Puneet Varma (Editor)

55th United States Congress

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
Senate President  Garret Hobart (R)
House Speaker  Thomas B. Reed (R)
House Majority  Republican
Senate Pres. pro tem  William P. Frye (R)
Senate Majority  Republican
55th United States Congress
Members  90 Senators 357 Representatives 3 Non-voting members

The Fifty-fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1897, to March 4, 1899, during the first two years of William McKinley's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eleventh Census of the United States in 1890. Both chambers had a Republican majority. There was one African-American member, George Henry White, a Republican from the state of North Carolina.

Contents

Major events

  • March 4, 1897: William McKinley became President of the United States.
  • February 15, 1898: Spanish–American War: USS Maine exploded in Havana harbor.
  • December 10, 1898: Treaty of Paris ended Spanish–American War, 30 Stat. 1754.
  • Major legislation

  • June 10: War Revenue Act of 1898
  • July 24, 1897: Dingley tariff, ch. 11, 30 Stat. 151, increased trade duties for revenue and protection
  • April 20, 1898: Teller Resolution (Cuba), 30 Stat. 738
  • April 25, 1898: United States declaration of war upon Spain (Spanish–American War), 30 Stat. 364
  • June 1, 1898: Erdman Act, 30 Stat. 424
  • June 13, 1898: War Revenue Act of 1898, 30 Stat. 448
  • July 1, 1898: Bankruptcy Act of 1898 (Henderson-Nelson Act), ch. 541, 30 Stat. 544, gave companies an option of gaining protection from creditors.
  • July 7, 1898: Newlands Resolution, No. 55, 30 Stat. 750, authorized the annexation of the Republic of Hawaii
  • March 3, 1899: Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899, Ch. 425, 33 Stat. 401, § 9, 30 Stat. 1151
  • Treaties ratified

  • February 6, 1899: Treaty of Paris, ending the Spanish–American War. Guam, The Philippines, and Puerto Rico became possessions of the U.S.
  • Party summary

    The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

    Senate

  • President: Garret Hobart (R)
  • President pro tempore: William P. Frye (R)
  • Republican Conference Chairman: William B. Allison
  • Democratic Caucus Chair: Arthur Pue Gorman, until 1898
  • David Turpie, afterwards
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Charles James Faulkner
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Thomas Brackett Reed (R)
  • Republican Conference Chair: Charles H. Grosvenor
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: James D. Richardson
  • Members

    This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district.

    Skip to House of Representatives, below

    Senate

    Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1898; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 1900; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring re-election in 1902.

    House of Representatives

    The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

    Senate

  • replacements: 5
  • Democratic: no net change
  • Republican: no net change
  • deaths: 5
  • resignations: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 8
  • House of Representatives

  • replacements: 14
  • Democratic: 1 seat net loss
  • Republican: 1 seat net gain
  • deaths: 10
  • resignations: 9
  • contested election: 3
  • Total seats with changes: 23
  • Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.

    Senate

  • Additional Accommodations for the Library of Congress (Select)
  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Appropriations
  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • Canadian Relations
  • Census
  • Civil Service and Retrenchment
  • Claims
  • Coast Defenses
  • Commerce
  • Corporations Organized in the District of Columbia
  • Distributing Public Revenue Among the States (Select)
  • District of Columbia
  • Education and Labor
  • Engrossed Bills
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Establish a University in the United States (Select)
  • Examine the Several Branches in the Civil Service
  • Finance
  • Fisheries
  • Five Civilized Tribes of Indians (Select)
  • Foreign Relations
  • Forest Reservations and the Protection of Game
  • Geological Survey (Select)
  • Immigration
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • International Expositions (Select)
  • Interstate Commerce
  • Irrigation and Reclamation
  • Judiciary
  • Library
  • Manufactures
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Mississippi River and its Tributaries (Select)
  • National Banks (Select)
  • Naval Affairs
  • Nicaragua Canal (Select)
  • Omaha Exposition (Select)
  • Pacific Railroads
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Potomac River Front (Select)
  • Printing
  • Private Land Claims
  • Privileges and Elections
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Health and National Quarantine
  • Public Lands
  • Railroads
  • Revision of the Laws
  • Revolutionary Claims
  • Rules
  • Tariff Regulation (Select)
  • Territories
  • Transportation and Sale of Meat Products (Select)
  • Transportation Routes to the Seaboard
  • Washington City Centennial (Select)
  • Whole
  • Woman Suffrage (Select)
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Agriculture
  • Alcoholic Liquor Traffic
  • Appropriations
  • Banking and Currency
  • Claims
  • Coinage, Weights and Measures
  • Disposition of Executive Papers
  • District of Columbia
  • Education
  • Election of the President, Vice President and Representatives in Congress
  • Elections
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in the Agriculture Department
  • Expenditures in the Interior Department
  • Expenditures in the Justice Department
  • Expenditures in the Navy Department
  • Expenditures in the Post Office Department
  • Expenditures in the State Department
  • Expenditures in the Treasury Department
  • Expenditures in the War Department
  • Expenditures on Public Buildings
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Interstate and Foreign Commerce
  • Invalid Pensions
  • Irrigation of Arid Lands
  • Labor
  • Levees and Improvements of the Mississippi River
  • Manufactures
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries
  • Mileage
  • Military Affairs
  • Militia
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Pacific Railroads
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands
  • Railways and Canals
  • Reform in the Civil Service
  • Revision of Laws
  • Rivers and Harbors
  • Rules
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Territories
  • Ventilation and Acoustics
  • War Claims
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Alcohol in the Arts (Select)
  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Disposition of (Useless) Executive Papers
  • Investigate Charities and Reformatory Institutions in the District of Columbia
  • Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol: Edward Clark
  • Librarian of Congress: Ainsworth Rand Spofford (until 1897), John Russell Young (starting 1897)
  • Public Printer of the United States: Thomas E. Benedict
  • Senate

  • Secretary: William Ruffin Cox of North Carolina
  • Sergeant at Arms: Richard J. Bright of Indiana
  • Chaplain: William H. Millburn Methodist
  • House of Representatives

  • Clerk: Alexander McDowell of Pennsylvania, elected March 15, 1897
  • Sergeant at Arms: Benjamin F. Russell of Missouri, elected March 15, 1897
  • Doorkeeper: William J. Glenn of New York, elected March 15, 1897
  • Postmaster: Joseph C. McElroy of Ohio, elected March 15, 1897
  • Clerk at the Speaker’s Table: Asher C. Hinds
  • Chaplain: Henry N. Couden Universalist, elected March 15, 1897
  • References

    55th United States Congress Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    Saving Jessica Lynch
    Jade McSorley
    Louis Champagne
    Topics
     
    B
    i
    Link
    H2
    L