President pro tempore of the United States Senate.
  • April 30, 1911: Great Fire of 1911
  • May 15, 1911: The Supreme Court declared Standard Oil to be an "unreasonable" monopoly under the Sherman Antitrust Act and ordered the company to be dissolved.
  • April 15, 1912: The RMS Titanic sank.
  • June 5, 1912: U.S. Marines landed in Cuba.
  • June 18, 1912: The Republican National Convention nominated incumbent President William Taft in Chicago, defeating a challenge by former President Theodore Roosevelt, whose delegates bolted the convention.
  • June 25, 1912: The Democratic National Convention nominated New Jersey Gov. Woodrow Wilson in Baltimore.
  • August 5, 1912: Dissident Republicans formed the Progressive or Bull Moose Party, and nominated former President Theodore Roosevelt as their presidential candidate.
  • October 30, 1912: Vice President James S. Sherman died.
  • November 5, 1912: U.S. presidential election, 1912: Woodrow Wilson (D) beat incumbent William Howard Taft (R) and Theodore Roosevelt (P).
  • Major legislation

  • August 8, 1911: Public Law 62-5, Pub.L. 62–5 (set House of Representatives size at 435 members)
  • August 24, 1912: Lloyd–La Follette Act, ch. 389, §6, 37 Stat. 539
  • February 13, 1913: Carlin Act
  • March 1, 1913: Webb–Kenyon Act
  • March 1, 1913: Railway Evaluation Act
  • March 3, 1913: Publicity In Taking Evidence Act
  • March 3, 1913: Virus-Serum-Toxin Act
  • March 3, 1913: Gould Amendment
  • March 4, 1913: Arlington Memorial Amphitheater Act
  • March 4, 1913: Road and Trails Fund Act
  • March 4, 1913: Burnett Act
  • March 4, 1913: Weeks–McLean Act
  • March 4, 1913: Federal Revenue Sharing Act
  • March 4, 1913: Rivers and Harbors Act of 1913
  • March 4, 1913: Burnt Timber Act
  • March 4, 1913: Labor Department Act, 37 Stat. 736
  • Constitutional amendments

  • May 13, 1912: 17th Amendment passed Congress and sent to the states for ratification. It would create a popularly elected U.S. Senate instead of the original process of appointment by state legislatures.
  • February 3, 1913: 16th Amendment was ratified, authorizing the Federal government to impose and collect income taxes.
  • States admitted and territories created

  • January 6, 1912: New Mexico admitted to the Union.
  • February 14, 1912: Arizona admitted to the Union
  • August 24, 1912: Alaska Territory created.
  • House of Representatives

  • Democratic (D): 230 (majority)
  • Republican (R): 162
  • Socialist (S): 1
  • Independent (I): 1
  • TOTAL members: 394


  • President: James S. Sherman, until October 30, 1912; thereafter vacant
  • Presidents pro tempore: William P. Frye (R), until April 27, 1911.
  • For the remainder of this Congress, the office rotated among five Senators. The Senate at that time was split between progressive Republicans, conservative Republicans, and Democrats. Each put forth a candidate, and the ballots were deadlocked until August 1911 when a compromise was reached. Democrat Augustus Bacon served for one day on August 14, 1911, and thereafter he and four Republicans rotated holding the seat for the remainder of the Congress. These Republicans were: Charles Curtis, Jacob H. Gallinger, Frank B. Brandegee, and Henry Cabot Lodge.
  • Republican Conference Chairman: Shelby Moore Cullom
  • Democratic Caucus Chair: Thomas S. Martin
  • Republican Conference Secretary: Charles Curtis
  • Democratic Caucus Secretary: William E. Chilton
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Champ Clark (D)
  • Majority (Democratic) leadership

  • Majority Leader: Oscar Underwood
  • Majority Whip: vacant
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: Albert S. Burleson
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: James Tilghman Lloyd
  • Minority (Republican) leadership

  • Minority Leader: James R. Mann
  • Minority Whip: John W. Dwight
  • Republican Conference Chair: Frank Dunklee Currier
  • Members

    Skip to House of Representatives, below


    At this time, most Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. A few senators were elected directly by the residents of the state. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

    House of Representatives

    The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.


    There were 20 changes: 6 deaths, 2 resignations, 1 invalidated election, 6 appointees replaced by electees, 4 seats added from new states, and 1 seat vacant from the previous Congress. Democrats had a 4-seat net gain, and no other parties had a net change.

    House of Representatives

    Sorted Chronologically by date of vacancy

    House vacancies are only filled by elections. State laws regulate when (and if) there will be special elections.


    Lists of committees and their party leaders.


