Supriya Ghosh

23rd United States Congress

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Senate President  Martin Van Buren (J)
House Majority  Jacksonian
Senate Majority  Anti-Jacksonian
23rd United States Congress
Senate Pres. pro tem  Hugh L. White (AJ) George Poindexter (J) John Tyler (J)
House Speaker  Andrew Stevenson (J) John Bell (J)
Members  48 Senators 240 Representatives 3 Non-voting members

The Twenty-third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1833 to March 4, 1835, during the fifth and sixth years of Andrew Jackson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fifth Census of the United States in 1830. The Senate had an Anti-Jacksonian or National Republican majority, and the House had a Jacksonian or Democratic majority.


Major events

  • March 28, 1834: Senate censured President Andrew Jackson for defunding the Second Bank of the United States
  • January 30, 1835: Richard Lawrence unsuccessfully tried to assassinate President Jackson in the United States Capitol; this was the first assassination attempt against a President of the United States.
  • Major legislation

    [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

    Party summary

    The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this congress. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

    House of Representatives

    For the beginning of this congress, the size of the House was increased from 213 seats to 240 seats, following the 1830 United States Census (See 4 Stat. 516).


  • President: Martin Van Buren (J)
  • President pro tempore: Hugh Lawson White (J), until December 15, 1833
  • George Poindexter (Anti-J), June 28, 1834 – November 30, 1834
  • John Tyler (Anti-J), from March 3, 1835
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Andrew Stevenson (J), elected December 2, 1833
  • John Bell (J), elected June 2, 1834
  • Members

    This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

    Skip to House of Representatives, below


    Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1838; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1834; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1836.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

    House of Representatives

  • replacements: 18
  • Jacksonian: 1 seat net loss
  • Anti-Jacksonian: 1 seat net gain
  • deaths: 8
  • resignations: 15
  • contested election: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 23
  • Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.


  • Agriculture
  • Amendments to the Constitution (Select)
  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • Claims
  • Commerce
  • Distributing Public Revenue Among the States (Select)
  • District of Columbia
  • Establishing Branches of the Mint (Select)
  • Executive Patronage (Select)
  • Finance
  • Foreign Relations
  • French Spoilations (Select)
  • Indian Affairs
  • Judiciary
  • Manufactures
  • Michigan and Arkansas Admission to the Union (Select)
  • Mileage of Members of Congress (Select)
  • Military Affairs
  • Militia
  • Naval Affairs
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • President's Message Refusing to Furnish a Paper to Senate (Select)
  • Private Land Claims
  • Public Lands
  • Purchasing Boyd Reilly's Gas Apparatus (Select)
  • Revolutionary Claims
  • Roads and Canals
  • Shiloh National Park (Select)
  • Tariff Regulation (Select)
  • Whole
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Agriculture
  • Bank of the United States (Select)
  • Biennial Register (Select)
  • Boundary of the Chickasaw Indians (Select)
  • Claims
  • Commerce
  • District of Columbia
  • Elections
  • Establishing an Assay Office in the Gold Region (Select)
  • Expenditures in the Navy Department
  • Expenditures in the Post Office Department
  • Expenditures in the State Department
  • Expenditures in the Treasury Department
  • Expenditures in the War Department
  • Expenditures on Public Buildings
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Indian Affairs
  • Invalid Pensions
  • Manufactures
  • Military Affairs
  • Naval Affairs
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Expenditures
  • Public Lands
  • Revisal and Unfinished Business
  • Revolutionary Claims
  • Roads and Canals
  • Rules (Select)
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Territories
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Enrolled Bills
  • Employees

  • Librarian of Congress: John Silva Meehan
  • Senate

  • Secretary: Walter Lowrie
  • Sergeant at Arms: Mountjoy Bayly, until December 9, 1833
  • John Shackford, elected December 9, 1833
  • Chaplain: Frederick W. Hatch (Episcopalian)
  • House of Representatives

  • Clerk: Walter S. Franklin
  • Sergeant at Arms: Thomas B. Randolph
  • Doorkeeper: Overton Carr
  • Postmaster: William J. McCormick
  • Chaplain: Thomas H. Stockton (Methodist)
  • Edward D. Smith (Presbyterian), elected December 1, 1834
  • References

    23rd United States Congress Wikipedia

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