|Covid-19|May 7 – In Constantinople, the dome of the Hagia Sophia collapses due to an earthquake. Emperor Justinian I orders the dome to be rebuilt.
The Avars and the Slavs occupy the Hungarian Plain on the Balkans. The threat of Avar domination prompts the Lombards to migrate to Italy.
December 13 – King Chlothar I reunites the Frankish Kingdom after his brother Childebert I dies, becoming sole ruler of the Franks.
Conall mac Comgaill becomes king of Dál Riata, a Gaelic overkingdom on the western coast of Scotland.
Istämi, ruler of the Western Turkic Khaganate, establishes diplomatic relations with the Byzantine Empire.
The Guanghua Temple in Putian (China) is built during the Chen Dynasty, under Emperor Chen Wu Di.
The Bangor Abbey is founded by the Irish abbot Comgall in Northern Ireland (approximate date).
December 23 – The Abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés is dedicated by Germain, bishop of Paris.
Gao Yan, prince of Northern Qi (d. 571)
Yu Shinan, calligrapher and official (d. 638)
Abraham of Kratia, Christian monk (approximate date)
December 13 – Childebert I, king of the Franks
Queen Dugu, Chinese queen of Northern Zhou
Gabrán mac Domangairt, king of Dál Riata
May 15 – Hilary of Galeata, Christian monk
Jing Di, emperor of the Liang Dynasty (b. 543)
May 13 – John the Silent, bishop and saint
May 1 – Marcouf, missionary and saint
Year 558 (DLVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 558 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.