Rahul Sharma

348th Reconnaissance Squadron

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Country  United States
Type  Bombardment
348th Reconnaissance Squadron
Active  1942-1945; 1947-1949; 1953-1973, 2011-
Branch  United States Air Force
Engagements  World War II - EAME Theater Vietnam War Afghanistan Campaign
Decorations  Distinguished Unit Citation (2x) Air Force Outstanding Unit Award with Combat "V" Device (2x) Air Force Outstanding Unit Award (3x) Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm

The 348th Reconnaissance Squadron is an active United States Air Force unit. It is assigned to the 69th Reconnaissance Group. It was activated at Grand Forks Air Force Base, North Dakota on 11 September 2011.

Contents

During World War II, the 348th Bombardment Squadron was a B-17 Flying Fortress squadron, assigned to the 99th Bombardment Group, Fifteenth Air Force. It earned Two Distinguished Unit Citations.

History

Established in early 1942 as a B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombardment squadron; trained under Second Air Force first in the Pacific Northwest, but the poor flying weather in the northwest forced a relocation to the Midwest for the second and third phases of training.

After completion of training, the 99th departed for the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO) in Algeria, where the ground echelon went by ship from New York City to Marrakech, Morocco; the air echelon flying to Morrison Field, Florida then along the South Atlantic Route to Navarin Airfield, Algeria where the ground and air echelons of the group were reunited in late February 1943. Assigned to Twelfth Air Force, the squadron engaged in combat operations in support of American ground forces in Algeria and Tunisia during the 1943 North African campaign.

The squadron helped force the capitulation of Pantelleria Island in June 1943, and bombed in preparation for and in support of the invasions of Sicily and southern Italy in the summer and fall of 1943. The squadron was reassigned to the new Fifteenth Air Force in October 1943 and until the German Capitulation in May 1945, engaged in strategic bombardment of enemy targets in Italy, France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, and Greece, attacking oil refineries, marshaling yards, aircraft factories, and other strategic objectives. The squadron was demobilized in Italy in late 1945; inactivated in November.

Although activated in the reserves in 1947, the unit was never equipped or manned, and was inactivated in 1949 due to budget restraints. Reactivated in 1953 as a Strategic Air Command B-36 Peacemaker intercontinental strategic bombardment squadron, it engaged in worldwide strategic bombardment training and stood nuclear alert until 1956 when the B-36 was retired. The squadron was re-equipped with B-52 Stratofortresses and continued training and nuclear alert status. It was deployed to the Pacific during the Vietnam War, engaging in Arc Light combat missions over North Vietnam; also deployed to Thailand flying out of U-Tapao RTNAF for combat missions over Cambodia and Laos. It was inactivated in 1973 with the inactivation of parent 99th Bombardment Wing and closure of Westover AFB.

Lineage

  • Constituted 348th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 28 January 1942
  • Activated on 1 June 1942
  • Re-designated 348th Bombardment Squadron, Heavy on 30 September 1944
  • Inactivated on 8 November 1945
  • Re-designated 348th Bombardment Squadron, Very Heavy on 13 May 1947
  • Activated in the reserve on 29 May 1947 Inactivated on 27 June 1949
  • Re-designated 348th Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron, Heavy and activated on 1 January 1953
  • Re-designated 348th Bombardment Squadron, Heavy on 1 October 1955 Inactivated on 31 March 1974
  • Re-designated 348th Reconnaissance Squadron on 17 August 2011
  • Activated on 11 September 2011

    Assignments

  • 99th Bombardment Group, 1 Jun 1942 – 8 Nov 1945; 29 May 1947-27 Jun 1949
  • 99th Strategic Reconnaissance (later Bombardment) Wing, 1 Jan 1953 – 30 Sep 1973
  • 69th Reconnaissance Group, 11 Sep 2011 - present
  • Aircraft

  • B-17 Flying Fortress, 1942–1945
  • B/RB-36 Peacemaker, 1953–1956
  • B-52 Stratofortress, 1956–1973
  • RQ-4 Global Hawk, 2011–present
  • References

    348th Reconnaissance Squadron Wikipedia


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