Harman Patil (Editor)

59th United States Congress

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Covid-19
Senate Pres. pro tem  William P. Frye (R)
Senate Majority  Republican
House Speaker  Joseph G. Cannon (R)
House Majority  Republican
59th United States Congress
Senate President  Charles W. Fairbanks (R)
Members  90 Senators 386 Representatives 6 Non-voting members

The Fifty-ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1905 to March 4, 1907, during the fifth and sixth years of Theodore Roosevelt's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twelfth Census of the United States in 1900. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Contents

Major legislation

  • June 8, 1906: Antiquities Act
  • June 29, 1906: Hepburn Act
  • June 30, 1906: Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 (Wiley Act), ch. 3915, 34 Stat. 768
  • June 30, 1906: Meat Inspection Act (Beveridge Act)
  • 1906: The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching chartered.
  • March 2, 1907: Expatriation Act of 1907, 34 Stat. 1228
  • House of Representatives

  • Republican (R): 251 (majority)
  • Democratic (D): 135
  • TOTAL: 386

    Senate

  • President: Charles W. Fairbanks (R)
  • President pro tempore: William P. Frye (R)
  • Republican Conference Chairman: William B. Allison
  • Democratic Caucus Chair: Arthur Pue Gorman, until June 4, 1906
  • Joseph Clay Stiles Blackburn, afterwards
  • Democratic Caucus Secretary: Edward W. Carmack
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Joseph G. Cannon (R)
  • Majority (Republican) leadership

  • Majority Leader: Sereno E. Payne
  • Majority Whip: James E. Watson
  • Republican Conference Chair: William Peters Hepburn
  • Minority (Democratic) leadership

  • Minority Leader: John Sharp Williams
  • Minority Whip: James T. Lloyd
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: Robert Lee Henry
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: James M. Griggs
  • Members

    This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district.

    Skip to House of Representatives, below

    Senate

    At this time, Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

    Senate

  • replacements: 8
  • Democratic: no net change
  • Republican: no net change
  • deaths: 5
  • resignations: 1
  • vacancy: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 9
  • House of Representatives

  • replacements: 17
  • Democratic: no net change
  • Republican: no net change
  • deaths: 12
  • resignations: 11
  • contested elections: 1
  • new seats: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 26
  • Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.

    Senate

  • Additional Accommodations for the Library of Congress (Select)
  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Appropriations
  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • Canadian Relations
  • Census
  • Civil Service and Retrenchment
  • Claims
  • Coast and Insular Survey
  • Coast Defenses
  • Commerce
  • Corporations Organized in the District of Columbia
  • Cuban Relations
  • Distributing Public Revenue Among the States (Select)
  • District of Columbia
  • Education and Labor
  • Engrossed Bills
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Establish a University in the United States (Select)
  • Examination of Disposition of Documents (Select)
  • Examine the Several Branches in the Civil Service
  • Expenditures in Executive Departments
  • Finance
  • Fisheries
  • Five Civilized Tribes of Indians (Select)
  • Foreign Relations
  • Forest Reservations and the Protection of Game
  • Geological Survey
  • Immigration
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Industrial Expositions
  • Indian Territory (Select)
  • Interoceanic Canals
  • Interstate Commerce
  • Irrigation and Reclamation
  • Judiciary
  • Library
  • Manufactures
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Mississippi River and its Tributaries (Select)
  • National Banks (Select)
  • Naval Affairs
  • Pacific Islands and Puerto Rico
  • Pacific Railroads
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Philippines
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Potomac River Front (Select)
  • Printing
  • Private Land Claims
  • Privileges and Elections
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Health and National Quarantine
  • Public Lands
  • Railroads
  • Revision of the Laws
  • Revolutionary Claims
  • Rules
  • Standards, Weights and Measures (Select)
  • Tariff Regulation (Select)
  • Territories
  • Transportation and Sale of Meat Products (Select)
  • Transportation Routes to the Seaboard
  • Trespassers upon Indian Lands (Select)
  • Ventilation and Acoustics (Select)
  • Whole
  • Woman Suffrage (Select)
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Agriculture
  • Alcoholic Liquor Traffic
  • Appropriations
  • Banking and Currency
  • Census
  • Claims
  • Coinage, Weights and Measures
  • Disposition of Executive Papers
  • District of Columbia
  • Education
  • Election of the President, Vice President and Representatives in Congress
  • Elections
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in the Agriculture Department
  • Expenditures in the Commerce and Labor Departments
  • Expenditures in the Interior Department
  • Expenditures in the Justice Department
  • Expenditures in the Navy Department
  • Expenditures in the Post Office Department
  • Expenditures in the State Department
  • Expenditures in the Treasury Department
  • Expenditures in the War Department
  • Expenditures on Public Buildings
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Industrial Arts and Expositions
  • Insular Affairs
  • Interstate and Foreign Commerce
  • Invalid Pensions
  • Irrigation of Arid Lands
  • Labor
  • Levees and Improvements of the Mississippi River
  • Manufactures
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries
  • Mileage
  • Military Affairs
  • Militia
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Pacific Railroads
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands
  • Railways and Canals
  • Reform in the Civil Service
  • Revision of Laws
  • Rivers and Harbors
  • Rules
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Territories
  • Ventilation and Acoustics
  • War Claims
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Disposition of (Useless) Executive Papers
  • Revision of the Laws
  • Second Class Mail Matter
  • Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol: Elliott Woods
  • Librarian of Congress: Herbert Putnam
  • Public Printer of the United States: Frank W. Palmer (until 1905), Charles A. Stillings (starting 1905)
  • Senate

  • Secretary of the Senate: Charles G. Bennett of New York, elected February 1, 1900.
  • Sergeant at Arms of the Senate: Daniel M. Ransdell of Indiana, elected February 1, 1900.
  • Chaplain of the Senate
  • The Rev. Edward E. Hale, Unitarian, elected December 14, 1903.
  • House of Representatives

  • Clerk of the House: Alexander McDowell of Pennsylvania, elected December 4, 1905.
  • Sergeant at Arms of the House: Henry Casson of Wisconsin, elected December 4, 1905.
  • Doorkeeper of the House: Frank B. Lyon of New York, elected December 4, 1905.
  • Postmaster of the House: Joseph C. McElroy of Ohio, elected December 4, 1905.
  • Clerk at the Speaker’s Table: Asher C. Hinds
  • Chaplain: The Rev. Henry N. Couden, Universalist, elected December 4, 1905.
  • References

    59th United States Congress Wikipedia


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