Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

61st United States Congress

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Covid-19
Senate President  James S. Sherman (R)
House Speaker  Joseph G. Cannon (R)
House Majority  Republican
Senate Pres. pro tem  William P. Frye (R)
Senate Majority  Republican
61st United States Congress
Members  92 Senators 391 Representatives 7 Non-voting members

The Sixty-first United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1909 to March 4, 1911, during the first two years of William H. Taft's Presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twelfth Census of the United States in 1900. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Contents

Major events

  • March 4, 1909: William Howard Taft became President of the United States
  • Major legislation

  • August 5, 1909 – Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act, ch. 6, 36 Stat. 11
  • June 18, 1910: Mann-Elkins Act, ch. 309, 36 Stat. 539
  • June 25, 1910: Mann Act, ch. 395, 36 Stat. 825
  • March 3, 1911: Judicial Code of 1911, ch. 231, 36 Stat. 1087
  • Constitutional amendments

  • July 12, 1909: Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution passed by Congress and submitted to the states for ratification.
  • House of Representatives

  • Republican: 219 (majority)
  • Democratic: 171
  • Independent Democratic: 1
  • TOTAL members: 391

    Senate

  • President: James S. Sherman (R)
  • President pro tempore: William P. Frye (R)
  • Republican Conference Chairman: Eugene Hale
  • Democratic Caucus Chair: Hernando Money
  • Democratic Caucus Secretary: Robert Latham Owen
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Joseph Gurney Cannon (R)
  • Majority (Republican) leadership

  • Majority Leader: Sereno E. Payne
  • Majority Whip: John W. Dwight
  • Republican Conference Chair: Frank Dunklee Currier
  • Minority (Democratic) leadership

  • Minority Leader: Champ Clark
  • Minority Whip: vacant
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: Henry De Lamar Clayton, Jr.
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: James Tilghman Lloyd
  • Members

    Skip to House of Representatives, below

    Senate

    At this time, most Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. A few senators were elected directly by the residents of the state. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

    Senate

  • replacements: 13
  • Democratic: 1 seat net gain
  • Republican: 1 seat net loss
  • deaths: 8
  • resignations: 2
  • vacancy: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 14
  • House of Representatives

  • replacements: 12
  • Democratic: 3 seat gain
  • Republican: 3 seat loss
  • deaths: 12
  • resignations: 6
  • contested elections: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 21
  • Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.

    Senate

  • Additional Accommodations for the Library of Congress (Select)
  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Appropriations
  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • Canadian Relations
  • Census
  • Civil Service and Retrenchment
  • Claims
  • Coast and Insular Survey
  • Coast Defenses
  • Commerce
  • Conservation of National Resources
  • Corporations Organized in the District of Columbia
  • Cuban Relations
  • Disposition of Useless Papers in the Executive Departments
  • Distributing Public Revenue Among the States (Select)
  • District of Columbia
  • Education and Labor
  • Engrossed Bills
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Establish a University in the United States (Select)
  • Examination of Disposition of Documents (Select)
  • Examine the Several Branches in the Civil Service
  • Expenditures in the Department of Agriculture
  • Expenditures in the Interior Department
  • Expenditures in the Department of Justice (Select)
  • Expenditures in the Navy Department (Select)
  • Expenditures in the Post Office Department
  • Expenditures in the Department of State (Select)
  • Expenditures in the Treasury Department (Select)
  • Expenditures in the War Department (Select)
  • Finance
  • Fisheries
  • Five Civilized Tribes of Indians (Select)
  • Foreign Relations
  • Forest Reservations and the Protection of Game
  • Geological Survey
  • Immigration
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Indian Contracts Investigation (Select)
  • Industrial Expositions
  • Interoceanic Canals
  • Interstate Commerce
  • Irrigation and Reclamation
  • Judiciary
  • Library
  • Manufactures
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Mississippi River and its Tributaries (Select)
  • National Banks
  • Naval Affairs
  • Pacific Islands and Puerto Rico
  • Pacific Railroads
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Philippines
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Potomac River Front (Select)
  • Printing
  • Private Land Claims
  • Privileges and Elections
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Expenditures
  • Public Health and National Quarantine
  • Public Lands
  • Railroads
  • Revision of the Laws
  • Revolutionary Claims
  • Rules
  • Standards, Weights and Measures (Select)
  • Tariff Regulation (Select)
  • Territories
  • Third Degree Ordeal
  • Transportation and Sale of Meat Products (Select)
  • Transportation Routes to the Seaboard
  • Trespassers upon Indian Lands (Select)
  • Wages and Prices of Commodities (Select)
  • Whole
  • Woman Suffrage
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Agriculture
  • Alcoholic Liquor Traffic
  • Appropriations
  • Banking and Currency
  • Census
  • Claims
  • Coinage, Weights and Measures
  • Disposition of Executive Papers
  • District of Columbia
  • Education
  • Election of the President, Vice President and Representatives in Congress
  • Elections
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in the Agriculture Department
  • Expenditures in the Commerce and Labor Departments
  • Expenditures in the Interior Department
  • Expenditures in the Justice Department
  • Expenditures in the Navy Department
  • Expenditures in the Post Office Department
  • Expenditures in the State Department
  • Expenditures in the Treasury Department
  • Expenditures in the War Department
  • Expenditures on Public Buildings
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Industrial Arts and Expositions
  • Insular Affairs
  • Interstate and Foreign Commerce
  • Invalid Pensions
  • Irrigation of Arid Lands
  • Labor
  • Levees and Improvements of the Mississippi River
  • Manufactures
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries
  • Mileage
  • Military Affairs
  • Militia
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Pacific Railroads
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands
  • Railways and Canals
  • Reform in the Civil Service
  • Revision of Laws
  • Rivers and Harbors
  • Rules
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Territories
  • Ventilation and Acoustics
  • War Claims
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Disposition of (Useless) Executive Papers
  • Investigate the Interior Department and Forestry Service
  • Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol: Elliott Woods
  • Librarian of Congress: Herbert Putnam
  • Public Printer of the United States: Samuel B. Donnelly
  • Senate

  • Chaplain:
  • Edward E. Hale (Unitarian) until June 10, 1909
  • Ulysses G.B. Pierce (Unitarian) elected June 18, 1909
  • Secretary: Charles G. Bennett
  • Sergeant at Arms: Daniel M. Ransdell
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain: Henry N. Couden (Universalist)
  • Clerk: Alexander McDowell
  • Doorkeeper: Frank B. Lyon
  • Clerk at the Speaker’s Table: Asher C. Hinds
  • Postmaster: Samuel Langum
  • Sergeant at Arms: Henry Casson
  • References

    61st United States Congress Wikipedia


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