Rahul Sharma (Editor)

52nd United States Congress

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Senate President  Levi P. Morton (R)
Senate Majority  Republican
House Speaker  Charles F. Crisp (D)
House Majority  Democratic
52nd United States Congress
Senate Pres. pro tem  Charles F. Manderson (R)
Members  88 Senators 332 Representatives 4 Non-voting members

The Fifty-second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1891 to March 4, 1893, during the third and fourth years of Benjamin Harrison's presidency.


The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Tenth Census of the United States in 1880. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.

Major legislation

  • May 5, 1892: Geary Act
  • February 13, 1893: Harter Act (Carriage of Goods by Sea), ch. 105, 27 Stat. 445
  • Party summary

    The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

    House of Representatives

  • Democratic: 238 (majority)
  • Republican: 86
  • Populist: 8
  • TOTAL members: 332


  • President: Levi P. Morton (R)
  • President pro tempore: Charles F. Manderson (R)
  • Republican Conference Chairman: John Sherman
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: Arthur P. Gorman
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Charles F. Crisp (D)
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: William S. Holman
  • Republican Conference Chair: Thomas J. Henderson
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Roswell P. Flower
  • Members

    This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district.

    Skip to House of Representatives, below


    Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Senators are listed by Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1892; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 1894; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring re-election in 1896.

    House of Representatives

    Members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.


  • replacements: 7
  • Democratic: no net change
  • Republican: no net change
  • Liberal Republican: 1 seat net loss
  • deaths: 4
  • resignations: 5
  • interim appointments: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 10
  • House of Representatives

  • replacements: 15
  • Democratic: 1-seat net loss
  • Republican: 1-seat net gain
  • deaths: 10
  • resignations: 8
  • contested election: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 18
  • Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.

    House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Agriculture
  • Alcoholic Liquor Traffic (Select)
  • Appropriations
  • Banking and Currency
  • Claims
  • Coinage, Weights and Measures
  • Commerce
  • Disposition of Executive Papers
  • District of Columbia
  • Education
  • Elections
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in the Agriculture Department
  • Expenditures in the Interior Department
  • Expenditures in the Justice Department
  • Expenditures in the Navy Department
  • Expenditures in the Post Office Department
  • Expenditures in the State Department
  • Expenditures in the Treasury Department
  • Expenditures in the War Department
  • Expenditures on Public Buildings
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Indian Affairs
  • Invalid Pensions
  • Labor
  • Levees and Improvements of the Mississippi River
  • Manufactures
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries
  • Mileage
  • Military Affairs
  • Militia
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Pacific Railroads
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands
  • Railways and Canals
  • Revision of Laws
  • Rivers and Harbors
  • Rules
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Territories
  • War Claims
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Disposition of (Useless) Executive Papers
  • Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol: Edward Clark
  • Librarian of Congress: Ainsworth Rand Spofford
  • Public Printer of the United States: Frank W. Palmer
  • Senate

  • Chaplain: John G. Butler (Lutheran)
  • Secretary: Anson G. McCook
  • Sergeant at Arms: Edward K. Valentine
  • House of Representatives

  • Clerk: James Kerr
  • Clerk at the Speaker's Table: Charles R. Crisp
  • Chaplain: William H. Milburn (Methodist)
  • Doorkeeper: Charles H. Turner
  • Postmaster: James W. Hathaway
  • Sergeant at Arms: Samuel S. Yoder
  • References

    52nd United States Congress Wikipedia

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