Rahul Sharma (Editor)

49th United States Congress

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Covid-19
House Speaker  John Carlisle (D)
House Majority  Democratic
Senate Majority  Republican
49th United States Congress
Senate President  Thomas A. Hendricks (D) until November 25, 1885 Vacant from November 25, 1885
Senate Pres. pro tem  John Sherman (R) John Ingalls (R)
Members  76 Senators 325 Representatives 8 Non-voting members

The Forty-ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1885 to March 4, 1887, during the first two years of Grover Cleveland's first presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Tenth Census of the United States in 1880. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.

Contents

Major events

  • March 4, 1885: Grover Cleveland became President of the United States
  • November 25, 1885: Vice President Thomas A. Hendricks died
  • December 26, 1886: Senator John A. Logan died
  • Major legislation

  • January 19, 1886: Presidential Succession Act
  • February 4, 1887: Interstate Commerce Act
  • February 8, 1887: Dawes Act
  • March 2, 1887: Hatch Act of 1887
  • March 3, 1887: Tucker Act
  • March 3, 1887: Edmunds–Tucker Act
  • Party summary

    The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

    House of Representatives

  • Democratic: 182 (majority)
  • Republican: 141
  • National Greenback: 1
  • Independent Democratic: 1
  • TOTAL members: 325

    Senate

  • President: Thomas A. Hendricks (D), until November 25, 1885; vacant thereafter
  • President pro tempore: John Sherman (R), December 7, 1885 – February 26, 1887
  • John J. Ingalls (R), from February 26, 1887
  • Republican Conference Chairman: George F. Edmunds
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: James B. Beck
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Arthur Pue Gorman
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: John G. Carlisle (D)
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: John Randolph Tucker
  • Republican Conference Chair: Joseph Gurney Cannon
  • Senate

    Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1886; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1888; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1890.

    House of Representatives

    The names of members of the House of Representatives are listed by district.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

    Senate

  • replacements: 7
  • Democratic: 1 seat net gain
  • Republican: 1 seat net loss
  • Liberal Republican: 1 seat net loss
  • deaths: 3
  • resignations: 6
  • interim appointments: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 9
  • House of Representatives

  • replacements: 11
  • Democratic: 2 seat net gain
  • Republican: 2 seat net loss
  • deaths: 8
  • resignations: 7
  • contested election: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 16
  • Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.

    Senate

  • Additional Accommodations for the Library of Congress (Select)
  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Appropriations
  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • Civil Service and Retrenchment
  • Claims
  • Coast Defenses
  • Commerce
  • Compensation of Members of Congress (Select)
  • Distributing Public Revenue Among the States (Select)
  • District of Columbia
  • Education and Labor
  • Engrossed Bills
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Epidemic Diseases (Select)
  • Examine the Several Branches in the Civil Service
  • Executive Departments Methods (Select)
  • Expenditures of Public Money
  • Finance
  • Fisheries
  • Foreign Relations
  • Indian Affairs
  • Indian Traders (Select)
  • Interstate Commerce (Select)
  • Judiciary
  • Library
  • Manufactures
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Mississippi River and its Tributaries (Select)
  • Naval Affairs
  • Nicaraguan Claims (Select)
  • Ordnance and War Ships (Select)
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Potomac River Front (Select)
  • Printing
  • Private Land Claims
  • Privileges and Elections
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands
  • Railroads
  • Revision of the Laws
  • Revolutionary Claims
  • Rules
  • Tariff Regulation (Select)
  • Tenth Census (Select)
  • Territories
  • Transportation Routes to the Seaboard
  • Whole
  • Woman Suffrage (Select)
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Admission to the Floor (Select)
  • Agriculture
  • Alcoholic Liquor Traffic (Select)
  • American Ship building (Select)
  • Appropriations
  • Banking and Currency
  • Claims
  • Coinage, Weights and Measures
  • Commerce
  • District of Columbia
  • Education
  • Elections
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in the Interior Department
  • Expenditures in the Justice Department
  • Expenditures in the Navy Department
  • Expenditures in the Post Office Department
  • Expenditures in the State Department
  • Expenditures in the Treasury Department
  • Expenditures in the War Department
  • Expenditures on Public Buildings
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Indian Affairs
  • Invalid Pensions
  • Labor
  • Levees and Improvements of the Mississippi River
  • Manufactures
  • Mileage
  • Military Affairs
  • Militia
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Pacific Railroads
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands
  • Railways and Canals
  • Revision of Laws
  • Rivers and Harbors
  • Rules
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Territories
  • War Claims
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Scientific Bureaus
  • Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol: Edward Clark
  • Librarian of Congress: Ainsworth Rand Spofford
  • Public Printer of the United States: Sterling P. Rounds (until 1886), Thomas E. Benedict (starting 1886)
  • Senate

  • Secretary of the Senate: Anson G. McCook
  • Sergeant at Arms: William P. Canady
  • Chaplain:
  • Elias D. Huntley, Methodist, elected December 18, 1883
  • John G. Butler, Lutheran, elected March 15, 1886
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain: William H. Milburn (Methodist)
  • Doorkeeper: Samuel Donelson
  • Clerk: John B. Clark, Jr.
  • Clerk at the Speaker’s Table: Nathaniel T. Crutchfield
  • Postmaster: Lycurgus Dalton
  • Sergeant at Arms: John P. Leedom
  • References

    49th United States Congress Wikipedia


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