|Covid-19|September 14 – Emperor Heraclius enters Constantinople in triumph. In a ceremonial parade, accompanied by the True Cross, he is welcomed by the citizens and his son Heraclius Constantine.
September – Jerusalem is reconquered by the Byzantines (after 15 years of occupation) from the Persian Empire. The war ends and a new "Golden Age" begins for the Byzantine Empire.
Heraclius styles himself as Basileus, Greek word for "sovereign", and takes the ancient title of "King of Kings", after his victory over Persia.
King Chlothar II dies after a 16-year reign and is succeeded by his son Dagobert I. Counseled by bishop Arnulf of Metz and Pepin of Landen (Mayor of the Palace) he moves the capital to Paris.
Charibert II, half-brother of Dagobert I, becomes king of Aquitaine (Southern France), and establishes his capital at Toulouse. Charibert's realm also includes Agen, Cahors, and Périgueux.
Battle of Fid Eoin: King Connad Cerr of Dál Riata (modern Scotland) is defeated by Dál nAraidi, ruler of Cruthin (Ireland) (approximate date).
Summer – Muhammad, Islamic prophet, succeeds in unifying all of the nomadic tribes of the Arabian Peninsula. He converts them to Islam and prepares an expedition against the Jews.
May/June – Battle of Khaybar: Muhammad and his followers defeat the Jews living in the fortified oasis at Khaybar, located 150 kilometers from Medina.
September – Battle of Mu'tah: Muhammad fails to take the lands east of the Jordan River, and is pushed back near Mu'tah by the Ghassanids.
April 27 – Shahrbaraz usurps the throne of the Sasanian Empire from Ardashir III, but is himself deposed forty days later by nobility in favour of Borandukht. Khosrow III briefly rules Khorasan in the confusion, until he is assassinated by the governor of the province.
Winter – Emperor Tai Zong of the Tang Dynasty launches an campaign against the Eastern Turkic Khaganate (Central Asia).
Emperor Jomei succeeds his great aunt, empress Suiko, and ascends to the throne of Japan.
The Maya military outpost of Dos Pilas (Guatemala) is founded, in order to control trade routes in the Petexbatún region. B'alaj Chan K'awiil is installed as its leader by his father, K'inich Muwaan Jol II, the ruler of Tikal.
Xuanzang, Chinese Buddhist monk, sets out for India from the Tang Dynasty capital Chang'an on a pilgrimage.
Muhammad meets Al-Khansa, Arabic poet, and converts her to Islam.
Dōshō, Japanese Buddhist monk (d. 700)
Chlothar II, king of the Franks
Conall mac Máele Dúib, king of Uí Maine (Ireland)
Connad Cerr, king of Dál Riata (Scotland)
Eochaid Buide, king of Dál Riata
Eustace of Luxeuil, Frankish abbot
Jafar ibn Abi Talib, companion of Muhammad and older brother of Ali ibn Abi Talib
Pei Ji, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty (b. 570)
Kinana ibn al-Rabi, Jewish leader
Year 629 (DCXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 629 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.