| British Army|
| Kingdom of England (1685–1707)
Kingdom of Great Britain (1707–1746, 1788–1800)
Kingdom of Ireland (1746–1788)
United Kingdom (1801–1922)|
The 4th Royal Irish Dragoon Guards was a cavalry regiment in the British Army, first raised in 1685 as the Earl of Arran's Regiment of Cuirassiers. It was renamed as the 4th (Royal Irish) Dragoon Guards in 1788 and service for two centuries, including the First World War, before being amalgamated with 7th Dragoon Guards (Princess Royal's), to form the 4th/7th Dragoon Guards in 1922.
4th Royal Irish Dragoon Guards Wikipedia
The regiment was first raised by James, Earl of Arran as the Earl of Arran's Regiment of Cuirassiers in 1685 as part of the response to the Monmouth Rebellion, by the regimenting of various independent troops, and was ranked as the 6th Regiment of Horse. It fought at the Battle of the Boyne in July 1690 and the Battle of Steenkerque in August 1692 during the Williamite War in Ireland. In 1691 it was re-ranked as the 5th Horse, and in 1746 transferred to the Irish regiment establishment where it was the ranked 1st Horse. It returned to the British establishment in 1788, as the 4th (Royal Irish) Dragoon Guards.
The regiment was then involved in activities in support of the Invasion of France by émigrés in June 1795 before taking part in fighting at the Battle of Naas on 24 May 1798, the Battle of Prosperous also on 24 May 1798 and the Battle of Tuberneering on 4 June 1798 during the Irish Rebellion. At Tuberneering a troop from the regiment were ambushed and the troop commander, Lieutenant-Colonel Walpole and 100 of his men died. The regiment went on to fight at the Battle of Arklow on 9 June 1798 and the Battle of Vinegar Hill on 21 June 1798.
The regiment was deployed to the Peninsula in 1811 and fought under General Sir John Slade at the Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo in January 1812 during the Peninsular War. It also took part in the charge of the Heavy Brigade at the Battle of Balaclava in October 1854 during the Crimean War and in the Battle of Tel el-Kebir in September 1882 during the Anglo-Egyptian War.
The regiment landed in France at the outbreak of the First World War as part of the 2nd Cavalry Brigade in the 1st Cavalry Division on 16 August 1914 for service on the Western Front. Perhaps the most notable engagement of the regiment was on 22 August 1914, when a squadron of the regiment became the first members of the British Expeditionary Force to engage the German army outside Mons; four patrolling German cavalrymen of the 2nd Kuirassiers were surprised by two full troops of British cavalry, and after a brief pursuit several were killed. Captain Charles Hornby was reputed to have become the first British soldier to kill a German soldier, using his sword, and Drummer Edward Thomas is reputed to have fired the first British shots of the war.
In 1921, it was retitled the 4th Royal Irish Dragoon Guards and in 1922 was amalgamated with 7th Dragoon Guards (Princess Royal's), to form the 4th/7th Dragoon Guards.
The regiment's battle honours were as follows:Early Wars: Peninsular, Balaklava, Sevastopol, Tel-el-Kebir, Egypt 1882
The Great War: Mons, Le Cateau, Retreat from Mons, Marne 1914, Aisne 1914, La Bassée 1914, Messines 1914, Armentières 1914, Ypres 1914 '15, St. Julien, Frezenberg, Bellewaarde, Somme 1916 '18, Flers-Courcelette, Arras 1917, Scarpe 1917, Cambrai 1917 '18, St. Quentin, Rosières, Amiens, Albert 1918, Hindenburg Line, Pursuit to Mons, France and Flanders 1914-18
The colonels of the regiment were as follows:1685-1688 James, Earl of Arran later Duke of Hamilton. app. 28 July 1685 —The Earl of Arran’s Horse
1688-1688 Charles, Earl of Selkirk. app. 20 November 1688 —The Earl of Selkirk’s Horse
1688-1693 Charles Godfrey. app. 31 December 1688
1693-1713 Francis Langstone. app. 7 March 1693 —Langton’s Horse
1713-1715 George Joceline. app. 29 October 1713 —Jocelyn’s Horse
1715-1729 Sherrington Davenport. app. 9 February 1715 —Davenport’s Horse (also The Prince of Wales’s Own Regiment of Horse)
1729-1732 Owen Wynne. app. 6 July 1729 —Wynne’s Horse
1732-1739 Thomas Pearce. app. 29 September 1732 —Pearce’s Horse
1739-1743 James, Lord Tyrawley. app. 26 August 1739 —Trawley’s Horse
1743-1762 John Brown. app. 1 April 1743 —John Brown’s Horse
On 1 July 1751 a royal warrant provided that in future regiments would not be known by their colonels' names, but by their "number or rank".1762-1775 James Johnston (Johnston of the Blues). app. 3 August 1762
1775-1778 James Johnston (Irish Johnston). app. 27 April 1775
1778-1803 George Warde. app. 1 April 1778
1803–1814 Lt-Gen. Miles Staveley
1814–1827 Gen. Sir Henry Fane, GCB
1827–1849 Gen. Sir George Anson, GCB
1849–1868 Gen. Richard Pigot
1868–1874 Gen. Sir James Charles Chatterton, 3rd Baronet, GCB, KH
1874–1894 Gen. Sir Edward Cooper Hodge, GCB
1894–1896 Lt-Gen. William Godfrey Dunham Massy, CB
1896–1908 Lt-Gen. Sir Henry Clement Wilkinson, KCB
1908–1922 Lt-Gen. Sir Edward Cecil Bethune, KCB, CVO
In 1922 the regiment was amalgamated with the 7th Dragoon Guards (Princess Royal's) to form the 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards.