Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

53rd United States Congress

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Senate President  Adlai E. Stevenson (D)
Senate Majority  Democratic
House Speaker  Charles F. Crisp (D)
House Majority  Democratic
53rd United States Congress
Senate Pres. pro tem  Charles F. Manderson (R) Isham G. Harris (D) (twice) Matt W. Ransom (D)
Members  88 Senators 356 Representatives 4 Non-voting members

The Fifty-third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1893 to March 4, 1895, during the fifth and sixth years of Grover Cleveland's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eleventh Census of the United States in 1890. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.


Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

House of Representatives

  • Democratic: 211 (majority)
  • Republican: 133
  • Populist: 11
  • Independent Democratic: 1
  • TOTAL members: 356


  • President: Adlai Stevenson (D)
  • President pro tempore: Charles F. Manderson (D)
  • Isham G. Harris (D), elected March 22, 1893
  • Matt Whitaker Ransom (D), elected January 7, 1895
  • Isham G. Harris (D), elected January 10, 1895
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: Arthur P. Gorman
  • Republican Conference Chairman: John Sherman
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Charles F. Crisp (D)
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: William S. Holman
  • Republican Conference Chair: Thomas J. Henderson
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: John L. Mitchell
  • Major events

  • March 4, 1893: Grover Cleveland became President of the United States for a second time.
  • May 5, 1893: Panic of 1893: A crash on the New York Stock Exchange started a depression.
  • November 7, 1893: Colorado women were granted the right to vote
  • May 1, 1894: Coxey's Army, the first significant American protest march, arrived in Washington, D.C.
  • Major legislation

  • July 16, 1894: Utah Enabling Act
  • August 27, 1894: Wilson–Gorman Tariff Act
  • February 18, 1895: Maguire Act of 1895
  • Members

    This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

    Skip to House of Representatives, below


    Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1898; Class 2 meant their term ended in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1894; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1896.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.


  • replacements: 6
  • Democratic: no net change
  • Republican: no net change
  • Liberal Republican: 1 seat net loss
  • deaths: 4
  • resignations: 8
  • interim appointments: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 12
  • House of Representatives

  • replacements: 22
  • Democratic: 2 seat net gain
  • Republican: 2 seat net loss
  • deaths: 11
  • resignations: 13
  • contested election: 3
  • Total seats with changes: 30
  • Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.


  • Additional Accommodations for the Library of Congress (Select)
  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Appropriations
  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • Bribery Attempts Investigation (Special)
  • Canadian Relations
  • Census
  • Civil Service and Retrenchment
  • Claims
  • Coast Defenses
  • Commerce
  • Corporations Organized in the District of Columbia (Select)
  • Distributing Public Revenue Among the States (Select)
  • District of Columbia
  • Education and Labor
  • Engrossed Bills
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Epidemic Diseases
  • Establish a University in the United States (Select)
  • Examine the Several Branches in the Civil Service
  • Finance
  • Fisheries
  • Five Civilized Tribes of Indians (Select)
  • Ford Theater Disaster (Select)
  • Foreign Relations
  • Forest Reservations (Select)
  • Geological Survey (Select)
  • Immigration
  • Immigration and Naturalization (Select)
  • Indian Affairs
  • Interstate Commerce
  • Irrigation and Reclamation
  • Judiciary
  • Library
  • Manufactures
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Mississippi River and its Tributaries (Select)
  • National Banks (Select)
  • Naval Affairs
  • Nicaraguan Claims (Select)
  • Pacific Railroads
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Potomac River Front (Select)
  • Printing
  • Private Land Claims
  • Privileges and Elections
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Distress (Select)
  • Public Lands
  • Quadrocentennial (Select)
  • Railroads
  • Revision of the Laws
  • Revolutionary Claims
  • Rules
  • Tariff Regulation (Select)
  • Territories
  • Transportation and Sale of Meat Products (Select)
  • Transportation Routes to the Seaboard
  • Whole
  • Woman Suffrage (Select)
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Agriculture
  • Alcoholic Liquor Traffic (Select)
  • Appropriations
  • Banking and Currency
  • Claims
  • Coinage, Weights and Measures
  • Disposition of Executive Papers
  • District of Columbia
  • Education
  • Election of the President, Vice President and Representatives in Congress
  • Elections
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in the Agriculture Department
  • Expenditures in the Interior Department
  • Expenditures in the Justice Department
  • Expenditures in the Navy Department
  • Expenditures in the Post Office Department
  • Expenditures in the State Department
  • Expenditures in the Treasury Department
  • Expenditures in the War Department
  • Expenditures on Public Buildings
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Irrigation of Arid Lands
  • Indian Affairs
  • Interstate and Foreign Commerce
  • Invalid Pensions
  • Labor
  • Levees and Improvements of the Mississippi River
  • Manufactures
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries
  • Mileage
  • Military Affairs
  • Militia
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Pacific Railroads
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands
  • Railways and Canals
  • Reform in the Civil Service
  • Revision of Laws
  • Rivers and Harbors
  • Rules
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Territories
  • Ventilation and Acoustics
  • War Claims
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Celebrate the Cenntennial of the Laying of the Capitol Cornerstone
  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Dedication of Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park
  • Disposition of (Useless) Executive Papers
  • Ford's Theater Disaster
  • Naval Affairs
  • Naval Personnel
  • Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol: Edward Clark
  • Librarian of Congress: Ainsworth Rand Spofford
  • Public Printer of the United States: Frank W. Palmer (until 1894), Thomas E. Benedict (starting 1894)
  • Senate

  • Chaplain of the Senate: William H. Millburn (Methodist)
  • Secretary of the Senate: Anson G. McCook
  • William Ruffin Cox, elected April 6, 1893
  • Sergeant at Arms of the Senate: Edward K. Valentine
  • Richard J. Bright, elected August 8, 1893
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain of the House
  • Samuel W. Haddaway (Methodist)
  • Edward B. Bagby (Christian), elected December 4, 1893
  • Clerk of the House: James Kerr
  • Doorkeeper of the House: Alvin B. Hurt
  • Postmaster of the House: Lycurgus Dalton
  • Clerk at the Speaker’s Table: Charles R. Crisp
  • Sergeant at Arms of the House: Herman W. Snow
  • References

    53rd United States Congress Wikipedia

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