Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

54th United States Congress

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Senate President  Adlai E. Stevenson (D)
House Speaker  Thomas B. Reed (R)
House Majority  Republican
Senate Pres. pro tem  William P. Frye (R)
Senate Majority  Republican (plurality)
54th United States Congress

Members  90 Senators 357 Representatives 4 Non-voting members

The Fifty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1895 to March 4, 1897, during the last two years of Grover Cleveland's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eleventh Census of the United States in 1890. The House had a Republican majority, and the Republicans were the largest party in the Senate.


Major legislation

  • May 21, 1896: Oil Pipe Line Act, ch. 212, 29 Stat. 127 (43 U.S.C. § 962 et seq.)
  • May 22, 1896: Condemned Cannon Act, 29 Stat. 133
  • May 28, 1896: United States Commissioners Act, 29 Stat. 184
  • June 1, 1896: Married Women's Rights Act (District of Columbia), 29 Stat. 193
  • June 6, 1896: Filled Cheese Act, 29 Stat. 253
  • January 13, 1897: Stock Reservoir Act, 29 Stat. 484, (43 U.S.C. § 952 et seq.)
  • March 2, 1897: Tea Importation Act, 29 Stat. 604, (21 U.S.C. § 41 et seq.)
  • States admitted

  • January 4, 1896: Utah was admitted the 45th state.
  • Party summary

    This count identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.


  • President: Adlai E. Stevenson (D)
  • President pro tempore: William P. Frye (R)
  • Majority (Republican) leadership

  • Republican Conference Chairman: John Sherman
  • Minority (Democratic) leadership

  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: Arthur P. Gorman
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Charles James Faulkner
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Thomas B. Reed (R)
  • Majority (Republican) leadership

  • Republican Conference Chairman: Charles H. Grosvenor
  • Minority (Democratic) leadership

  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: David B. Culberson
  • Members

    This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district.

    Skip to House of Representatives, below


    Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 1898; Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring re-election in 1900; and Class 3 meant their term ended in this Congress, requiring re-election in 1896.

    House of Representatives

    The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.


    Two seats were added when Utah was admitted and one seat was filled late.

    House of Representatives

    There were 4 deaths, 2 resignations, 13 election challenges, 1 new seat, and 4 seats vacant from the previous Congress. Democrats had a 10-seat net loss; Republicans had a 12-seat net gain; and Populists had a 2-seat net gain.


    Lists of committees and their party leaders.


  • Additional Accommodations for the Library of Congress (Select)
  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Appropriations
  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • Canadian Relations
  • Census
  • Civil Service and Retrenchment
  • Claims
  • Coast Defenses
  • Commerce
  • Corporations Organized in the District of Columbia
  • Distributing Public Revenue Among the States (Select)
  • District of Columbia
  • Education and Labor
  • Engrossed Bills
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Epidemic Diseases
  • Establish a University in the United States (Select)
  • Examine the Several Branches in the Civil Service
  • Finance
  • Fisheries
  • Five Civilized Tribes of Indians (Select)
  • Foreign Relations
  • Forest Reservations (Select)
  • Geological Survey (Select)
  • Immigration
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • International Expositions (Select)
  • Interstate Commerce
  • Irrigation and Reclamation
  • Judiciary
  • Library
  • Manufactures
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Mississippi River and its Tributaries (Select)
  • National Banks (Select)
  • Naval Affairs
  • Nicaragua Canal (Select)
  • Pacific Railroads
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Potomac River Front (Select)
  • Printing
  • Private Land Claims
  • Privileges and Elections
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Health and National Quarantine
  • Public Lands
  • Railroads
  • Revision of the Laws
  • Revolutionary Claims
  • Rules
  • Tariff Regulation (Select)
  • Tennessee Centennial Exposition (Select)
  • Territories
  • Transportation and Sale of Meat Products (Select)
  • Transportation Routes to the Seaboard
  • Whole
  • Woman Suffrage (Select)
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Agriculture
  • Alcoholic Liquor Traffic
  • Appropriations
  • Banking and Currency
  • Claims
  • Coinage, Weights and Measures
  • Disposition of Executive Papers
  • District of Columbia
  • Education
  • Election of the President, Vice President and Representatives in Congress
  • Elections
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in the Agriculture Department
  • Expenditures in the Interior Department
  • Expenditures in the Justice Department
  • Expenditures in the Navy Department
  • Expenditures in the Post Office Department
  • Expenditures in the State Department
  • Expenditures in the Treasury Department
  • Expenditures in the War Department
  • Expenditures on Public Buildings
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Irrigation of Arid Lands
  • Indian Affairs
  • Interstate and Foreign Commerce
  • Invalid Pensions
  • Labor
  • Levees and Improvements of the Mississippi River
  • Manufactures
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries
  • Mileage
  • Military Affairs
  • Militia
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Pacific Railroads
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands
  • Railways and Canals
  • Reform in the Civil Service
  • Revision of Laws
  • Rivers and Harbors
  • Rules
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Ventilation and Acoustics
  • War Claims
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Alcohol in the Arts (Select)
  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Disposition of (Useless) Executive Papers
  • Investigate Charities and Reformatory Institutions in the District of Columbia
  • Ford's Theater Disaster
  • Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol: Edward Clark
  • Librarian of Congress: Ainsworth Rand Spofford
  • Public Printer of the United States: Thomas E. Benedict
  • Senate

  • Chaplain: William H. Millburn (Methodist)
  • Secretary: William Ruffin Cox
  • Sergeant at Arms: Richard J. Bright
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain: Henry N. Couden (Universalist)
  • Clerk: Alexander McDowell
  • Clerk at the Speaker’s Table: Asher C. Hinds
  • Doorkeeper: William J. Glenn
  • Postmaster: Joseph C. McElroy
  • Sergeant at Arms: Benjamin F. Russell
  • References

    54th United States Congress Wikipedia