  • Additional Accommodations for the Library of Congress (Select)
  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Appropriations
  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • Canadian Relations
  • Census
  • Civil Service and Retrenchment
  • Claims
  • Coast and Insular Survey
  • Coast Defenses
  • Commerce
  • Conservation of National Resources
  • Corporations Organized in the District of Columbia
  • Cuban Relations
  • Disposition of Useless Papers in the Executive Departments
  • Distributing Public Revenue Among the States (Select)
  • District of Columbia
  • Education and Labor
  • Election of William Lorimer (Select)
  • Engrossed Bills
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Establish a University in the United States (Select)
  • Examine the Several Branches in the Civil Service
  • Expenditures in the Department of Agriculture
  • Expenditures in the Department of Commerce and Labor
  • Expenditures in the Interior Department
  • Expenditures in the Department of Justice
  • Expenditures in the Navy Department
  • Expenditures in the Post Office Department
  • Expenditures in the Department of State
  • Expenditures in the Treasury Department
  • Expenditures in the War Department
  • Finance
  • Fisheries
  • Five Civilized Tribes of Indians
  • Foreign Relations
  • Forest Reservations and the Protection of Game
  • Geological Survey
  • Immigration
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Impeachment of Robert H. Archibald (Select)
  • Indian Affairs
  • Industrial Expositions
  • Interoceanic Canals
  • Interstate Commerce
  • Irrigation and Reclamation
  • Judiciary
  • Library
  • Manufactures
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Mississippi River and its Tributaries (Select)
  • National Banks
  • Naval Affairs
  • Pacific Islands and Puerto Rico
  • Pacific Railroads
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Philippines
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Printing
  • Private Land Claims
  • Privileges and Elections
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Health and National Quarantine
  • Public Lands
  • Railroads
  • Revision of the Laws
  • Revolutionary Claims
  • Rules
  • Standards, Weights and Measures
  • Tariff Regulation (Select)
  • Territories
  • Third Degree Ordeal
  • Transportation and Sale of Meat Products (Select)
  • Transportation Routes to the Seaboard
  • Trespassers upon Indian Lands (Select)
  • Whole
  • Woman Suffrage
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Agriculture
  • Alcoholic Liquor Traffic
  • Appropriations
  • American Sugar Refining Company (Special)
  • Banking and Currency
  • Census
  • Claims
  • Coinage, Weights and Measures
  • Disposition of Executive Papers
  • District of Columbia
  • Education
  • Election of the President, Vice President and Representatives in Congress
  • Elections
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in the Agriculture Department
  • Expenditures in the Commerce and Labor Departments
  • Expenditures in the Interior Department
  • Expenditures in the Justice Department
  • Expenditures in the Navy Department
  • Expenditures in the Post Office Department
  • Expenditures in the State Department
  • Expenditures in the Treasury Department
  • Expenditures in the War Department
  • Expenditures on Public Buildings
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Industrial Arts and Expositions
  • Insular Affairs
  • Interstate and Foreign Commerce
  • Invalid Pensions
  • Irrigation of Arid Lands
  • Labor
  • Levees and Improvements of the Mississippi River
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries
  • Mileage
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands
  • Railways and Canals
  • Reform in the Civil Service
  • Revision of Laws
  • Rivers and Harbors
  • Rules
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Territories
  • War Claims
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Disposition of (Useless) Executive Papers
  • Federal Aid in Construction of Post Roads
  • Investigations of Conditions in Alaska
  • Investigate the General Parcel Post
  • Postage on 2nd Class Mail Matter and Compensation for Transportation of Mail
  • Second Class Mail Matter and Compensation for Rail Mail Service
  • Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol: Elliott Woods
  • Librarian of Congress: Herbert Putnam
  • Public Printer of the United States: Samuel B. Donnelly
  • Senate

  • Chaplain: Ulysses G.B. Pierce, Unitarian
  • Secretary: Charles G. Bennett of New York
  • Sergeant at Arms:
  • Daniel M. Ransdell of Indiana
  • E. Livingston Cornelius of Maryland, elected December 10, 1912
  • House of Representatives

  • Clerk: South Trimble of Kentucky
  • Chaplain: Henry N. Couden, Universalist
  • Clerk at the Speaker’s Table: Charles R. Crisp
  • Doorkeeper: Joseph J. Sinnott of Virginia
  • Postmaster: William M. Dunbar of Georgia
  • Sergeant at Arms:
  • W. Stokes Jackson of Indiana, died June 1912.
  • Charles F. Riddell of Indiana, elected July 18, 1912.
  • References

    62nd United States Congress Wikipedia

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