| United States|
Air Weather Service
| 1943–1946; 1951-1958; 1964-1972|
United States Air Force
The 58th Reconnaissance Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force squadron. Its last was assigned to the 9th Weather Reconnaissance Wing at Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico, where it was inactivated in 1974.
58th Weather Reconnaissance Squadron Wikipedia
Activated as the 400th Fighter Squadron in early 1943 under Fourth Air Force; spent World War II in the United States as an Operational Training Unit (OTU), initially equipped with P-39 Airacobras for advanced fighter training. Reassigned to Third Air Force in 1944, becoming a Replacement Training Unit (RTU) for A-36 Apache fighter-dive bomber ground attack aircraft.
Reassigned to Stuttgart AAB, Arkansas in 1945 and redesignated as the 58th Reconnaissance Squadron (Weather), a long-range strategic weather reconnaissance squadron, training with B-25 Mitchells and long-ranger P-61C Black Widow Night Fighters modified for weather reconnaissance missions. Reassigned to Rapid City AAB, South Dakota in late 1945, using P-61Cs as part of a NACA/Air Weather Service Thunderstorm Project to learn more about thunderstorms and to use this knowledge to better protect civil and military airplanes that operated in their vicinity. The P-61's radar and particular flight characteristics enabled it to find and penetrate the most turbulent regions of a storm, and return crew and instruments intact for detailed study. Inactivated in 1946 as part of the general demobilization of the AAF.
Reactivated as part of Strategic Air Command in 1951 in Alaska, Equipped with very long range WB-29 Superfortresses 1951, upgrading to extended long-range WB-50D Superfortresses in 1956. Conducted long-range weather flights over the Arctic and along the northern periphery of the Soviet Union; the aircraft being equipped with sensors for detecting radioactive debris to gather evidence when the Soviets tested nuclear devices. Inactivated in 1958 as part of the phaseout of the WB-50s from SAC and development of faster jet aircraft for the long-range intelligence mission.
The squadron was reactivated in 1963 at Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico, assuming the assets of the discontinued 1211th Test Squadron. The squadron was equipped with twelve RB-57F Canberra (later WB-57F) reconnaissance aircraft. Most of the RB-57Fs were converted B-57Ds (a few were B-57Bs) equipped with two TF33 engines in place of the B-57B's J65, plus a pair of auxiliary J60s for high altitude and long range reconnaissance. Part of their duties involved high-altitude atmospheric sampling and radiation detection work in support of nuclear test monitoring. Over the next decade the RB-57Fs were flown on a worldwide basis at very high altitudes at high speeds. Stress cracks began appearing in the wing spars and ribs of the RB-57Fs after a few years of service. Some were sent to General Dynamics for repairs. Due to the excessive cost of repairing all the aircraft, nine were placed in storage at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona in 1972.
The 58th WRS, the last squadron in the Air Force to use the WB-57F Canberra, was inactivated on July 1, 1974 after placing its planes in storage at Davis-Monthan.Constituted as the 400th Fighter Squadron on 26 May 1943
Activated on 1 August 1943
Redesignated 400th Fighter-Bomber Squadron
on 5 April 1944
Redesignated 400th Fighter Squadron
on 5 June 1944
Redesignated 58th Reconnaissance Squadron (Weather)
on 7 July 1945
Inactivated on 31 May 1946
Redesignated 58th Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron, Medium, Weather on 22 January 1951
Activated on 21 February 1951
Redesignated 58th Weather Reconnaissance Squadron
on 15 February 1954
Inactivated on 8 August 1958
Activated in 1963 (not organized)
Organized on 8 June 1963
Inactivated on 30 June 1974
369th Fighter Group, 1 August 1943
Third Air Force, 7 July 1945
III Reconnaissance Command, 21 July 1945
Fifteenth Air Force, 31 March 1946 – 31 May 1946
2107th Air Weather Group, 21 February 1951
7th Weather Group, 20 April 1952
9th Weather Group, 18 April 1958 – 8 August 1958
9th Weather Reconnaissance Group, 8 June 1963
9th Weather Reconnaissance Wing, 8 July 1965 - 1 July 1974
Hamilton Field, California, 1 August 1943
Oroville Army Air Field, California, 2 November 1943
Hamilton Field, California, 16 March 1944
DeRidder Army Air Base Louisiana, 28 March 1944
Stuttgart Army Air Field, Arkansas, 8 February 1945
Will Rogers Field, Oklahoma, 21 July 1945
Rapid City Army Air Field, South Dakota, 28 July 1945 – 31 May 1946
Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska, 21 February 1951 – 8 August 1958
Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico, 8 June 1963 - 30 June 1974
Bell P-39 Airacobra, 1943–1944
North American A-36 Apache, 1944
Curtiss P-40 Warhawk, 1944–1945
North American B-25 Mitchell, 1945–1946
Northrop P-61 Black Widow, 1945–1946
Boeing WB-29 Superfortress, 1951–1956
Boeing WB-50 Superfortress, 1956–1958
Martin RB-57F (later WB-57F) Canberra, 1964–1974
25 September 1953 – A 58 WRS WB-29-100BW (45-21872A) crashed just after takeoff two miles north of Eielson Air Force Base. Captain Charles F. Baker, a weather observer assigned to the unit, was the only fatality.
31 August 1956 – A 58th Reconnaissance Squadron WB-50D (49-315), recently dubbed the "Golden Heart" in honor of the city of Fairbanks, crashed into the Susitna River near Willow. All eleven aboard died.
17 January 1957 – A WB-50D (48-093) assigned to the 58th Weather Reconnaissance Squadron crashed shortly after takeoff approximately three miles north of Eielson Air Force Base. All 12 crewmembers were killed.