Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

50th United States Congress

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Senate President  Vacant
House Speaker  John G. Carlisle (D)
House Majority  Democratic
Senate Pres. pro tem  John J. Ingalls (R)
Senate Majority  Republican
50th United States Congress
Members  76 Senators 325 Representatives 8 Non-voting members

The Fiftieth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1887 to March 4, 1889, during the third and fourth years of Grover Cleveland's first presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Tenth Census of the United States in 1880. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.


Major legislation

  • October 8, 1888: Chinese Exclusion Act (Scott Act)
  • January 14, 1889: Nelson Act of 1889
  • February 22, 1889: Enabling Act of 1889
  • Party summary

    The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

    House of Representatives

  • Democratic: 167 (majority)
  • Republican: 152
  • Independent Republican: 2
  • Labor: 2
  • National Greenback: 1
  • Independent: 1
  • TOTAL members: 325


  • President: Vacant
  • President pro tempore: John J. Ingalls (R)
  • Republican Conference Chairman: George F. Edmunds
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: James B. Beck
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: John E. Kenna
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: John G. Carlisle (D)
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: Samuel S. Cox
  • Republican Conference Chair: Joseph Gurney Cannon
  • Members

    Skip to House of Representatives, below


    Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1892; Class 2 meant their term ended in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1888; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1890.

    House of Representatives

    The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.


  • replacements: 1
  • Democratic: no net change
  • Republican: no net change
  • Liberal Republican: 1 seat net loss
  • deaths: 0
  • resignations: 1
  • interim appointments: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 2
  • House of Representatives

  • replacements: 8
  • Democratic: no net change
  • Republican: no net change
  • deaths: 4
  • resignations: 5
  • contested election: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 8
  • Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.

    House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Agriculture
  • Alcoholic Liquor Traffic (Select)
  • American Ship building (Select)
  • Appropriations
  • Banking and Currency
  • Claims
  • Coinage, Weights and Measures
  • Commerce
  • District of Columbia
  • Education
  • Elections
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in the Interior Department
  • Expenditures in the Justice Department
  • Expenditures in the Navy Department
  • Expenditures in the Post Office Department
  • Expenditures in the State Department
  • Expenditures in the Treasury Department
  • Expenditures in the War Department
  • Expenditures on Public Buildings
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Indian Affairs
  • Invalid Pensions
  • Labor
  • Levees and Improvements of the Mississippi River
  • Manufactures
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries
  • Mileage
  • Military Affairs
  • Militia
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Pacific Railroads
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands
  • Railways and Canals
  • Revision of Laws
  • Rivers and Harbors
  • Rules
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Territories
  • War Claims
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Disposition of (Useless) Executive Papers
  • To Investigate Work on the Washington Aqueduct Tunnel
  • Administrative officers

  • Architect of the Capitol: Edward Clark
  • Librarian of Congress: Ainsworth Rand Spofford
  • Public Printer of the United States: Thomas E. Benedict
  • Senate

  • Chaplain: John G. Butler (Lutheran)
  • Secretary: Anson G. McCook
  • Sergeant at Arms: William P. Canady
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain: William H. Milburn (Methodist)
  • Clerk: John B. Clark, Jr.
  • Doorkeeper: Alvin B. Hurt
  • Clerk at the Speaker’s Table: Nathaniel T. Crutchfield
  • Postmaster: Lycurgus Dalton
  • Sergeant at Arms: John P. Leedom
  • References

    50th United States Congress Wikipedia

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