| 1945, 1953–1955|
| United States|
Air Defense Command
| United States Air Force|
The 517th Air Defense Group is a disbanded United States Air Force organization. Its last assignment was with the 4711th Air Defense Wing at Ethan Allen Air Force Base, Vermont. It was inactivated on 18 August 1955.
The group was originally activated as a support unit for a bombardment group at the end of World War II in Italy and then redeployed to the Caribbean, where it supported units redeploying from Europe until it was inactivated in 1945.
The group was activated once again in 1953, when ADC established it as the headquarters for a dispersed fighter-interceptor squadron and the medical, maintenance, and administrative squadrons supporting it. It was replaced in 1955 when ADC transferred its mission, equipment, and personnel to the 14th Fighter Group in a project that replaced air defense groups commanding fighter squadrons with fighter groups with distinguished records during World War II.
517th Air Defense Group Wikipedia
The group was activated as the 517th Air Service Group in Italy in early 1945, shortly before the end of World War II. as part of a reorganization of Army Air Forces (AAF) support groups in which the AAF replaced Service Groups that included personnel from other branches of the Army and supported two combat groups with Air Service Groups including only Air Corps units. Designed to support a single combat group. Its 943rd Air Engineering Squadron was to provide maintenance that was beyond the capability of the combat group, its 767th Air Materiel Squadron to handle all supply matters, and its Headquarters & Base Services Squadron to provide other support. Together with the 518th Air Service Group, it supported the 464th and 465th Bombardment Groups at Pantanella Airfield (the unit histories are contradictory concerning whether the 517th supported the 464th or 465th group). The group relocated to Trinidad and provided support to combat units redeploying from Europe to the United States. It was disbanded in 1948.
During the Cold War, the group was reconstituted, redesignated as the 517th Air Defense Group, and activated at Ethan Allan AFB in 1953 with responsibility for air defense of upper New England. It was assigned the 37th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron (FIS), which was already stationed at Ethan Allan AFB, and flying World War II era F-51 Mustangs as its operational component. The 37th FIS had been assigned directly to the 4711th Defense Wing. The group replaced the 75th Air Base Squadron as USAF host organization at the base. It was assigned three squadrons to perform its support responsibilities.
The 37th FIS converted to airborne intercept radar equipped and Mighty Mouse rocket armed North American F-86 Sabres in June 1953. The group was inactivated in 1955 and replaced by the 14th Fighter Group (Air Defense) as result of Air Defense Command's Project Arrow, which was designed to bring back on the active list the fighter units which had compiled memorable records in the two world wars. The group was disbanded once again in 1984.Constituted as 517th Air Service Group
Activated on 13 January 1945
Inactivated on 31 July 1945
Disbanded on 8 October 1948
Reconstituted and redesignated 517th Air Defense Group on 21 January 1953
Activated on 16 February 1953
Inactivated on 18 August 1955
Disbanded on 27 September 1984
XII Air Force Service Command, 13 January 1945 - c.. 27 May 1945
Caribbean Wing, Air Transport Command c. 6 June 1945 - 31 July 1945
4711th Defense Wing, (later 4711th Air Defense Wing), 16 February 1953 – 18 August 1955
Caserta, Italy 13 January 1945 - 1945
Pantanella Airfield, Italy 1945 -27 May 1945
Waller Field, Trinidad 16 June 1945 - 31 July 1945
Ethan Allen AFB, Vermont, 16 February 1953 – 18 August 1955
Operational Squadron37th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, 16 February 1953 – 18 August 1955
Support Units517th Air Base Squadron, 16 February 1953 - 18 August 1955
517th Materiel Squadron, 16 February 1953 - 18 August 1955
517th Medical Squadron (later 517th USAF Infirmary), 16 February 1953 - 18 August 1955
767th Air Materiel Squadron 13 January 1945 - 31 July 1945
943rd Air Engineering Squadron 13 January 1945 - 31 July 1945
Maj. William C. Richardson, c.. 13 Jan 1945 - c.. Feb 1945
Lt Col. Lloyd L. Connell, c.. Feb 1945 - after 15 Jun 1945
Unknown 16 Feb 1953 - 18 Aug 1955