| John Adams (F)|
| Jonathan Dayton (F)|
| Henry Tazewell (F)
Samuel Livermore (F)
William Bingham (F)|
30-32 (two additions)(with 0-4 vacancies) Senators
106-107 (one additions)(with 0-8 vacancies) Representatives
1 Non-voting members
The Fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met at Congress Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from March 4, 1795 to March 4, 1797, during the last two years of George Washington's Presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the First Census of the United States in 1790. The Senate had a Federalist majority, and the House had a Democratic-Republican majority.
September 17, 1796: Washington's Farewell Address warned against partisan politics and foreign entanglements.
June 24, 1795: Treaty of London ("Jay's Treaty")
March 7, 1796: Treaty of Madrid ("Pinckney's Treaty")
June 1, 1796: Tennessee admitted as a state; formerly the Territory South of the River Ohio, Sess. 1, ch. 47, 1 Stat. 491
4th United States Congress Wikipedia
This was the first Congress to have organized political parties. Details on changes are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.President: John Adams (F)
President pro tempore:
Henry Tazewell (F), first elected December 7, 1795
Samuel Livermore (F), first elected May 6, 1796
William Bingham (F), first elected February 16, 1797
Speaker: Jonathan Dayton (F)
This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district.Skip to House of Representatives, below
Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1796; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 1798; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring re-election in 1800.
The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress
There were 10 resignations, 2 new seats, and 1 election to replace an appointee. There was a 1-seat gain for both the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans.
There were 9 resignations, 1 death of a Representative-elect, and 1 new seat. There was a 1-seat gain for both the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans.
Lists of committees and their party leaders.Whole
Commerce and Manufactures
Revisal and Unfinished Business
Ways and Means
Architect of the Capitol: William Thornton
Chaplain: William White, Episcopalian
Doorkeeper: James Mathers of New York
Secretary: Samuel A. Otis of Massachusetts
Chaplain: Ashbel Green, Presbyterian, elected December 7, 1795
Clerk: John Beckley of Virginia, elected December 7, 1795
Doorkeeper: Thomas Claxton, elected December 7, 1795
Sergeant at Arms: Joseph Wheaton of Rhode Island, elected December 7, 1795