Neha Patil (Editor)

57th United States Congress

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Covid-19
Senate Pres. pro tem  William P. Frye (R)
Senate Majority  Republican
House Speaker  David B. Henderson (R)
House Majority  Republican
57th United States Congress
Senate President  Theodore Roosevelt (R) until September 14, 1901 Vacant from September 14, 1901
Members  90 Senators 357 Representatives 5 Non-voting members

The Fifty-seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1901 to March 4, 1903, during the final six months of William McKinley's presidency, and the first year and a half of the first administration of his successor, U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eleventh Census of the United States in 1890. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Contents

Major events

  • September 6, 1901: Leon Czolgosz shot President William McKinley at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York
  • September 14, 1901: President William McKinley died. Theodore Roosevelt became President of the United States
  • October 16, 1901: President Roosevelt invited African American leader Booker T. Washington to the White House. The American South reacted angrily to the visit, and racial violence increased in the region.
  • December 3, 1901: President Roosevelt delivered a 20,000-word speech to the House of Representatives, asking Congress to curb the power of trusts "within reasonable limits."
  • February 22, 1902: Senators Benjamin Tillman and John L. McLaurin, both of South Carolina, have a fist fight while Congress is in session. Both Tillman and McLaurin were later censured by the Senate on February 28.
  • June 2, 1902: The Anthracite Coal Strike by the United Mine Workers began, continuing until October 21, 1902.
  • July 4, 1902: The Philippine–American War ended
  • Major legislation

  • June 17, 1902: Newlands Reclamation Act
  • June 28, 1902: Isthmian Canal Act (Panama Canal), Sess. 1, ch. 1302, 32 Stat. 481
  • January 21, 1903: Militia Act of 1903 (Dick Act), 32 Stat. 775
  • February 11, 1903: Expediting Act, Sess. 2, ch. 544, 32 Stat. 823
  • February 19, 1903: Elkins Act
  • March 3, 1903: Immigration Act of 1903, including §39, the Anarchist Exclusion Act
  • Senate

  • Note: Fred T. Dubois (Idaho) was elected as a Silver Republican, but changed parties to Democratic after this Congress began.
  • House of Representatives

  • Democratic: 151
  • Republican: 200 (majority)
  • Populist: 5
  • Silver (Silver Republican): 1
  • TOTAL members: 357

    Senate

  • President: Theodore Roosevelt (R), until September 14, 1901; vacant thereafter.
  • President pro tempore: William P. Frye (R)
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: James K. Jones (D)
  • Republican Conference Chairman: William B. Allison (R)
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: David B. Henderson (R)
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: James Hay (D)
  • Republican Conference Chairman: Joseph G. Cannon (R)
  • Majority (Republican) leadership

  • Majority Leader: Sereno E. Payne
  • Majority Whip: James A. Tawney
  • Minority (Democratic) leadership

  • Minority Leader: James D. Richardson
  • Minority Whip: James T. Lloyd
  • Members

    This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district.

    Skip to House of Representatives, below

    Senate

    At this time, Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. The Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election, precede the names in the list below. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1904; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1906; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1902.

    Changes in Membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

    Senate

    Note:Delaware's Class 1 Senate seat remained vacant for entire Congress due to the legislature's failure to elect.

  • Replacements: 4
  • Democratic: 1-seat gain
  • Republican: 3-seat gain
  • Populist: 1-seat loss
  • Deaths: 3
  • Resignations: 0
  • Vacancy: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 6
  • House of Representatives

  • replacements: 17
  • Democratic: 3 seat loss
  • Republican: 3 seat gain
  • deaths: 14
  • resignations: 5
  • contested elections: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 24
  • Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.

    Senate

  • Additional Accommodations for the Library of Congress (Select)
  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Appropriations
  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • Canadian Relations
  • Census
  • Civil Service and Retrenchment
  • Claims
  • Coast and Insular Survey
  • Coast Defenses
  • Commerce
  • Corporations Organized in the District of Columbia
  • Cuban Relations
  • Distributing Public Revenue Among the States (Select)
  • District of Columbia
  • Education and Labor
  • Engrossed Bills
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Establish a University in the United States (Select)
  • Examine the Several Branches in the Civil Service
  • Expenditures in Executive Departments
  • Finance
  • Fisheries
  • Five Civilized Tribes of Indians (Select)
  • Foreign Relations
  • Forest Reservations and the Protection of Game
  • Geological Survey
  • Immigration
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Industrial Expositions
  • Interoceanic Canals
  • Interstate Commerce
  • Irrigation and Reclamation
  • Judiciary
  • Library
  • Manufactures
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Mississippi River and its Tributaries (Select)
  • National Banks (Select)
  • Naval Affairs
  • Pacific Islands and Puerto Rico
  • Pacific Railroads
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Philippines
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Potomac River Front (Select)
  • Printing
  • Private Land Claims
  • Privileges and Elections
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Health and National Quarantine
  • Public Lands
  • Railroads
  • Revision of the Laws
  • Revolutionary Claims
  • Rules
  • Standards, Weights and Measures (Select)
  • Territories
  • Transportation and Sale of Meat Products (Select)
  • Transportation Routes to the Seaboard
  • Whole
  • Woman Suffrage (Select)
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Agriculture
  • Alcoholic Liquor Traffic
  • Appropriations
  • Banking and Currency
  • Census
  • Claims
  • Coinage, Weights and Measures
  • Disposition of Executive Papers
  • District of Columbia
  • Education
  • Election of the President, Vice President and Representatives in Congress
  • Elections
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in the Agriculture Department
  • Expenditures in the Interior Department
  • Expenditures in the Justice Department
  • Expenditures in the Navy Department
  • Expenditures in the Post Office Department
  • Expenditures in the State Department
  • Expenditures in the Treasury Department
  • Expenditures in the War Department
  • Expenditures on Public Buildings
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Insular Affairs
  • Interstate and Foreign Commerce
  • Invalid Pensions
  • Irrigation of Arid Lands
  • Labor
  • Levees and Improvements of the Mississippi River
  • Manufactures
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries
  • Mileage
  • Military Affairs
  • Militia
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Pacific Railroads
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands
  • Railways and Canals
  • Reform in the Civil Service
  • Revision of Laws
  • Rivers and Harbors
  • Rules
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Territories
  • Ventilation and Acoustics
  • War Claims
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Disposition of (Useless) Executive Papers
  • Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol: Edward Clark, died January 6, 1902.
  • Elliott Woods, appointed February 19, 1902.
  • Librarian of Congress: Herbert Putnam
  • Public Printer of the United States: Frank W. Palmer
  • Senate

  • Secretary: Charles G. Bennett
  • Sergeant at Arms: Daniel M. Ransdell
  • Chaplain: William H. Millburn, Methodist
  • F.J. Prettyman, Methodist, elected December 2, 1902.
  • House of Representatives

  • Clerk: Alexander McDowell
  • Sergeant at Arms: Henry Casson
  • Doorkeeper: William J. Glenn
  • Postmaster: Joseph C. McElroy
  • Clerk: Asher C. Hinds
  • Chaplain: Henry N. Couden, Universalist
  • References

    57th United States Congress Wikipedia


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