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4th United States Congress

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Senate President  John Adams (F)
Senate Majority  Federalist
House Speaker  Jonathan Dayton (F)
House Majority  Democratic-Republican
4th United States Congress
Senate Pres. pro tem  Henry Tazewell (F) Samuel Livermore (F) William Bingham (F)
Members  30-32 (two additions)(with 0-4 vacancies) Senators 106-107 (one additions)(with 0-8 vacancies) Representatives 1 Non-voting members

The Fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met at Congress Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from March 4, 1795 to March 4, 1797, during the last two years of George Washington's Presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the First Census of the United States in 1790. The Senate had a Federalist majority, and the House had a Democratic-Republican majority.


Major events

  • September 17, 1796: Washington's Farewell Address warned against partisan politics and foreign entanglements.
  • Treaties ratified

  • June 24, 1795: Treaty of London ("Jay's Treaty")
  • March 7, 1796: Treaty of Madrid ("Pinckney's Treaty")
  • States admitted

  • June 1, 1796: Tennessee admitted as a state; formerly the Territory South of the River Ohio, Sess. 1, ch. 47, 1 Stat. 491
  • Party summary

    This was the first Congress to have organized political parties. Details on changes are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.


  • President: John Adams (F)
  • President pro tempore:
  • Henry Tazewell (F), first elected December 7, 1795
  • Samuel Livermore (F), first elected May 6, 1796
  • William Bingham (F), first elected February 16, 1797
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Jonathan Dayton (F)
  • Members

    This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district.

    Skip to House of Representatives, below


    Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1796; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 1798; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring re-election in 1800.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress


    There were 10 resignations, 2 new seats, and 1 election to replace an appointee. There was a 1-seat gain for both the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans.

    House of Representatives

    There were 9 resignations, 1 death of a Representative-elect, and 1 new seat. There was a 1-seat gain for both the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans.


    Lists of committees and their party leaders.


  • Whole
  • House of Representatives

  • Claims
  • Commerce and Manufactures
  • Elections
  • Revisal and Unfinished Business
  • Rules (Select)
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Enrolled Bills
  • Officers

  • Architect of the Capitol: William Thornton
  • Senate

  • Chaplain: William White, Episcopalian
  • Doorkeeper: James Mathers of New York
  • Secretary: Samuel A. Otis of Massachusetts
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain: Ashbel Green, Presbyterian, elected December 7, 1795
  • Clerk: John Beckley of Virginia, elected December 7, 1795
  • Doorkeeper: Thomas Claxton, elected December 7, 1795
  • Sergeant at Arms: Joseph Wheaton of Rhode Island, elected December 7, 1795
  • References

    4th United States Congress Wikipedia

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