Trisha Shetty (Editor)

4th Royal Tank Regiment

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Covid-19
Active  28 July 1917- 1993
Branch  British Army
Size  Battalion
Country  United Kingdom
Type  Armoured
4th Royal Tank Regiment
Part of  Royal Armoured Corps Royal Tank Regiment

The 4th Royal Tank Regiment (4 RTR) was an armoured regiment of the British Army from its creation in 1917, during World War I, until 1993. It was part of the Royal Tank Regiment, itself part of the Royal Armoured Corps.

Contents

History

The regiment originally saw action as D Battalion, Tank Corps in 1917. In 1940, it briefly amalgamated with the 7th Royal Tank Regiment, as the 4th/7th Royal Tank Regiment, returning to its previous title four months later.

4 RTR was captured at Tobruk on 21 June 1942. On 1 March 1945, 144th Regiment Royal Armoured Corps was redesignated 4th Royal Tank Regiment to replace the original. The newly retitled regiment equipped with Buffalo LVTs took part in Operation Plunder, ferrying troops of 51st Highland Division across the Rhine on the night of 23/24 March 1945. The Commanding Officer (Lt-Col Alan Jolly) carried the same standard that was originally carried across by 17th Armoured Car Battalion of the Royal Tank Corps in World War I. Once again the RTR were first across the Rhine.

In 1946, 4 RTR was stationed at Shandur, Suez Canal Zone. It assisted in the ending of the British Mandate over Palestine.

In 1959, it again amalgamated with 7th Royal Tank Regiment, this time without change of title, and in 1993 due to Options for Change, amalgamated with 1st Royal Tank Regiment.

Fighting or 'A' vehicles of the 4th Royal Tank Regiment carried a distinctive "Chinese" eye on each side, a tradition continued by the 1st Royal Tank Regiment upon amalgamation. Tanks were generally named, with all names beginning with the letter "D". Examples of names include Destroyer, Dakeyne, etc.

The 4th Royal Tank Regiment has strong Scottish connections and in the late 1970s, a pipes and drums was formed, wearing the Hunting Rose tartan. The Pipes & Drums were transferred to the 1st Royal Tank Regiment upon amalgamation in 1993. Following the amalgamation of 1 & 2 RTR on 2 August 2014 to form a "single battalion" Regiment, 4 RTR lives on, in commemorative form, as "Dreadnaught" Squadron, Royal Tank Regiment.

Awards

  • Philip John Gardner – Victoria Cross Tobruk 1941
  • References

    4th Royal Tank Regiment Wikipedia


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