| Thomas Jefferson (DR)|
| Jonathan Dayton (F)|
| William Bradford (F)
Jacob Read (F)
Theodore Sedgwick (F)
John Laurance (F)
James Ross (F)|
The Fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met at Congress Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from March 4, 1797 to March 4, 1799, during the first two years of John Adams's presidency.
The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the First Census of the United States in 1790. Both chambers had a Federalist majority.
March 4, 1797 – John Adams and Thomas Jefferson became President and Vice President of the United States
July 8, 1797 - The Senate expelled Tennessee Senator William Blount for conspiring with the British
July 11, 1798 - The United States Marine Corps was established
XYZ Affair in the U.S., followed by naval skirmishes but no war is declared
April 30, 1798: The U.S. Department of the Navy was established, Sess. 2, ch. 35, 1 Stat. 553
June 18, 1798: Alien and Sedition Acts: ("An Act to establish a uniform rule of naturalization") (Naturalization Act of 1798), Sess. 2, ch. 54, 1 Stat. 566
June 25, 1798: Alien and Sedition Acts: ("An Act concerning Aliens"), Sess. 2, ch. 58, 1 Stat. 570
July 6, 1798: Alien and Sedition Acts: ("An Act respecting Alien Enemies"), Sess. 2, ch. 66, 1 Stat. 577
July 9, 1798: Act Further to Protect the Commerce of the United States, Sess. 2, ch. 68, 1 Stat. 578
July 11, 1798: The United States Marine Corps was established, Sess. 2, ch. 72, 1 Stat. 594
July 14, 1798: Alien and Sedition Acts: ("An Act for the punishment of certain crimes against the United States") (Sedition Act), Sess. 2, ch. 74, 1 Stat. 596
July 16, 1798: Marine Hospital Service Act ("An Act for the relief of sick and disabled Seamen"), Sess. 2, ch. 77, 1 Stat. 605
April 7, 1798 - Mississippi Territory was organized, Sess. 2, ch. 28, 1 Stat. 549. It was formerly a portion of Georgia and South Carolina
June 7, 1797: Treaty of Tripoli between the United States and Tripoli.
July 7, 1797: Existing treaties with France were rescinded, Sess. 2, ch. 67, 1 Stat. 578
5th United States Congress Wikipedia
Details on changes are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.President: Thomas Jefferson (DR)
President pro tempore: William Bradford (F), elected July 6, 1797
Jacob Read (F), elected November 22, 1797
Theodore Sedgwick (F), elected June 27, 1798
John Laurance (F), elected December 6, 1798
James Ross (F), elected March 1, 1799
Speaker: Jonathan Dayton (F)
This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.
Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1802; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1798; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1800.
The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress
There were 9 resignations, 2 deaths, 1 expulsion, 1 late selection, and 2 elections to replace appointees. Neither party had a net gain of seats.
There were 9 resignations and 3 deaths. The Federalists had a 1-seat net loss and the Democratic-Republicans had a 1-seat net gain.
Lists of committees and their party leaders.Whole
Commerce and Manufactures
Revisal and Unfinished Business
Standards of Official Conduct
Ways and Means
Architect of the Capitol: William Thornton
Secretary: Samuel A. Otis of Massachusetts, elected April 8, 1789
Doorkeeper: James Mathers of New York, elected April 7, 1789
Chaplain: William White, Episcopalian, elected December 9, 1790
Clerk: Jonathan W. Condy of Pennsylvania, elected May 15, 1797
Sergeant at Arms: Joseph Wheaton of Rhode Island, elected May 15, 1797
Doorkeeper: Thomas Claxton, elected May 15, 1797
Chaplain: Ashbel Green, Presbyterian, elected May 15, 1797